it required their best personal efforts to hold the men to their work.
This accomplished, Beauregard took command on the field, while Johnston went to the rear to hurry up reenforcements from his army arriving from the Valley.
The Confederates had now been forced back a mile and a half, and the Union force had cleared its front completely across the Warrenton road; the Stone Bridge was uncovered, and McDowell drew up his line on the crest gained, with Heintzelman's division (brigades of Wilcox and Howard) on the right, supported by part of Porter's brigade and the cavalry under Palmer, and Franklin's brigade of Heintzelman's division; Sherman's brigade of Tyler's division in the centre; and Keyes' brigade of Tyler's division on the left.
Beauregard reformed his forces on the plateau beyond.
His line of battle consisted of about six thousand five hundred men, thirteen pieces of artillery, and two companies of Stuart's cavalry.
The definitive possession of this plateau now beca
otomac into three Grand Divisions of two corps each
The Right Grand Division was composed of the Second Corps under General Couch and the Ninth Corps under General Wilcox.
The Centre Grand Division, of the Third Corps under General Stoneman and the Fifth Corps under General Butterfield.
The Left Grand Division, of the First Cing a sharp skirmish in the upper streets of the town; and the next day, under cover of a fog, the other divisions of Couch's corps, and the Ninth Corps under General Wilcox (thus including the entire Right Grand Division under Sumner), passed to the south side of the Rappahannock.
At the same time, Franklin crossed several diviso make the attack with a single division, supported by another.
Of the two corps composing Sumner's Grand Division, Couch's (Second) corps occupied the town, and Wilcox's (Ninth) held the interval between the left of Couch and the right of Franklin's command.
The attack, therefore, fell to the lot of Couch; and, in accordance wi
burg, General Lee had left behind Early's division of four brigades and Barksdale's brigade of McLaws' division.
In addition to this force, the Confederate General Wilcox, who, with his brigade, had been holding position at Banks' Ford, moved up to join Barksdale, but arrived too late to take part in the action, though he playehold him inactive, Lee instantly countermarched from Hooker's front a force sufficient, in conjunction with the troops under Early, to check or destroy Sedgwick.
Wilcox's brigade, which had been held at Banks' Ford, was already in position to meet him; and in addition, Lee forwarded the brigade of Mahone of Anderson's division an—at Salem Heights, near the junction of the plankroad and the turnpike.
It was now towards four o'clock in the afternoon.
One of the Confederate brigades, under Wilcox, already held the crest at Salem Chapel, and McLaws was proceeding to form his brigades on his right and left; but Sedgwick threw forward Brooks' division, suppor
des in front and Armistead's brigade supporting; while on the right of Pickett was one brigade of Hill's corps, under General Wilcox, formed in column by battalions; and on his left, Heth's division (also of Hill's corps), under General Pettigrew.
Tew's troops broke in disorder, leaving two thousand prisoners and fifteen colors in the hands of Hays' division.
Now, as Wilcox's brigade had not advanced, Pickett's division remained alone a solid lance—head of Virginia troops, tempered in the fire leave the field till he learned the tidings of the discomfiture of the enemy.
After the repulse of Pickett's assault, Wilcox's command, that had been on the right but failed to move forward, advanced by itself to the attack, and came to within a nt. which took it in flank and rear, capturing several hundred prisoners: the rest fled.
It had not been designed that Wilcox should attack, but simply cover, the right flank of Pickett's assaulting column.
But he did not move forward with suffic
ith the utmost vigor in what Lee justly calls repeated and desperate assaults;
The enemy subsequently concentrated against General Hill, who, with his own and Wilcox's divisions, successfully resisted the repeated and desperate assaults.—Lee: Dispatch, May 5.
From General Hancock's official report I extract the following deplankroad.
The combined attack overpowered the Confederates, and after an hour's severe contest, the whole hostile front was carried, and Hill's divisions under Wilcox and Heth were driven for a mile and a half through the woods under heavy loss and back on the trains and artillery and the Confederate headquarters.
I use here, distant a mile and a half.
Nothing more than a heavy skirmish line was at first met, the only Confederate force at the moment present being a single brigade of Wilcox's divison of Hill's corps, under command of Colonel Brown.
But this was soon re-enforced by the three other brigades of the division,
The brigades of Scales,
inactive for above half an hour.
Portions of the other two divisions, under Generals Potter and Wilcox, then advanced, but they also huddled into the crater, or sought cover behind the breastworks, wll clung to their vantage-ground on the railroad.
In the midst of the action, the commands of Wilcox and White of the Ninth Corps (about two thousand in all), opportunely came up; whereupon, Warren two.
Yet the re-enforcements forwarded to Hancock—to wit, Mott's division of his own corps and Wilcox's division of the Ninth corps—were ordered to take up their march by the plankroad, the distancences above referred to as causing delay are thus detailed by Hancock:
As soon as I knew that Wilcox's division had been ordered down the plankroad, I dispatched a staff-officer to conduct it up. Ad form them into regiments.
This order, it appears, was handed by the orderly bearing it to General Wilcox, who, not observing the address to Colonel McAllister, opened the order, and thinking it add
r of all the bearings of the Union commander's operations.
Unaware that Grant had already removed three of the four divisions that had been confronting the Richmond force, Lee retained Longstreet where he was, but instructed his lieutenant to move to the Petersburg side as soon as he should detect any weakening of the adverse lines.
(Not till four days afterwards, and when too late, did Longstreet detect how feeble was the force opposed to him). On the Petersburg side were the divisions of Wilcox, Pickett, Bushrod Johnson, and the remnant of Ewell's corps, now under Gordon.
Taking from these corps all he dared—two divisions and three brigades—he assembled a force of about fifteen thousand, and with this he hurried to the protection of his menaced right.
He left behind him six or seven thousand men in the Petersburg intrenchments; but as these were strung out to garnish nine miles of breastwork, they made little more than sentinels.
To the force set foot-free, Lee added Fitz Lee's
le for the peach orchard, 349; close of the action on the left, 354; Ewell's attack on the Union extreme right, 354; losses of the first two days, 355; the third day—Lee resolves to attack on Culp's Hill, 356; Meade's line on Culp's Hill regained, 356; the artillery combat of the third day, 357; battery positions on the third day, 357; the Confederate column of attack, 358; Pickett's assault on Cemetery Ridge, 359; the panic of Pettigrew's raw troops, 359; surrender of Pickett's troops, 361; Wilcox's attack on Hancock, and its failure, ends the battle, 362; Lee's shattered army returns to its lines on Seminary Ridge, 363; Lee remains a day at bay before retreating, 363; the retreat of Lee, 363; losses on both sides, 363.
Glendale—see Newmarket Cross-roads.
Goldsborough, Admiral, and the navy at Yorktown, 104.
Grant's overland campaign, 402; appointed to command all the armies, 403; his theory of action, 404; establishes headquarters with the Potomac army, 405; on concentric op