ssion, but failed in that particular, and was recalled in 1870.
The matter was finally settled by arbitration.
Much correspondence succeeded the efforts to settle by treaty.
Finally, in January, 1871, the British minister at Washington, Sir Edward Thornton, in a letter to Secretary Fish, proposed, under instructions from his government, a Joint High Commission, to be appointed by the two governments, respectively, to settle disputes of every kind between the United States and Great Britain, gland; Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar, late United States Attorney-General; and George H. Williams, United States Senator from Oregon. Queen Victoria appointed George Frederick Samuel, Earl de Gray and Earl of Ripon; Sir Stratford Henry Northcote; Sir Edward Thornton, her minister at Washington; Sir Alexander McDonald, of the privy council of Canada, and attorney-general of that province; and Montague Bernard, Professor of International Law in Oxford University.
The commissioners first met in Washingt
neral Taylor, April 12, the withdrawal of his troops within twenty-four hours. Taylor refused, and continued to strengthen Fort Brown.
Ampudia hesitated, when General Arista was put in his place as commander-in-chief of the Northern Division of the Army of Mexico.
He was strongly reinforced, and the position of the Army of Occupation became critical.
Parties of armed Mexicans soon got between Point Isabel and Fort Brown and cut off all intercommunication.
A reconnoitring party under Captain Thornton was surprised and captured (April 24) on the Texas side of the Rio Grande, when Lieutenant Mason was killed.
Having completed his fort, Taylor hastened to the relief of Point Isabel, May 1, which was menaced by a Mexican force, 1,500 strong, collected in the rear.
He reached Point Isabel the same day. This departure of Taylor from the Rio Grande emboldened the Mexicans, who opened fire upon Fort Brown, May 3, from Matamoras, and a large body crossed the river to attack it in the rear.