Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Gulf of Mexico or search for Gulf of Mexico in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), America, discoverers of. (search)
He saw Labrador, and possibly Newfoundland. and went up the coast almost to Hudson Bay: and it is believed that he discovered the Gulf of St. Lawrence. In 1504 Columbus, in a fourth voyage to America. sailed with four caravels through the Gulf of Mexico, in search of a passage to India, and discovered Central America. In 1506 John Denys, of Honfleur, explored the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Two years later Thomas Aubert, a pilot of Dieppe, visited, it is believed, the island of Cape Breton, and g13 Vasco Nuñez de Balboa discovered the Pacific Ocean from a mountain summit on the Isthmus of Darien. Francisco Fernandez de Cordova discovered Mexico in 1517. Pamphila de Narvaez and Ferdinand de Soto traversed the country bordering on the Gulf of Mexico, the former in 1528, and the latter in 1539-41. In the latter year De Soto discovered and crossed the Mississippi, and penetrated the country beyond. This was the last attempt of the Spaniards to make discoveries in North America before the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Attakappa Indians, (search)
Attakappa Indians, A tribe found on the borders of the Gulf of Mexico, west of the Mississippi River, in southern Louisiana and eastern Texas. The Choctaws named them Attakappas, or Man-eaters. The French were the first Europeans who discovered them; and the Attakappas aided the latter in a war with the Natchez and Chickasaws. When Louisiana. was ceded to the United States in 1803, there were only about 100 of this nation on their ancient domain, near Vermilion Bayou, and they had almost wholly disappeared by 1825. What their real name was, or whence they came. may never be known. Their language was peculiar, composed of harsh monosyllables.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Benton, Thomas Hart, -1858 (search)
; each takes for the western limit the Rio Grande from head to mouth; and a law of the Texan Congress is copied into the margin of the map, to show the legal, and the actual, boundaries at the same time. From all this it results that the treaty before us, besides the incorporation of Texas proper, also incorporates into our Union the left bank of the Rio Grande, in its whole extent, from its head spring in the Sierra Verde, near the South Pass in the Rocky Mountains, to its mouth in the Gulf of Mexico. 4° south of New Orleans, in lat. 26°. It is a grand and solitary river, almost without affluents or tributaries. Its source is in the region of eternal snow; its outlet in the clime of eternal flowers. Its direct course is 1,200 miles; its actual run about 2,000 miles. This immense river, second on our continent to the Mississippi only, and but litle inferior to it in length, is proposed to be added in the whole extent of its left lank to the American Union; and that by virtue of a tr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boggs, Charles Stewart, 1811-1888 (search)
Boggs, Charles Stewart, 1811-1888 Naval officer; born in New Brunswick, N. J., Jan. 28, 1811; entered the navy in 1826; served on stations in the Mediterranean, West Indies, the coast of Africa, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean. He was made lieutenant in 1837; promoted to commander in 1855; and in 1858 was appointed Captain Charles Stewart Boggs. light-house inspector on the Pacific coast. Placed in command of the gunboat Varuna, when the Civil War broke cut, he was with Admiral Farragut in the desperate fight on the Mississippi, near Forts Jackson and St. Philip. In that contest his conduct was admirable for bravery and fortitude. He was subsequently in command of various vessels on American and European stations, and was promoted to rear-admiral in July, 1870. He died in New Brunswick, April 22, 1888.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Canals. (search)
ig Muscle Shoals, Tenn., to Elk River Shoals, Tenn. Newbern and Beaufort3Clubfoot Creek to Harlow Creek, N C. Ogeechee 407,818184016Savannah River, Ga., to Ogeechee River, Ga. Ohio 4,695,2041835317Cleveland, O., to Portsmouth, O. Oswego5,239,526182838Oswego, N. Y., to Syracuse, N. Y. Pennsylvania7,731,7501839193Columbia, Northumberland, W1ilkesbarre, Huntingdon, Pa. Portage Lake and Lake Superior528,892187325From Keweenaw Bay to Lake Superior. Port Arthur18997Port Arthur, Tex., to Gulf of Mexico. Santa Fe 70,00188010Waldo, Fla., to Melrose, Fla. Sault Ste. Marie 4,000,00018953Connects Lakes Superior and Huron at St. Mary's River. Schuylkill Navigation Co12,461,6001826108Mill Creek, Pa., to Philadelphia, Pa. Sturgeon Bay and Lake Michigan99,66118811 1-4Between Green Bay and Lake Michigan. St. Mary's Falls7,909,66718961 1-3Connects Lakes Superior and Huron at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. Susquehanna and Tidewater4,931,345184045Columbia, Pa., to Havre de Grace, Md. Walhonding607,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Case, Augustus Ludlow 1813- (search)
