ads seldom run through the fairest and richest portions of the country.
They must take the route where there is the least grading.
We soon emerged, however, from the marshy district, and then beheld the vast cotton-fields, now mostly planted in corn.
A good idea.
And the grain crops look well.
The corn, in one day, seems to have grown ten inches.
In the afternoon we were whisked into Georgia, and the face of the country, as well as the color of the soil, reminded me of some parts of France between Dieppe and Rouen.
No doubt the grape could be profitably cultivated here.
The corn seems to have grown a foot since morning.
The weather is very warm.
Day before yesterday the wheat was only six or eight inches high.
To-day it is two or three feet in height, headed, and almost ripe for the scythe.
At every station [where I can write a little] we see crowds of men, and women, and boys; and during our pauses some of the passengers, often clergymen, and not unfreque
me, I heard murmurs against the government.
So far, perhaps, no Executive had ever such cordial and unanimous support of the people as President Davis.
I knew the motive of the evacuation, and prepared a short editorial for one of the papers, suggesting good reasons for the retrograde movement; and instancing the fact that when Napoleon's capital was surrounded and taken, he had nearly 200,000 men in garrison in the countries he had conquered, which would have been ample for the defense of France.
This I carried to the Secretary at his lodgings, and he was so well pleased with it he wanted me to accompany him to the lodgings of the President, in the same hotel, and show it to him. This I declined, alleging it might be too late for the press.
He laughed at my diffidence, and disinclination on such occasions to approach the President.
I told him my desire was to serve the cause, and not myself.
I suppose he was incredulous.
The city is content at the evacuation.
being returned unread, with the injunction that when papers of such volume are sent to him for perusal, it is the business of the Secretary to see that a brief abstract of their contents accompany them.
No arms yet of any amount from Europe; though our agent writes that he has a number of manufactories at work.
The U. S. agent has engaged the rest.
All the world seems to be in the market buying arms.
Mr. Dayton, U. S. Minister in Paris, has bought 30,000 flint-locks in France; and our agent wants authority to buy some too. He says the French statisticians allege that no greater mortality in battle occurs from the use of the percussion and the rifled musket than from the old smooth-bore flint-lock musket.
This may be owing to the fact that a shorter range is sought with the latter.
We are resting on our oars after the victory at Manassas, while the enemy is drilling and equipping 500,000 or 600,000 men. I hope we may not soon be floating down stre
er did there exist a purer people.
I am at work on the resolution passed by Congress.
The Secretary sent it to me, with an order to prepare the list of names, and saying that he would explain the grounds upon which they were permitted to depart.
I can only give the number registered in this office.
Mr. Ely, the Yankee member of Congress, who has been in confinement here since the battle of Manassas, has been exchanged for Mr. Faulkner, late Minister to France, who was captured on his return from Europe.
Mr. Ely smiled at the brown paper on which I had written his passport.
I told him it was Southern manufacture, and although at present in a crude condition, it was in the process of improvement, and that necessity was the mother of invention.
The necessity imposed on us by the blockade would ultimately redound to our advantage, and might injure the country inflicting it by diminishing its own products.
He smiled again, and said he had no doubt
to attend to such cases; and he now directed that it be done.
Bledsoe came to me immediately, and said: Jones, you'll have to open a passport office again — I shall sign no more.
Moved once more into the old office.
Gen. Beauregard is doubly doomed.
A few weeks ago, when the blackness of midnight brooded over our cause, there were some intimations, I know not whether they were well founded, that certain high functionaries were making arrangements for a flight to France; and Gen. Beauregard getting intimation of an order to move certain sums in bullion in the custody of an Assistant Treasurer in his military department, forbid its departure until he could be certain that it was not destined to leave the Confederacy.
I have not learned its ultimate destination; but the victory of the Seven Pines intervening, Gen. Beauregard has been relieved of his command, on sick leave.
But I know his army is to be commanded permanently by Gen. Bragg.
There are charges
ard of inquiry is to sit on him.
