its allegiance, so that after the death of Charles I, Cromwell was forced to send troops and armed vessels of war to reduce it to subjection.
Unable to resist, they made a treaty with the Commonwealth of England, wherein Virginia was described as an Independent Dominion, this treaty being ratified in the same manner as with a foreign power.
Berkeley was then removed and another governor appointed; but the undaunted Colonel Richard Lee hired a Dutch vessel, freighted it himself, went to Brussels or Breda, surrendered up Sir William Berkeley's old commission — for the government of that province-and received a new one from his present Majesty, Charles II, a loyal action and deserving my commendation.
Introductis ad Latinum Blasoniam. By John Gibbons, Blue Man-tel, London, 1682. It is also said that he offered the exiled monarch an asylum in the New World.
It is certain that on the death of Cromwell he aided Governor Berkeley in proclaiming Charles II in Virginia King of England
made at a point where, if successful, he would have secured the great roads to Baltimore and Washington.
It was not unlike Napoleon's tactics at Waterloo; the artillery fire was opened there on the allied right, and Reille directed to carry Hougoumont, but the real plan of the great soldier was to break through Wellington's left center, which he ordered to be assaulted with D'Erlon's whole corps supported by Loban's, to drive back the allies on their own right, and secure the great road to Brussels before the helmets of the Prussian squadrons could be seen on the heights of St. Lambert.
Lee, too, was infused with the confidence of the fighting power of an army trembling with eagerness to rush upon the enemy, though occupying very strong positions and with a numerical superiority of at least thirty thousand.
The numbers on each side in this great contest have been variously given.
Colonel Walter Taylor, Lee's adjutant general, among whose duties was the consolidation of the corps
and then Pickett's assaulting column attempted to pierce the center and left center of the Union lines.
Count Reille managed to get nearly the whole of his corps engaged, but effected nothing.
Ewell got his troops early in action, but with no results.
The fighting of both had terminated before the main operations began.
Napoleon's object was to seize Mont St. Jean, in rear of Wellington's center, so as to possess himself of the principal avenue of retreat open to the Britishthe road to Brussels.
Lee's object was to get possession of the Baltimore pike and road to Westminster, Meade's chief route of retreat to his base of supplies.
D'Erlon was unsuccessful; so was Pickett.
Before the former moved out, the Prussians of Blicher were seen on the heights of St. Lambert; and the Sixth French Corps, instead of supporting the operations of the First Corps, as had been intended, was taken away and employed in resisting their progress.
The troops ordered to support General Pickett lay