Case, Augustus Ludlow 1813- Naval officer; born in Newburg, N. Y., Feb. 3, 1813; joined the navy in 1828; served in the Gulf of Mexico during the Mexican War, and took part in the engagements of Vera Cruz, Alvarado, and Tabasco. In 1861-63 he was fleet-captain of the North Atlantic blockading squadron, and was present at the capture of Forts Clark and Hatteras. Early in 1863 he was assigned to the Iroquois, and in that year directed the blockade of New Inlet, N. C. He became rear-admiral May 24, 1872. During the Virginius trouble with Spain in 1874 he was commander of the combined North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and European fleets at Key West. He died Feb. 17, 1893.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clay, Henry 1777-1852 (search)
re ever a nation upon which the sun of heaven has shone that has exhibited so much of prosperity? At the commencement of this government our population amounted to about 4,000,000; it has now reached upward of 20,000,000. Our territory was limited chiefly and principally to the border upon the Atlantic Ocean, and that which includes the southern shores of the interior lakes of our country. Our country now extends from the northern provinces of Great Britain to the Rio Grande and the Gulf of Mexico on one side, and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific on the other side—the largest extent of territory under any government that exists on the face of the earth, with only two solitary exceptions. Our tonnage, from being nothing, has risen in magnitude and amount so as to rival that of the nation who has been proudly characterized the mistress of the ocean. We have gone through many wars—wars, too, with the very nation from whom we broke off in 1776, as weak and feeble colonies, and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Columbus, Christopher 1435-1536 (search)
obadilla was recalled, but, through the influence of the jealous Spanish nobles, Nicolas Ovando was appointed by the King governor of Hispaniola, instead of Columbus. The great admiral was neglected for a while, when the earnest Queen, Isabella, caused an expedition to be fitted out for him, and on May 9, 1502, he sailed from Cadiz with a small fleet, mostly caravels. He was not allowed to refit at his own colony of Hispaniola or Santo Domingo, and he sailed to the western verge of the Gulf of Mexico in search of a passage through what he always believed to be Zipango (Japan) to Cathay, or China. After great sufferings, he returned to Spain in November, 1504, old and infirm, to find the good Queen dead, and to experience the bitterness of neglect from Ferdinand, her husband. His claims were rejected by the ungrateful monarch, and he lived in poverty and obscurity in Valladolid until May 20, 1506, when he died. In a touching letter to a friend just before his death he wrote, I hav
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederate States of America (search)
cial residence in a railroad carriage, where they remained until the 15th, when, it being seen that the surrender of Johnston was inevitable, they again took flight on horses and in ambulances for Charlotte, for the railway was crippled. There Davis proposed to establish the future capital of the Confederacy, but the surrender of Johnston prevented. The fugitive leaders of the government now took flight again on horseback, escorted by 2,000 cavalry. They turned their faces towards the Gulf of Mexico, for the way to Mississippi and Texas was barred. At Charlotte, George Davis, the Confederate Attorney-General, resigned his office; Trenholm gave up the Secretaryship of the Treasury on the banks of the Catawba, where Postmaster-General Reagan, having no further official business to transact, took Trenholm's place. The flight continued Gulfward, the escort constantly diminishing. At Washington, Ga., the rest of Davis's cabinet deserted him, only Reagan remaining faithful. Mallory,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 (search)
ted States Senator from 1847 to 1851, and from 1857 to 1861. He was called to the cabinet of President Pierce as Secretary of War in 1853, and remained four years. He resigned his seat in the Senate in January, 1861, and was chosen provisional President of the Southern Confederacy in February. In November, 1861, he was elected permanent President for six years. Early in April, 1865, he and his associates in the government fled from Richmond, first to Danville, Va., and then towards the Gulf of Mexico. He was arrested in Georgia, taken to Fort Monroe, and confined on a charge of treason for about two years, when he was released on bail, Horace Greeley's name heading the list of bondsmen for $100,000. He was never tried. He published The rise and fall of the Confederate government (1881). He died in New Orleans, La., Dec. 6, 1889. Mr. Davis was at his home, not far from Vicksburg, when apprised of his election as President of the Confederacy formed at Montgomery, February, 1861.
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