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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Foreign affairs. (search)
Foreign affairs. On Sept. 18, 1775, the Continental Congress appointed Messrs. Welling, Franklin, Livingston, Alsop, Deane, Dickinson, Langdon, McKean, and Ward a secret committee to contract for the importation from Europe of ammunition, small-arms, and cannon, and for such a purpose Silas Deane was soon sent to France. By a resolution of the Congress, April 17, 1777, the name of this committee was changed to committee of foreign affairs, whose functions were like those of the present Secretary of State (see cabinet, President's). Foreign intercourse was first established by law in 1790. President Washington, in his message, Jan. 8, 1790, suggested to Congress the propriety of providing for the employment and compensation of persons for carrying on intercourse with foreign nations. The House appointed a committee, Jan. 15, to prepare a bill to that effect, which was presented on the 21st. It passed the House on March 30. The two Houses could not agree upon the provisions of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Welling, James Clarke 1825-1894 (search)
Welling, James Clarke 1825-1894 Educator; born in Trenton, N. J., July 14, 1825; graduated at Princeton College in 1844; studied law, which he abandoned in 1848 when he was made principal of the New York Collegiate School; was literary editor of the National Intelligencer, published in Washington, in 1850-65. In this paper he warmly supported the Union cause and was a strong advocate of Lincoln's early policy of paying loyal owners for their freed slaves, but did not support the Emancipation Proclamation. He became president of St. John's College, Annapolis, in 1867, and four years later accepted the presidency of Columbian College in Washington, D. C. He died in Hartford, Conn., Sept. 4, 1894.