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John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 7: Baltimore. (search)
ople desired to adhere to the Union, and at an election for members of a State convention held in February the majority of professedly Union men chosen was as three to one. But when this convention met, it appeared that many of these so-called Unionists had trifled with their constituents, and finally betrayed their trust; they were Unionists only upon conditions to which the Union would never consent. Governor Letcher, of Virginia, also labored in secret activity to promote secession. ThereUnionists only upon conditions to which the Union would never consent. Governor Letcher, of Virginia, also labored in secret activity to promote secession. There was a pestiferous clique of radical disunionists about Richmond, and, under an outward show of qualified loyalty, the conspiracy was almost as busy and as potent in the Old Dominion as in the Cotton States themselves. When Sumter fell, all this hidden intrigue blazed out into open insurrection. The convention, notwithstanding many previous contrary votes, held a secret session on April 17th, and passed an ordinance of secession, eighty-eight to fifty-five. The gradual but systematic arming
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 8: Washington. (search)
flag would float over the dome of the capitol before the first of May. There was, therefore, great doubt about the disposition and loyalty of the resident population; and the startling succession of disasters to the Union cause created a profound impression. Virginia's secession on the 17th; Harper's Ferry lost on the 18th; Baltimore in arms, and the North effectually cut off on the 19th; the Gosport Navy Yard sacrificed on the 20th--where would the tide of misfortune stop? Wavering Unionists found no great difficulty in forecasting the final success of rebellion; sanguine secessionists already in their visions saw the stars and stripes banished to the north of Mason and Dixon's line. Whatever the doubt, there was no other present resource but to rely largely upon the good faith and order of Washington City. The whole matter had been under the almost constant investigation of General Scott and his subordinates since January; and officers of earnestness and good judgment a
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 10: Missouri. (search)
hide their defeat in joining certain pointed declarations by the convention against secession, and adjourning its sittings to the following December, trusting their chances to a more pliant and treasonable legislature; hoping to bring about a policy of arming the State under pretence of local defence, and committing it to a neutral attitude under plea of local security. In all their efforts, however, they met the constant and determined watchfulness and opposition of zealous and fearless Unionists, among whom Frank P. Blair, junior, was a conspicuous leader. It so happened, also, that in this State a small detachment of the regular army was, for the first time, rendered useful in thwarting the local development of disunion. At the city of St. Louis was an arsenal belonging to the United States, containing a considerable quantity of arms and ammunition. To obtain these was from the beginning, as in other States, a prime object of Governor Jackson and his co-conspirators. They
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 11: Kentucky. (search)
law having required such an oath from the officers alone. While Kentucky was thus settling down into an attitude of official neutrality, active popular undercurrents were busy in contrary directions. The more ardent secession leaders who raised companies to serve in the field, despairing of obtaining commissions, arms, and active duty from Governor Magoffin, quietly departed to obtain enlistment in the various rebel camps of the South. On the other hand, there were many unconditional Unionists in Kentucky who openly scouted the policy of neutrality, and who from the first were eager that the Government should begin enlistments and gather an armed force to support the Union sentiment in the State. Colonels Guthrie and Woodruff opened a recruiting office on the Ohio side of the river, and as early as May 6th mustered two regiments into service, nominally as the First and Second Kentucky Volunteers, though in reality the men were principally from Ohio and Indiana. Notwithstan
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 12: West Virginia. (search)
atify; West Virginia, comparatively free, voted to reject the Secession Ordinance. This event both justified and sustained the movements of the West Virginia Unionists and the Government. If General McClellan had needed any further reasons for an active military interference, they were furnished by the fact that Porterfield be success of this first dash at the enemy not only had the happiest effect in inspiriting the Union troops, but it also encouraged and fortified the West Virginia Unionists in their political scheme of forming a new State. On the day after the Philippi races, as the skirmish was facetiously nicknamed, a previously concerted agreemehad a largely preponderating force in the State, it was considerably depleted by the local garrisons necessary to protect the railroad, and to give confidence to Unionists in exposed towns. For the immediate work in hand General Morris had five or six regiments at Philippi, confronting Garnett; McClellan Field of the West Virgi
