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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Operations South of the James River. (search)
Pennsylvania Cavalry, Colonel S. P. Spear commanding. A section of 3-inch rifles of the 4th Wisconsin Battery was temporarily assigned. The division numbered less than 2800 men, all told. When I reported to General Butler he informed me what he expected the division to do after it should be organized. Its task was to cut the Weldon Railroad, and this was to be done by crossing the Blackwater at Franklin, and proceeding direct to Hicksford and destroying the large bridge across the Meherrin River at that point; the object being to delay reenforcements from the south while the Army of the James was making a lodgment at Bermuda Hundred and City Point. While organizing the division I studied up the situation, and at the end of a week I reported to General Butler that I did not consider the task laid out a feasible one with the means at my command. The reasons I advanced were considered good, and the duty then assigned to us was to destroy the bridges across Stony Creek and the Not
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 20: Peace conference at Hampton Roads.--the campaign against Richmond. (search)
been performing gallant and useful services North and west of Richmond. To prevent Lee from receiving any supplies by the Weldon road, Meade sent Warren, early in December, with his own (Fifth) Corps, Mott's division of the Third Corps, and Gregg's mounted men, to destroy that railway farther South than had yet been done. This service was promptly performed. Warren moved Dec. 7, 1864. with his whole command along the road, without much opposition, and destroyed it all the way to De. Meherrin River, driving the few Confederates in his path across that stream to a fortified position at Hicksford. a few weeks later, while a greater portion of the naval force on the James River was engaged in a second expedition against Fort Fisher, see page 484. the Confederates sent down from under the shelter of strong Fort Darling, this Fort, which has been frequently mentioned in this work, was one of the most substantially and skill-fully built fortifications constructed by the Confeder
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
and that night reached Nottoway. The railroad-bridge over this stream was destroyed by General Gregg. Next day the march was renewed to Jewett's Station, to which point the railroad-track was torn up from the Nottoway. The work of destruction was resumed early on the morning of the 9th, by forming line of battle on the railroad, each division destroying all on its front, and then moving to the left alternately. A force of the enemy was encountered, but was driven by Gregg across the Meherrin River. At Hicksford, on the south side of this stream, the Confederates had three forts or batteries, armed with artillery, and connected by rifle-pits, and manned by a considerable body; so that it was impracticable to force a crossing at that point. As the attempt to turn the position would occasion at least two days longer time than that for which the expedition was provisioned, General Warren resolved to return. The railroad destruction was carried over a distance of eighteen or twenty
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1861. (search)
ginally of Saxon descent. . . . . The name is a very rare one, borne, I think, only by our own family. My father has examined a great many lists of English names, and found in one gazetteer the name Gholston. The Pretender at one time assumed the name of Gholston. Before the Revolutionary War the Gholsons were settled in Orange County, Virginia, at the residence lately occupied by Philip P. Barbour. One of the sons, Thomas, my great grandfather, moved to Brunswick County, near the Meherrin River, and gave the name to a town there, Gholsonville. His third son, Thomas Gholson, Jr., my immediate ancestor, was born in 1780, married Miss Ann Yates, was a member of Congress from 1807 until his death, July 4, 1816, leaving three children, of whom my father was the eldest. Daniel Wright, my great-grandfather, on the mother's side, lived in Virginia. His son, Daniel Wright, my grandfather, moved to Mississippi, and married Miss Martha Patrick, a celebrated beauty and most estimable l
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 31. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Recollections of army life with General Lee. (search)
ed near a barn woe be to the contents, if edible, for an entrance would be found somehow. Soap, even, became a luxury, and was hard to get, except when in proximity to the Federal lines, where we could readily exchange for it tobacco, which was issued as rations to us. Our blacking, if we fancied it, we would make out of powdered charcoal, and set it with molasses. It answered well enough in dry weather, but drew myrads of flies to our feet. We made a march in February, 1865, down the Meherrin river, in North Carolina, to head off a raid. Returning to camp, with a comrade, we struck through the country to pick up something. Passing through a farmyard we saw a large pot full of boiled turnips, corn and shucks for cattle and hog feed. While it did not look so tempting, it smelled appetizing. Yielding to our appetites, we dipped in our tin cups and drew up some of the mess. The soft corn was real good, and, stripping the turnips of the peel, we found a savory meal indeed. Filli
Brunswick county. --Three new volunteer companies have been organized in Brunswick county, Va. They are mustering and intend going into camp next week at Fort Hill, on Meherrin river, which was used for defence against the Indians prior to the American Revolution. The County Court has appropriated $7,500 to equip the soldiers.
