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ressed, said Blair, the President of the Council, with modesty and dutiful submission; but under the calmest language, uttering a protest against the right of Parliament to tax America for a revenue. The party of Bedford, and the Duke himself, spoke openly of the necessity of employing force to subdue the inhabitants of Boston, and to make a striking example of the most seditious, in order to inspire the other Colonies with terror. Frances to Choiseul, 29 July, 1768. This policy, said Weymouth, will be adopted. Shelburne, on the contrary, observed, that people very much exaggerated the difficulty; that it was understood in its origin, its principles, and its consequences; that it would be absurd to wish to send to America a single additional soldier, or vessel of war, to reduce Colonies, which would return to the mother country of themselves from affection and from interest, when once the form of their contributions should be agreed upon. Frances to Choiseul, 29 July, 1768.
L.} 1769. May. the meeting, was of their opinion. Had not Grafton and Camden consented to remove Shelburne, the measure would have been carried, and American independence indefinitely postponed. But Rochford, the new Secretary, with Gower and Weymouth adhered to Hillsborough. The fearful responsibility of deciding fell to Lord North. Of a merciful disposition and of rare intelligence, he was known to be at heart for the repeal of the tax on tea. Franklin's Letters of 18 March, 1770, and 5. to give his deciding vote in the Cabinet against the repeal, which the Duke of Grafton, the head of his Board, had proposed and advocated. Besides the Autobiography of the Duke of Grafton, compare the speeches of the Duke of Grafton and of Weymouth in the House of Lords, 5 March, 1776; in Force VI. 312. Now, indeed, the die was cast. Neither the Bedford party, nor the King meant to give up the right to tax; and they clung to the duty on tea, as an evidence of their lordly superiority.
ent equally tranquil and resolved. In the King's letter to Lord North of the 23 January, the King writes, My mind is more and more strengthened in the rightness of the measure. That implies previous consideration of the measure. Conway hinted at trying Rockingham and his friends. I know their disposition, said the King, and I will not hear of them. As for Chatham, I will abdicate the crown sooner than consent to his requirements. Before the world knew of the impending change, he sent Weymouth and Gower, of the Bedford party, to press Lord North in the most earnest manner to accept the office of First Lord Commissioner of the Treasury; King to Lord North, 23 Jan. 1770. and he preceded their visit by a friendly autograph note of his own. Lord North did not hesitate; and the King exerted all his ability and his ten years experience to establish the Minister of his choice, teaching him how to flatter Conway, King to Lord North, 29 Jan 1770. and how to prevent desertion. On
6 October, 1770; Choiseul to Frances, 7 October, 1770. Frances to Choiseul, 4 Nov. 1770; Choiseul to Frances, 4 Nov. 1770; Choiseul to Frances, 3 Dec. 1770. But Weymouth was haughty and unreasonable. War is inevitable, said Harcourt to Choiseul. If the English are bent on war, wrote Choiseul to Frances, all that I can say is unWeymouth, 14 and 16 December, 1770, which confirm exactly the desire of peace expressed by Choiseul. Lord North gained honor by allowing Chap. XLVI.} 1770. Dec. Weymouth to retire, and standing firmly for peace; but it was Choiseul's moderation which prevented a rupture. On the twenty-fourth of December the ablest French Ministettracted to itself that part of the Opposition which was composed of Grenville's friends. Now that he was no more, Suffolk became Secretary of State, instead of Weymouth; and Thurlow being promoted, Wedderburn, whose credit for veracity Lord North so lately impeached, and who in his turn had denied to that Minister honor and resp
hile every part of the continent rung the knell of colonial subjection. A new nation was bursting into life. Boston was so strictly beleaguered, that it was only from the islands in and near the harbor that fodder, or straw, or fresh meat could be obtained for the British army. On Sunday May 21. morning, the twenty-first of May, about sunrise, it was discovered, that they were attempting to secure the hay on Grape Island. Three alarm guns were fired; the drums beat to arms; the bells of Weymouth and Braintree were set a ringing; and the men of Weymouth, and Braintree, and Hingham, and of other places, to the number of two thousand, swarmed to the sea side. Warren, ever the bravest among the brave, ever present where there was danger, came also. After some delay, a lighter and a sloop were obtained; and the Americans eagerly jumped on board. The younger brother of John Adams was one of the first to push off and land on the island. The English retreated, while the Americans set f
