Navigator; born about the middle of the sixteenth century; was first employed by English merchants, in 1607, to search for a northeastern passage to India.
He sailed from Gravesend on May 1, 1607, in a small vessel manned by only ten men and a boy—the latter his son. In lat. 80° N., on the eastern coast of Greenland, he was stopped by the ice-pack.
He fought the ice-floes and storms for many weeks, and then returned to England in September, bearing only the fruit of the discovery of the island of Spitzbergen.
Neither he nor his employers were disheartened, and late in April, 1608, he sailed again, expecting to make a passage between Spitzbergen and Nova Zembla.
Again he was compelled by the ice to turn back.
His employers were now discouraged, and Hudson went over to Holland and offered his services to the Dutch East India Company, and they were accepted.
On April 6, 1609, he sailed from Amsterdam in the Half Moon, a stanch vessel of 90 tons, and steered for