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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment 41 3 Browse Search
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 0 Browse Search
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events, Diary from December 17, 1860 - April 30, 1864 (ed. Frank Moore) 1 1 Browse Search
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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 3: up the St. Mary's. (search)
aptain Hallett,--this being by far the largest vessel, and carrying most of the men. Major Strong was in command upon the John Adams, an army gunboat, carrying a thirty-pound Parrott gun, two ten-pound Parrotts, and an eight-inch howitzer. Captain Trowbridge (since promoted Lieutenant-Colonel of the regiment) had charge of the famous Planter, brought away from the Rebels by Robert Small; she carried a ten-pound Parrott gun, and two howitzers. The John Adams was our main reliance. She was an o I must pass briefly over the few remaining days of our cruise. At Fernandina we met the Planter, which had been successful on her separate expedition, and had destroyed extensive salt-works at Crooked River, under charge of the energetic Captain Trowbridge, efficiently aided by Captain Rogers. Our commodities being in part delivered at Fernandina, our decks being full, coal nearly out, and time up, we called once more at St. Simon's Sound, bringing away the remainder of our railroad-iron, wi
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 4: up the St. John's. (search)
ng grove, which now afforded lurking ground for a daring enemy, must be cleared away; and a few houses must be reluctantly razed for the same purpose. The fort on the left was named Fort Higginson, and that built by my own regiment, in return, Fort Montgomery. The former was necessarily a hasty work, and is now, I believe, in ruins; the latter was far more elaborately constructed, on lines well traced by the Fourth New Hampshire during the previous occupation. It did great credit to Captain Trowbridge, of my regiment (formerly of the New York Volunteer Engineers), who had charge of its construction. How like a dream seems now that period of daily skirmishes and nightly watchfulness! The fatigue was so constant that the days hurried by. I felt the need of some occasional change of ideas, and having just received from the North Mr. Brook's beautiful translation of Jean Paul's Titan, I used to retire to my bedroom for some ten minutes every afternoon, and read a chapter or two.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 7: up the Edisto. (search)
onnection with that movement. It had been formed by Captain Trowbridge and myself in camp, and was based on facts learned fselves that these must now be much decayed, and that Captain Trowbridge, an excellent engineer officer, could remove them by to aid us in taking any further steps to secure it. Captain Trowbridge, who had by this time landed at a different point, g c-c-c- Tell me how many soldiers there are! roared Trowbridge, in his mighty voice, and all but shaking the poor old tbrought up for safety from below,--but no soldiers. Captain Trowbridge then got the John Adams beside the row of piles, andt was only a foolish attempt to alarm us. Meanwhile, Trowbridge was toiling away at the row of piles, which proved easit last, and transfer all remaining responsibility to Captain Trowbridge. Exhausted as I was, I could still observe, in a vae salt-embargo, the usual anticipations of voyagers. Trowbridge told me, long after, that, on seeking a fan for my benef
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 11: Florida again? (search)
e them by main force. So General Saxton rode away, and we worked away. Just as the last wagon-load but one was being transferred to the omnivorous depths of the Delaware,which I should think would have been filled ten times over with what we had put into it,--down rode the General with a fiendish joy in his bright eyes and held out a paper,--one of the familiar rescripts from headquarters. The marching orders of the First South Carolina Volunteers are hereby countermanded. Major Trowbridge, said I, will you give my compliments to Lieutenant Hooper, somewhere in the hold of that steamer, and direct him to set his men at work to bring out every individual article which they have carried in. And I sat down on a pile of boards. You will return to your old camping-ground, Colonel, said the General, placidly. Now, he added, with serene satisfaction, we will have some brigade drills! Brigade drills! Since Mr. Pickwick, with his heartless tomato-sauce and warming-pans,
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 12: the negro as a soldier. (search)
Chapter 12: the negro as a soldier. There was in our regiment a very young recruit, named Sam Roberts, of whom Trowbridge used to tell this story. Early in the war Trowbridge had been once sent to Amelia Island with a squad of men, under direction of Commodore Goldsborough, to remove the negroes from the island. As the offind a flat-boat which had been rejected as unseaworthy, got on board,--still under the old woman's orders,--and drifted forty miles down the river to our lines. Trowbridge happened to be on board the gunboat which picked them up, and he said that when the flat touched the side of the vessel, the grandmother rose to her full heightommissions for him and several others before I left the regiment, had their literary education been sufficient; and such an attempt was finally made by Lieutenant-Colonel Trowbridge, my successor in immediate command, but it proved unsuccessful. It always seemed to me an insult to those brave men to have novices put over their hea
