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Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, June, 1863. (search)
tel. After breakfasting, I started again for Augusta at 7 A. M. (174 miles); but the train had not we made up for it afterwards, and arrived at Augusta at 5.15 P. M. The country through Georgia so very common everywhere else. On reaching Augusta, I put up at the Planters'-house hotel, whichhan Tennessee. 7th June, 1863 (Sunday). Augusta is a city of 20,000 inhabitants; but its stre, who told me there were 2,000 volunteers in Augusta, regularly drilled and prepared to resist rairks here. My principal object in stopping at Augusta was to visit the powder manufactory and arsenbuild and to work the Government factories at Augusta, giving him carte blanche to act as he thoughed in the whole of the Southern States. The Augusta powder-mills and arsenal were then commenced, and skill of Colonel Rains. He told me that Augusta had been selected as a site for these works othe Government factory at Atlanta. I left Augusta at 7 P. M. by train for Charleston. My car w
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, July, 1863. (search)
iness, I sat down and had a long talk with General Pendleton (the parson), chief of artillery. He told me the exact number of guns in action yesterday. He said that the universal opinion is in favor of the 12-pounder Napoleon guns as the best and simplest sort of ordnance for field purposes. The Napoleon 12-pounders are smooth-bore brass guns, with chambers, very light, and with long range. They were invented or recommended by Louis Napoleon years ago. A large number are being cast at Augusta and elsewhere. Nearly all the artillery with this army has either been captured from the enemy or cast from old 6-pounders taken at the early part of the war. At 10 A. M. Lawley returned from headquarters, bringing the news that the army is to commence moving in the direction of Virginia this evening. This step is imperative from want of ammunition. But it was hoped that the enemy might attack during the day, especially as this is the 4th of July, and it was calculated that there was
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States, Postscript. (search)
dships of a military life. By these means, it is the opinion of the Confederates that they can keep their armies recruited up to their present strength for several years; and, if the worst comes to the worst, they can always fall back upon their negroes as the last resort; but I do not think they contemplate such a necessity as likely to arise for a considerable time. With respect to the supply of arms, cannon, powder, and military stores, the Confederates are under no alarm whatever. Augusta furnishes more than sufficient gunpowder; Atlanta, copper caps, &c. The Tredegar works at Richmond, and other foundries, cast more cannon than is wanted; and the Federal generals have always hitherto proved themselves the most indefatigable purveyors of artillery to the Confederate Government, for even in those actions which they claim as drawn battles or as victories, such as Corinth, Murfreesborough, and Gettysburg, they have never failed to make over cannon to the Southerners without ex