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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 34 0 Browse Search
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1 6 0 Browse Search
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Jones wrote: The next I knew of Jeff, as we used to call him, was in 1829. He had graduated at West Point, and had been assigned to duty as second lieutenant in a United States infantry command at Fort Crawford, Prairie du Chien, then Michigan Territory, but now the State of Wisconsin. It was late in the year, and late, one night, when a lieutenant and a sergeant rode up to my log-cabin at Sinsinawa Mound, about fifty miles from Fort Crawford, and inquired for Mr. Jones. I told him that trating the shifting boundaries of the territories General A. C. Dodge mentioned the remarkable history of a house near Burlington. It was built by that pioneer and honored lawyer Timber Woods. Here one of his children was born, in the territory of Michigan; the next child, born in the self-same cabin, was a native of Wisconsin, and the third was in the territory of Iowa. As a companion to this story the general mentioned that the Hon. Mr. Duncan, living not far from Carydon, without changi
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1, Chapter 15: resignation from the army.-marriage to Miss Taylor.-Cuban visit.-winter in Washington.-President van Buren.-return to Brierfield, 1837. (search)
at heart of espionage and irritated into extreme nervousness, he saw a ship making ready for sea, and suddenly decided to sail in her to New York, whither she was bound. From thence he went to Washington, and was so fortunate as to get in a congressional mess with Mr. Benton, General George Jones, Dr. Lynn, Franklin Pierce, and other prominent men of that day. Of this period General George Jones, of Iowa, wrote thus: It was in 1838, when I was the last delegate to Congress from the Michigan Territory, that Jefferson Davis reached Washington in the winter and immediately called to see me where I was staying, at Dawson's boarding-house, not more than a hundred yards northeast of the present Senate chamber. Among the prominent men staying at the same house were Senators Thomas H. Benton from Missouri; his colleague, Dr. Lewis F. Linn; William Allen, Senator of Ohio; Franklin Pierce, of New Hampshire, and forty or fifty others. I introduced Lieutenant Davis to my friends. He wa
as appointed (February, 1812) first major-general, or acting commander-in-chief of the armies in the field, having the Northern Department under his immediate control. Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina, also a soldier of the Revolution, was appointed (March, 1812) second major-general, and placed in command of the Southern Department. Joseph Bloomfield (governor of New Jersey), James Winchester (of Tennessee), John P. Boyd (of Massachusetts), and William Hull (then governor of the Territory of Michigan) were commissioned (April 8, 1812) brigadier-generals. The same commission was given (June) to Thomas Flournoy, of Georgia. John Armstrong, of New York, was also commissioned (July 4) a brigadier-general to fill a vacancy caused by the recent death of Gen. Peter Gansevoort. This was soon followed (July 8) by a like commission for John Chandler, of Maine. Morgan Lewis, of New York, was appointed quartermaster-general (April 3), and Alexander Smyth, of Virginia, was made inspector-
. To enter the province from the States, a water-barrier had to be crossed, while the American frontier was destitute of roads, infected with summer fevers, and sparsely settled. William Hull, a soldier of the Revolution, then governor of Michigan Territory, was consulted about an invasion of Canada, while on a visit at Washington. He insisted that before such an enterprise should be undertaken a naval control of Lake Erie should be acquired, and not less than 3,000 troops should be provided ade upon the fort at Detroit. On Sunday morning, the 16th, the British crossed the river to a point below Detroit, and moved upon the fort. Very little effort was made to defend it, and, on that day, Hull surrendered the fort, army, and Territory of Michigan into the hands of the British. See Detroit; Hull, William. On Oct. 17, 1813, General Harrison, of the United States army, and Commodore Perry, commander of the fleet on Lake Erie, issued a proclamation, stating that, by the combined o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cass, Lewis 1782-1866 (search)
Cass, Lewis 1782-1866 Statesman; born in Exeter, N. H., Oct. 9, 1782; entered upon the practice of law about 1802, in Zanesville, O., and at the age of twenty-five was a member of the legislature. He was colonel of an Ohio regiment, under General Hull, in 1812, and was with the troops surrendered at Detroit (q. v.). In March, 1813, he was made a brigadier-general, and was volunteer aide to General Harrison at the battle of the Thames (q. v.), when he was appointed governor of Michigan Territory. As superintendent of Indian affairs in that region, he negotiated nineteen treaties with the Indians. In 1829 he organized a scientific expedition to explore the upper Mississippi. In 1831 he resigned the governorship and became Secretary of War, under President Jackson. From 1836 to 1842 he was United States minister to France, and from 1845 to 1848 United States Senator. He received the Democratic nomination Lewis Cass. for President in 1848, but was defeated, and was again in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Detroit, (search)
