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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The opening of the lower Mississippi. (search)
n his gallant resistance, and further to inform him that, if his answer was unfavorable, I would renew the bombardment. General Duncan sent me a very civil reply, but declined to surrender until he should hear from New Orleans; whereupon I immediately opened a very rapid fire on Fort Jackson with all the mortars, and with such good effect that a mutiny soon broke out among the Confederate gunners, many of whom, refusing to stay in the fort and be slaughtered uselessly, left Clifton and Westfield, Altered New York City Ferry-boats. Owasco. Harriet Lane. mortar-steamers attacking the water-battery of Fort Jackson. their posts and went up the bank out of range of our shell. Those who remained declined to fight any longer. They had borne without flinching a terrible bombardment, and their officers had exposed themselves throughout the trying ordeal with great courage; but it was now the opinion of all that the fort should be surrendered without further loss of life. The mortars
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The opposing forces in the operations at New Orleans, La. (search)
12 1 166 17 9 26 192 mortar division. vessels. 13-in. mortar. 11-in. S. B. 10-in. S. B. 9-in. S. B. 8-in. S. B. 32-pdr. S. B. 100-pdr. R. 80-pdr. R. 50-pdr. R. 30-pdr. R. 20-pdr. R. 6-in. Sawyer Rifte, Total guns. Howitzers. Total including Howitzers. 24-pdr. 12-pdr. Total. Harriet Lane       3                 3 2   2 5 Owasco   1                 1   2 2   2 4 Clifton       2   4       1     7       7 John P. Jackson       1   4           1 6       6 Westfield       1 4   1           6       6 Miami       2 One of these was transferred from the Colorado.       1         3 4   4 7 Portsmouth         16           1   17   1 1 18 Nineteen Mortar Schooners 19         38             57       57 Total mortar division 19 1   9 20 46 1 1   1 2 1 101 8 1 9 110 Total ships and gun-boats   13 2 88 27 10 1 3 1 8 12 1 166 17 9 26 192 Total fleet 19
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 13: the capture of New Orleans. (search)
, Lieutenant Ransom, 5; Wissahickon, Lieutenant A. N. Smith, 5; Pinola, Lieutenant Crosby; Kennebec, Lieutenant Russell, 5; Sciota, Lieutenant Donalson, 6; schooner Kittatinny, Lieutenant Lamson, 9; Miami, Lieutenant Harroll, 6; Clifton, 5; and Westfield, Captain Renshaw, 6. There were twenty mortar-vessels, in three divisions, the first, or Red, of six vessels, under Lieutenant Watson Smith, in the Norfolk Packet; the second, or Blue, of seven vessels, commanded by Lieutenant Queen, in the T.ding faith in our ultimate success. At sunset on the 23d, April, 1862. Farragut was ready for his perilous forward movement. The mortar-boats, keeping their position, were to cover the advance with their fire. Six gun-boats (Harriet Lane, Westfield, Owasco, Clinton, Miami, and Jackson, the last towing the Ports-mouth) were to engage the water-battery below Fort Jackson, but not to make an attempt to pass it. Farragut, with his flag-ship Hartford, and the equally large ships Richmond and B
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 22: the siege of Vicksburg. (search)
y by the sharp-shooters and the fear of the Lane's captured cannon, now in the custody of the Confederates, and she withdrew to a safe distance. Meanwhile the Westfield, Renshaw's flag-ship, which went out to meet the Confederate steamers in Bolivar Channel, had run hard aground at high tide, and signaled for assistance, when th of truce came to her commander, Lieutenant Law, with a demand for a surrender of the fleet. Law refused, and time was given to communicate with Renshaw, on the Westfield. He, too, rejected the proposal, ordered the National vessels and troops to escape, and, as he could not get his own ship off, he resolved to blow it up, and witer Green, and about a dozen of the crew, perished by the explosion. Nearly as many officers and men were killed in the Commodore's gig, lying by the side of the Westfield. In the mean time, while flags of truce were flying on the vessels and on shore, the Massachusetts troops, with artillery (which they had not) bearing upon th
y. Meantime, Duncan reported from Fort Jackson that he had suffered very little, though 25,000 13-inch shells had been fired at him, whereof 1,000 had fallen within the fort. (We had actually fired 5,000 only.) God is certainly protecting us, was his assurance. Farragut's arrangements for passing the forts were completed at sunset. April 23. The mortar-boats, retaining their stations, were to cover the advance with their utmost possible fire. Six small steamers — the Harriet Lane, Westfield, Owasco, Clinton, Miami, and Jackson, the last towing the Portsmouth — were to engage the water battery below Fort Jackson, but not attempt to pass. Capt. Farragut himself, with his three largest ships — the Hartford, Richmond, and Brooklyn — was to keep near the western bank, fighting Fort Jackson ; while Capt. Bailey, with the Cayuga, Pensacola, Mississippi, Oneida, Varuna, Katahdin, Kineo, and Wissahickon, was to hug the eastern bank, exchanging compliments with Fort St. Philip. Capt.