ficiently deep. On the north Pamlico connects with Albemarle Sound, which is sixty miles long from east to west, and from four to fifteen miles wide. It receives the waters of Roanoke and Chowan rivers, and communicates with the Chesapeake bay by the Dismal Swamp canal. Edenton is situated near the mouth of Chowan river, on Edenton bay, which sets up from the Albemarle Sound. It is sixty-six mile from Norfolk. The Orleans river is formed by the union of the Northway and Meherrin rivers, which rise in Virginia and unite above Winton, N. C. and flowing S. S. E., it enters Albemarle Sound by a wide estuary a little south of the mouth of the Roanoke. It is navigable for small sail vessels to Murfreesborough, on the Meherrin branch, about 75 miles from the ocean. Elizabeth City, North Carolina, is on the Pasquotank river, twenty miles from its entrance into Albemarle Sound, forty miles S. S. W. of Norfolk. Vessels drawing seven feet of water come up to Elizabeth Cit
The Daily Dispatch: February 15, 1862., [Electronic resource], The enemy in North Carolina--his movements and Designs. (search)
The enemy in North Carolina--his movements and Designs. The Wilmington Journal, of Wednesday, contains the following interesting facts in relation to the enemy in North Carolina, and of the Roanoke fight: The Federal gunboats have passed up to Winton, the county seat of Hertford county, on the Chowan river. The Chowan is formed by the confluence of the Meherrin and Nottaway rivers. The main branch of Nottaway is the Black Water, which is crossed by the Seaboard and Roanoke Railroad about half way between. Weldon and Portsmouth, though rather nearer to the latter place. The Black Water is navigable up to the railroad, as a steamer has been running regularly in connection with the railroad trains, although necessarily a small one, owing to the narrowness and crookedness of the stream. The movements of the Lincolnite gunboats would seem to indicate a desire to force their way up as far as the Portsmouth road, so as either to obtain possession of it, or at least cut off co
enemy on Tuesday last, took place at Boone's Mill, eight miles from Garysburg. At three P. M., the enemy attacked Gen. R.'s command in position at Boone's Mill, eight miles from Garysburg. The fight continued until after dark, and the enemy had Spears's entire brigade and nine pieces of artillery engaged. At seven P M., he commenced his retreat, and our forces pursuing, the enemy finally fled precipitately, destroying the bridges behind him, and never halting until he had crossed the Meherrin river at Murfreesboro'. Having but little, if any cavalry, it was impossible for our forces to continue the pursuit only a short distance. But for night closing in at so early an hour, affiant movement would have been made, that would probably have resulted in the capture of the entire party. The point at which the Yankees called in their retreat was Mount Tebor, half way between Winston and Murfreesboro' and here they awaited reinforcements. On Thursday, the 30th, they again advanced in th
The Daily Dispatch: April 22, 1864., [Electronic resource], Capture of Plymouth, N. C.--Twenty-five hundred prisoners and thirty pieces of artillery taken. (search)
outh are indeed to be important, the fact will soon be known. But whether they are or are not; the taking of that town is an event highly cheering, and in itself of great importance. We recover the Roanoke valley entirely to Albemarle Sound, and that is a great deal.--It is needless to speak of its advantages.--They are understood and appreciated by our people. We should add that the Chowan river, which empties itself into the Albemarle Sound near Edenton, has for its tributaries the Meherrin, Nottoway, and Blackwater rivers — the latter of which, at least, the enemy has employed to his advantage in his movements upon Southside Virginia. With a formidable iron-clad to keep guard in the sound, the enemy cannot safely continue his aquatic performances thereabouts. Nor can he carry on with impunity his commerce for military purposes through the Dismal Swamp, via the Pasquotank river, to and from Elizabeth City, located on that river, also a tributary to Albemarle Sound. It m
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