he river. They had approached to a point within 500 yards of the American line, when Hull sent a peremptory order for the soldiers to retreat within the already overcrowded fort. The infuriated soldiers reluctantly obeyed; and while the enemy were preparing to storm the fort, Hull, without consulting any of his officers, hoisted a white flag, and a capitulation for a surrender was soon agreed upon. The surrender took place at noon, Aug. 16, 1812. The fort, garrison, army, and the Territory of Michigan were ineluded in the terms of surrender. The spoils of victory for the British were 2,500 stand of arms, twenty-five iron and eight brass pieces of ordnance, forty barrels of gunpowder, a, stand of colors, a great quantity of military stores, and the armed brig John Adams. One of the brass cannon bore the following inscription: Taken at Saratoga on the 17th of October, 1777. General Hull and his fellow-captives were sent first to Fort George and then to Montreal, where they arrived
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hull, William 1753-1825 (search)
tation at Newton after the war, was a leading member of the Massachusetts legislature in both houses, and was a noted man in wealth and reputation in that State when he became major-general of militia. He commanded a portion of the troops which suppressed Shays's rebellion (see Shays, Daniel). In 1793 he was a commissioner to Canada to treat with the Indians; and on his return from Europe, in 1798, he was made a judge of the court of common pleas. From 1805 to 1812 he was governor of Michigan Territory, where, after Wm. Hull. a fruitless and brief campaign for the invasion of Canada, as commander of the Army of the Northwest, he was compelled to surrender Detroit and the Territory into the possession of the British. For this act he was tried by court-martial, sentenced to death, pardoned by the President, and afterwards published such a thorough vindication of his conduct that his name and fame now appear in history untarnished. He died in Newton, Mass., Nov. 29, 1825. When Ge
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Richard, Gabriel 1767-1832 (search)
1792, where he labored as a missionary in Illinois and Michigan. On the outbreak of the War of 1812 he was an ardent sympathizer with the Americans. The British captured and imprisoned him until the close of the war, when he returned to Michigan. In 1807, as there was no Protestant minister in Detroit, the governor and other Protestants requested Father Gabriel to preach to them in English, avoiding all controversy. Father Gabriel accepted the invitation, and preached acceptably to his hearers. In 1823 he was elected delegate to the national House of Representatives from the Territory of Michigan. At the time of his election he was in jail, having been unable to pay a fine which had been imposed on him for defamation of character. He had excommunicated one of his parishioners, who sued him for defamation of character and obtained a verdict of $1,000 damages. Father Gabriel upon his election left the jail and proceeded to Washington. He died in Detroit, Mich., Sept. 13, 1832.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Toledo War, (search)
Toledo War, A contest regarding the boundary-line between the State of Ohio and the Territory of Michigan in 1835-37. Owing to both the State and the Territory taking possession of a disputed section of land, each appealed to President Jackson for a settlement of the difficulty. He, however, refused to interfere, whereupon the governor of Ohio called out the State militia and the governor of Michigan Territory took possession of Toledo. Just as matters were assuming a threatening phase,and the Territory taking possession of a disputed section of land, each appealed to President Jackson for a settlement of the difficulty. He, however, refused to interfere, whereupon the governor of Ohio called out the State militia and the governor of Michigan Territory took possession of Toledo. Just as matters were assuming a threatening phase, Congress decided to admit Michigan into the Union as a State, June 15, 1836, on conditions regarding the boundary-line which were formally accepted.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ater communication with the Pacific coast, enter the Missouri River......May 14, 1804 Burr, Vice-President, mortally wounds Alexander Hamilton in a duel at Weehawken, N. J., Hamilton having fired in the air......July 11, 1804 Twelfth Amendment being accepted by two-thirds of the States—Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware only dissenting—is declared ratified......Sept. 25, 1804 Second session convenes......Nov. 4, 1804 Fifth Presidential election......Nov. 13, 1804 Territory of Michigan formed from Indiana......Jan. 11, 1805 Electoral vote counted......Feb. 13, 1805 Twenty-five gunboats ordered for the protection of ports and harbors......March 2, 1805 [This measure was urged by President Jefferson, but proved to be useless.] Genesee and Buffalo Creek, N. Y., made ports of entry......March 3, 1805 Eighth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1805 [With this Congress closes the political life of Aaron Burr.] fifth administration—Democraticrepublican, M<
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