The President has delayed the appointment of Gen. E. Johnson, and Gen. Echols writes that several hundred of his men have deserted; that the enemy, 10,000 or 15,000 strong, is pressing him, and he must fall back, losing Charleston, Virginia, the salt works, and possibly the railroad.
He has less than 4000 men!
But we have good news from England — if it be true.
The New York Express says Lord Lyons is instructed by England, and perhaps on the part of France and other powers, to demand of the United States an armistice; and in the event of its not being acceded to, the governments will recognize our independence.
One of the President's personal attendants told me this news was regarded as authentic by our government.
I don't regard it so.
Yesterday the whole batch of Plug Ugly policemen, in the Provost Marshal's department, were summarily dismissed by Gen. Winder, for malfeasance, corruption, bribery, and incompetence.
These are the bran
nston goes West.
President gives Gov. Pettit full authority to trade cotton to France.
Gen. Winder's late policemen have fled the city.
Their monste are upon the eve of most interesting events.
This is the time for England or France to come to the rescue, and enjoy a commercial monopoly for many years.
I think not be surprised if Seward were now to attempt to get the start of England and France, and cause our recognition by the United States.
I am sure the Abolitionists cstores, and reporting that the Democrats had swept the North, that England and France had recognized us, etc., they dashed out again.
The President sent to the dt what will the new one do?
The President is non-committal.
What a blunder France and England made in hesitating to espouse our cause They might have had any comtransmit orders to the generals to that effect.
He says the cotton is to go to France without touching any port in the possession of the enemy.
great battle on the Rappahannock.
I doubt it not.
I am sorry to see that Col. McRae, a gallant officer, has resigned his commission, charging the President with partiality in appointing junior officers, and even his subordinates, brigadiers over his head.
Nevertheless, he tenders his services to the Governor of his State, and will be made a general.
But where will this end?
I fear in an issue between the State and Confederate authorities.
The news from Europe is not encouraging.
France is willing to interfere, and Russia is ready to participate in friendly mediation to stay the effusion of blood-but England seems afraid of giving offense to the United States.
They refer to the then approaching elections in the North, and lay some stress on the anticipated change in public opinion.
What is it worth in the eyes of European powers?
If it be of any value, and if the voice of the people should be allowed to determine such contests, why not leave it to a vo
ten; but I do not perceive much substance in it, besides some eloquent reproaches of England and France for the maintenance of their neutrality, which in effect is greatly more beneficial to the Unitee.
President Davis will be found inflexible on that point.
There was a rumor yesterday that France had recognized us. The news of the disaster of Burnside at Fredericksburg having certainly been deemed very important in Europe.
But France has not yet acted in our behalf.
We all pray for the Emperor's intervention.
We suffer much, and but little progress is made in conscription.
Nearly allce of Mr. Benjamin with Messrs. Mason and Slidell. Lord John Russell is berated.
The Emperor of France is charged with a design to seize Mexico as a colony, and to recognize Texas separately, making
Strong and belligerent resolutions have been introduced in the United States Congress against France, for her alleged purpose to obtain dominion in Mexico.
It is violative of the Monroe doctrine.
upplies enough to suffice us for a year.
Before night, however, some twenty blockaders were in sight of the bar. It is not a question of right, or of might, with France and England-but of inclination.
Whenever they, or either of them, shall be disposed to relieve us, it can be done.
There was a fight near Suffolk yesterday, n reperusing Frederick's great campaigns, and find much encouragement.
Prussia was not so strong as the Confederate States, and yet was environed and assailed by France, Austria, Russia, and several smaller powers simultaneously.
And yet Frederick maintained the contest for seven years, and finally triumphed over his enemies.
Ted States Senate, which will empower the President to call for 3,000,000 men. Will they come, when he does call for them?
That is to be seen.
It may be aimed at France; and a war with the Emperor might rouse the Northern people again.
Some of them, however, have had enough of war.
To-day I heard of my paper addressed to the