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Chapter 13: Patterson's campaign. (search)
s occupation of Baltimore, and the sweeping political reaction in Maryland. But, meanwhile, the rebels had established a strong camp at Harper's Ferry, and Patterson's close attention was thus very naturally transferred to that point. The three months troops could not be used in distant undertakings. Here, however, was a worthy enterprise at the very threshold of Pennsylvania, which, successfully prosecuted, would protect Maryland, relieve the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, encourage Virginia Unionists, and recover lost prestige. Patriotic pride, political security, and military advantage seemed, to the minds of both Patterson and Scott, to present combined reasons for an early recapture of Harper's Ferry. For this purpose, Patterson, about the first of June, concentrated his available troops at Chambersburg, Pa., and on the third of that month issued an address to the regiments under his command, announcing that you will soon meet the insurgents. Orders from General Scott, how
John G. Nicolay, The Outbreak of Rebellion, Index. (search)
ion during and after the battle, 181-205; in charge of the Virginia defences, 208 McLean's Ford, 176, note McRee, Fort, 38 Memphis, 133 Miles, General D. S., commands Fifth Division on advance to Manassas, 174; misconduct and suspension of, 199, 204 Militia, first call for, 73 et seq. Milroy, Colonel, 152 et seq. Melvale, 90 Mississippi, attitude of, with regard to secession, 2, 8; secession of, 14 Missouri, attitude of, with regard to secession, 52, 80, 115; Unionists of, 120; without local government, 124; rescued from secessionists, 125, 131, 133 Mitchell's Ford, 176, note Montgomery, 92 Morgan, Fort, 79 Morris, General, 143, 147, 151 Morton, Governor, 129 Moultrie, Fort, 21 et seq., 28; seizure of, 32 N. National property in the Southern States, 15; seizure of, by secessionists, 16; S. Carolina Commissioners treat for delivery of, 27 Nelson, Lieut., William, U. S. N., 131 et seq. New York City, proposition for secession
o Sherman in Kentucky. 615; endeavors to postpone the attack at Bull Run, 618. Campbell, Judge John A., his opinion in Dred Scott's case, 258; 430; letter to Gov. Seward, 433-4; The Albany Evening Journal on, 632. camp Carlile, Ohio, Virginia Unionists at, 520. camp Cole, Mo., a Union regiment routed at, 575. camp Jackson, Mo., captured by Lyon, 490; 49L Canterbury, Conn., mob violence at, 127. Carlile, Col., (Union,) moves against Jeff. Thompson at Fredericktown, Mo., 591. Virginia, 519. Panama, the Congress at, 267-8. Parker, Amasa J., President of the Tweddle Hall Convention, 388; his speech, 389; 396. Parker, Mr., of S. C., remarks of, in the Secession Convention, 345. Parkersburg, Va, occupied by Unionists, 512. Parkville Luminary, The, Mo., destroyed, 238-9. Parrott, Lieut. E. G., takes the Savannah, 598. Parsons, Gen., (Rebel,) in Northern Missouri,587. Pate, H. Clay, whipped at Black-Jack, 244. Patterson, Com., destroys a Florid
Arrival of prisoners. --The Danville train yesterday brought in 45 prisoners, in custody of Captain Phelps, of Floyd's cavalry, and a guard of eleven men. These prisoners are all Virginia Unionists, except two Ohio soldiers. They were captured by our cavalry in Wayne, Kanawha, Boone, and Raleigh counties, on the 24th of October, while they were holding an election under the bogus Government of Wheeling. The poll-books, lists of voters, &c., were also secured. The whole number of prisoners taken was 58, of whom 8 were shot as deserters from our camps, and five others, who had taken the oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, and were found with poll-books in their hands, were left behind to be tried for treason. As a general thing, this party have a more respectable appearance than the majority of their stripe now in our prisons, but there are some hard looking customers amongst them.
s be improper to speak fully at this time. Yesterday signals were discerned and read at this station to a distance of forty miles in an air line, so pure was the atmospheric medium. Lieutenant W. W. Rowley, of the Twenty-eighth New York Volunteers, has been appointed Assistant Superintendent, and Lieut. F. R. Shattuck, of the Massachusetts Twelfth, Quartermaster of this division. Arrangements are now being made to extend the communication to a much greater extent. Prominent Unionists in this county have conveyed intelligence to the proper authorities that "peace" candidates or their friends have been promulgating the doctrine that if they are elected Maryland will escape the taxation and drafting of militia contingents upon a vigorous prosecution of the war against rebellion. The sum of this teaching can only be construed into a proposed or ultimate resistance to the enactments of Congress, and rebellion to the Federal authorities. The muster rolls of this divisi