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 13: Conclusion. (search)
y, 1865, the regiment was ordered to Charleston to do provost and guard duty, in March to Savannah, in June to Hamburg and Aiken, in September to Charleston and its neighborhood, and was finally mustered out of service — after being detained beyond its three years, so great was the scarcity of troops — on the 9th of February, 1866. With dramatic fitness this muster-out took place at Fort Wagner, above the graves of Shaw and his men. I give in the Appendix the farewell address of Lieutenant-Colonel Trowbridge, who commanded the regiment from the time I left it. Brevet Brigadier-General W. T. Bennett, of the One Hundred and Second United States Colored Troops, who was assigned to the command, never actually held it, being always in charge of a brigade. The officers and men are scattered far and wide. One of our captains was a member of the South Carolina Constitutional Convention, and is now State Treasurer; three of our sergeants were in that Convention, including Sergeant Prince
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, chapter 14 (search)
ty Billings, Civil Life, Nov. 1, 1862; Dismissed by Examining Board, July 28, 1863. John D. Strong, Promotion, July 28, 1863; Resigned, Aug. 15, 1864. Chas. T. Trowbridge, Promotion, Dec. 9, 1864; Mustered out, &c. Majors. John D. Strong, Civil Life, Oct. 21, 1862; Lt.-Col., July 28, 1863. Chas. T. Trowbridge, PromotChas. T. Trowbridge, Promotion, Aug. 11, 1863; Lt.-Col., Dec. 9, 1864. H. A. Whitney, Promotion, Dec. 9, 1864; Mustered out, &c. Surgeons. Seth Rogers, Civil Life, Dec. 2, 1862; Resigned, Dec. 21, 1863. Wm. B. Crandall, 29th Ct., June 8, 1864; Mustered out, &c. Assistant surgeons. J. M. Hawks, Civil Life, Oct. 20, 1862; Surgeon 3d S. C. Vol E. S. Stuard, Civil Life, Sept. 4, 1865; Mustered out, &c. Chaplain. Jas. H. Fowler, Civil Life, Oct. 24, 1862; Mustered out, &c. Captains. Chas. T. Trowbridge, N. Y. Vol. Eng., Oct. 13, 1862; Major, Aug. 11, 1863. Wm. James, 100th Pa., Oct. 13, 1862; Mustered out, &c. W. J. Randolph, 100th Pa., Oct. 13, 1862
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Appendix B: the First black soldiers. (search)
Appendix B: the First black soldiers. It is well known that the first systematic attempt to organize colored troops during the war of the rebellion was the so-called Hunter regiment. The officer originally detailed to recruit for this purpose was Sergeant C. T. Trowbridge, of the New York Volunteer Engineers (Col. Serrell). His detail was dated May 7, 1862, S. O. 84 Dept. South. Enlistments came in very slowly, and no wonder. The white officers and soldiers were generally opposed to the experiment, and filled the ears of the negroes with the same tales which had been told them by their masters,--that the Yankees really meant to sell them to Cuba, and the like. The mildest threats were that they would be made to work without pay (which turned out to be the case), and that they would be put in the front rank in every battle. Nobody could assure them that they and their families would be freed by the Government, if they fought for it, since no such policy had been adopted.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Appendix E: farewell address of Lt.-Col. Trowbridge. (search)
of hope and encouragement. The nation guarantees to you full protection and justice, and will require from you in return that respect for the laws and orderly deportment which will prove to every one your right to all the privileges of freemen. To the officers of the regiment I would say, your toils are ended, your mission is fulfilled, and we separate forever. The fidelity, patience, and patriotism with which you have discharged your duties, to your men and to your country, entitle you to a far higher tribute than any words of thankfulness which I can give you from the bottom of my heart. You will find your reward in the proud conviction that the cause for which you have battled so nobly has been crowned with abundant success. Officers and soldiers of the Thirty-Third United States Colored Troops, once the First South Carolina Volunteers, I bid you all farewell! By order of Lt.-Col. C. T. Trowbridge, commanding Regiment. E. W. Hyde, Lieutenant and Acting Adjutant.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Index. (search)
7. Stevens, Capt., 68. Stevens, Thaddeus, Hon., 287, 288. 231, Stickney, Judge, 41, 97, 107. Stockdale, W., Lt. 271. Stone, H. A., Lt., 271, 272. Strong, J. D., Lt.-Col., 65, 90,122,178, 181, 182, 269. 114, Stuard, E. S., Surg., 269. Sumner, Charles, Hon., 281. Sunderland, Col., 106. Sutton, Robert, Sergt., 41, 62, 70, 71, 75, 77, 82, 83, 86, 94, 198. Thibadeau, J. H., Capt., 270. Thompson, J. M., Capt., 270, 271 Tirrell, A. H., Lt., 272. Tonking, J. H., Capt., 270. Trowbridge, C. T., Lt.-Col., 65, 94,115, 168, 169, 172, 174, 175, 182, 237,243, 247, 258, 261, 265, 269, 270, 272, 274, 276, 286,292, 294, 9, 62, Trowbridge, J. A., Lt., 271. Tubman, Harriet, 11. 272. Twichell, J. F., Lt.-Col. 117, 122. ,270. Vendross, Robert, Corp., 265. 28. Walker, G. D., Capt., 270. Walker, William, Sergt., 280, 289. Washington, William, 21. 271. Watson, Lt., 100. Webster, Daniel, IHon., 1. 16, 34, Weld, S. M., 225. 1, 64, West, H. C., Lt., 271. 226, West, J. B., Lt., 271. 8
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