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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
n March, Johnston evacuated Manassas. That evacuation was followed by the retirement Nathanibl P. Banks. of Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley, on the approach of Union troops under Generals Hamilton and Williams. March 11. He retreated to Mount Jackson, about forty miles above Winchester, where he was in direct communication with a force at Luray and another at Washington, on the eastern side of the mountain,. not far from Thompson's Gap. Shields pursued March 19 Jackson to his Marc haltihen far on its way toward Centreville. Banks, who was informed by telegraph of the battle, had already ordered it back. He also hastened to Winchester, took command in person, and followed the retreating Confederates up the valley almost to Mount Jackson. This demonstration of Jackson's, and information that he might instantly call re-enforcements to his aid, caused the retention of Banks's forces in the Shenandoah Valley, and the appointment of General James Wadsworth to the command of the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 15: the Army of the Potomac on the Virginia Peninsula. (search)
forces in Virginia at the close of April, when Stonewall Jackson, who, as we have observed, was driven up the Shenandoah Valley after his defeat by Shields at Kernstown, again commenced offensive operations. Jackson remained a few days at Mount Jackson, after his flight from Winchester, and then took a position between the South Fork of the Shenandoah and Swift Run Gap, eastward of Harrisonburg, in Rockingham County. There he was joined April 30, 1862. by the division of General R. S. Eweandoah Valley, which was skillfully won by the latter. On the following morning June 9, 1862. the National army began to retrace its steps, and, in the midst of a drenching rain, it reached Harrisonburg toward evening. Fremont fell back to Mount Jackson and Shields to New Market, when both commanders were called to Washington. Jackson re-crossed the Shenandoah and encamped at Weyer's Cave, June 12. two miles from Port Republic, and on the 17th he was summoned, with a greater portion of his