that they regard as just and honorable whatever is advantageous to their own nation or destructive to their rivals. Their statesmen never calculate the actual amount of ill which France does them, but the amount of ill which she may one day be able to do them. The opposition seem to have embraced the same general maxims; and the ministry may seize the only way of extricating themselves from their embarrassment by giving up the reins to Chatham, who, with Shelburne, Sandwich, Richmond, and Weymouth, may come to terms with the Americans, and employ the enormous mass of forces put in activity, to rectify the conditions of the last treaty of peace, against which they have ever passionately protested. Englishmen of all parties are persuaded that a popular war against France or an invasion of Mexico would terminate, or at least allay, their domestic dissensions, as well as furnish resources for the extin- Chap. LXI.} 1776. Mar. guishment of their national debt. In the midst of so man
thout the least concert with him, he thought himself perfectly free from all engagements concerning them. Grantham to Weymouth, 19 Feb., 1778. Ibid., 24 Mar., 1778. After these assertions, which were made so directly and so solemnly that they werrestore; and he answered, that while France supported the colonies in rebellion no negotiation could be entered into. Weymouth to Grantham, 20 May, 1778. But, as both Great Britain and Spain were interested in preserving colonial dependency, he inGrantham by M. de Florida Blanca, and transmitted in Lord Grantham's No. 56, 28 Sept., 1778. Indifferent to threats, Weymouth in October gave warning of the fatal consequence to the Spanish monarchy of American independence; and from a well-considered policy refused in any event to concert with other governments the relations of his country to its colonies. Weymouth to Grantham, 27 Oct., 1778. Meantime Florida Blanca continued to fill the courts of Europe with declarations that Spain woul
aside the modified proposal as an absolute, if not a distinct, concession of all the rights of the British crown in the thirteen colonies, under the additional disadvantage of making it to the French, rather than to the Americans themselves. Weymouth to Grantham, 16 March, 1779. If independence was to be conceded to the new states, Lord Wey- Chap. VIII.} 1779. mouth held that it must be conceded directly to congress, that it might be made the basis of all the advantages to Great Britain which so desirable an object might seem to be worth. Weymouth to Grantham, 16 March, 1779, and Ibid., 4 May, 1779. Uncontrolled by entangling connections, England reserved to itself complete freedom in establishing its relations with America, whether as dependencies or as states. This policy was so founded in wisdom, that it continued to be the rule of Great Britain for a little more than eighty years. Meantime Vergennes, on the twelfth of February, Feb. 12. forwarded the draft of a conven
th his American policy riveted every able statesman in a united opposition. He had no choice of ministers but among weak men. So the office made vacant by the death of Lord Suffolk, the representative of the Grenville party, was reserved for Hillsborough. His American sentiments, said the king, make him acceptable to me. Yet it would have been hard to find a public man more ignorant or more narrow; more confused in judgment or faltering in action; nor was he allowed to take his seat till Weymouth had withdrawn. To unite the house of Bourbon in the war, France had bound herself to the invasion of England. True to her covenant, she moved troops to the coasts of Normandy and Brittany, and engaged more than sixty transport vessels of sixteen thousand tons' burden. The king of Spain would not listen to a whisper on the hazard of the undertaking, for which he was to furnish no contingent, and only the temporary use of twenty ships to help in crossing the channel. Florida Blanca, who
rooks Mercy, daughter of Dr. Simon Tufts, Sr., and Abigail (Smith), born Oct. 19, 1742; married Thomas Brooks, son of Samuel and Mary (Boutwell), Dec. 29, 1762. pray let her know that I receiv'd her kind letter and would have answered it, but the time is so short. . . . In the meantime present her with 50 Sp Doll'rs on the Account of it as from me and charge it to your acct against me . . . . If an opportunity offers send me as below 1 or 2 Small Kegs of Mackerel for private use. Weymouth or Rh Island Cheese for private use. Bottled Cyder if the cork can be secured for private use. a few white beans in a cask for private use. Cape Town 20th March 1801. It certainly has been and yet is my intention to visit my native country if the Ship which I expected would touch here on her return from Manila would have room for a Passenger. . . . Your children I dare say are promising well and will I hope prove a source of pleasure to you and my sister I assure You that some time or
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