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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 16 0 Browse Search
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac 14 0 Browse Search
H. Wager Halleck , A. M. , Lieut. of Engineers, U. S. Army ., Elements of Military Art and Science; or, Course of Instruction in Strategy, Fortification, Tactis of Battles &c., Embracing the Duties of Staff, Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineers. Adapted to the Use of Volunteers and Militia. 8 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: August 28, 1863., [Electronic resource] 6 0 Browse Search
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee 5 1 Browse Search
Alfred Roman, The military operations of General Beauregard in the war between the states, 1861 to 1865 5 3 Browse Search
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 8: Soldier Life and Secret Service. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 4 0 Browse Search
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 4 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac. You can also browse the collection for Turenne or search for Turenne in all documents.

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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 4 (search)
. The second project, that of making a counter-move on Richmond, would have been correct and at the same time very bold and brilliant. Such an operation has several illustrious precedents, of which one of the best known and most striking is Turenne's counter to Montecuculi in 1675. Montecuculi, commanding the Imperial army, after a series of beautiful manoeuvres, began to cross the Rhine at Strasburg for the purpose of falling upon the French force; but Turenne, nothing disconcerted, thrTurenne, nothing disconcerted, threw a bridge over the river three miles below Strasburg, and, transferring his whole army to German ground, compelled Montecuculi to make a hasty return. There is little doubt that a direct march of the whole army on Richmond on the morning of the 27th, would have had the effect to recall Lee to the defence of his own communications and the Confederate capital, which was defended by only twenty-five thousand men. General Magruder, who had command of the Confederate forces on the right bank o
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 6 (search)
s generalin-chief. Here his ability to plan campaigns and form large strategic combinations, which was remarkable, would have had full scope; and he would have been considerate and helpful to those in the field. But his power as a tactician was much inferior to his talent as a strategist, and he executed less boldly than he conceived: not appearing to know well those counters with which a commander must work-time, place, and circumstance. Yet he was improving in this regard, and was like Turenne, of whom Napoleon said that he was the only example of a general who grew bolder as he grew older. To General McClellan personally it was a misfortune that he became so prominent a figure at the commencement of the contest; for it was inevitable that the first leaders should be sacrificed to the nation's ignorance of war. Taking this into account, estimating both what he accomplished and what he failed to accomplish, in the actual circumstances of his performance, I have endeavored in t
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 11 (search)
e to an attack in front, in every case where, by this means, a position may be carried. This principle in military art is too well established to require that it should be fortified by authority; but Napoleon, in a criticism on the conduct of Turenne in the campaign of 1655, sets forth the action of that general in a statement of principles so different from those followed by General Grant, that I cannot avoid citing it here. Turenne, says he, constantly observed the two maxims: 1st, Never Turenne, says he, constantly observed the two maxims: 1st, Never attack a position in front, when you can obtain it by turning it; 2d, Avoid doing what the enemy wishes, and that simply because he does wish it. Shun the field of battle which he has reconnoitred and stud ied, and more particularly that in which he has fortified and intrenched himself.—Montholon and Gourgaud: Memoirs of Napoleon, vol. III., p. 95. Moreover, this was the means by which, eventually, after a heavy waste of life, the enemy was dislodged from these lines. It results that such ass
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, chapter 12 (search)
was not stayed until he reached the lower passes of the Blue Ridge, whither he retired with a loss of half his army. Sheridan, after pushing the pursuit as far as Staunton, and operating destructively against the Virginia Central Railroad, returned and took position behind Cedar Creek near Strasburg. Previously to abandoning the country south of Strasburg, it was laid waste by the destruction of all barns, grain, forage, farming implements, and mills. The desolation of the Palatinate by Turenne was not more complete. General Sheridan's dispatch reciting the destruction of the Shenandoah Valley is in the following words: In moving back to this point, the whole country, from the Blue Ridge to the North Mountain, has been made entirely untenable for a rebel army. I have destroyed over two thousand barns filled with wheat and hay and farming implements; over seventy mills filled with flour and wheat; have driven in front of the army over four thousand head of stock, and have kille
William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, Index. (search)
Commissariat. Sumner, General, in command of pursuit of Johnston, 112; at battle of Williamsburg, 118; at battle of Savage's Station, 156; report on his desire to occupy Fredericksburg, 234; on the morale of the army, 256. Three months campaign, the, in 1861, 26. Tucker, Mr., Assistant Secretary of War, directed, with General Mc-Clellan, the transportation to the Peninsula, 100. Turner's Gap, McClellan's right and centre at, 202; the Confederate force at, 202; battle of, 203. Turenne's counter to Montecuculi in 1675, 147. Twiss on justifiable desolations by armies, 560. Valley of Humiliation, the Shenandoah Valley called, 318. Virginia, her vote to secede, 13; the theatre of the war, 13, 15, 18; river and mountain defensive systems of, 19; preparations for war—--Governor Letcher's call for, 26; first entered by the Federal army (for further—see Manassas and subsequent campaigns), 30; winter operations, difficulties of, 73; see also West Virginia. Wadsworth,