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 8: from Hatteras to New Orleans. (search)
e divisions to take part in running by the forts. The mortar boats were to remain in position, and aid the attack with the quickest fire possible. How quick that fire was, I had personal inspection. Following Farragut's division up to the forts in my headquarters boat as he went by, I came within six hundred yards, and saw eleven mortar shells, their fuses burning, in the air at the same time. The six small steamers belonging to the mortar fleet, Porter commanding,--the Harriet Lane, Westfield, Owasca, Clifton, Miami, and Jackson, the last named towing the sloop of war Portsmouth,--were to engage the water battery below Fort Jackson, but were not to attempt to pass the forts. The Hartford, Richmond, and Brooklyn, Farragut commanding, were to advance upon Fort Jackson. The Cayuga, Pensacola, Mississippi, Oneida, Varuna, Katahdin, Kineo, and Wissahickon, Capt. Theodorus Bailey commanding, were to proceed along the eastern bank and attack Fort St. Philip as they passed. Ca
nt the Tennessee up to Baton Rouge with provisions for Commodore Porter and the gunboats stationed at that place. On the night of the fifth, she returned with information that the enemy had made a combined attack upon Baton Rouge by the ram and two gunboats, Webb and Music, and calling for assistance. At daylight the Hartford was under weigh for this place with orders for the other vessels to follow me as fast as ready. I arrived here to-day at twelve M., in company with the Brooklyn, Westfield, Clinton, Jackson, and Sciota. I had sent the Cayuga up before me, agreeable to a request of Gen. Butler, in consequence of the guerrillas firing into some of his transports. On my arrival I was informed by Commodore W. D. Porter that yesterday morning at two o'clock, the enemy's forces under Gen. Breckinridge attacked Gen. Williams, drove in his pickets, etc. General Williams, having had ample warning, was all prepared for him. The fight was continued with great energy on both sides unt
e attacked by about five thousand (5,000) of the enemy, who gained possession of the island by a bridge from the main land, which had been left unimpaired during the entire occupation of the island by our forces. The naval forces were attacked at the same time by the cotton-clad gunboats of the enemy, which resulted in the capture of our land force, numbering two hundred and sixty men, including their officers, the steamer Harriet Lane, two coal transports, and a schooner; and the steamer Westfield was blown up by its commanding officer. The losses in killed and wounded were but slight. The balance of the regiment did not arrive at Galveston Island until the second of January, the day after the attack. Upon the discovery of the condition of affairs by the capture of one of the rebel pilots, they returned to New Orleans. This attack upon our forces had been in contemplation for a long time. It succeeded solely because the bridge connecting the island with the main land had been
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The most daring feat — passing the forts at New Orleans (search)
om the old Colorado to the little gunboat Cayuga, and was to be made up of the Pensacola, Mississippi, Oneida, Varuna, Katahdin, Kineo, and Wissahickon; Farragut led the second, or center, division, composed of the Hartford, Brooklyn, and Richmond, and Captain Bell, in the Sciota, headed the third, having under his command the Iroquois, Kennebec, Pinola, Itasca, and Winona. Commander Porter, with his little squadron of six armed steamers, the Harriet Lane, Owasco, Clifton, John P. Jackson, Westfield, Miami, and Portsmouth, was to stay back with the nineteen mortar schooners that continued to pour their great shells into the forts during the passage of the fleet. General Lovell, in command of the defenses of New Orleans, did not depend entirely upon Colonel Higgins' gunners in Forts St. Philip and Jackson to keep Farragut away from the city. A considerable fleet of war vessels, some belonging to the Government and some to the State, were in the river, and Huger, Commander of the
. This condition remained without any material change until the 8th of the following October, when Commander Renshaw with a fleet of gunboats, consisting of the Westfield, Harriet Lane, Owasco, Clifton, and some transports, approached so near the city as to command it with his guns. Upon a signal, the mayor pro tem came off to th Harriet Lane to the commander on the Clifton, who said that he was not the commander of the fleet, and would communicate the proposal to the flag officer on the Westfield. Flags of truce were then flying on the enemy's vessels, as well as on shore. Commander Renshaw refused to accede to the proposition, directing the commander ofClifton to get all the vessels, including the Corypheus and Sachem, which had recently joined, out of the port as soon as possible, and that he would blow up the Westfield, and leave on the transport lying near him with his officers and crew. In attempting to execute this purpose, Commander Renshaw and ten or fifteen others perish
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