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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Statement of General J. D. Imboden. (search)
many declaring their readiness to renounce allegiance to it and take up arms with us. The old routine was resumed at Andersonville, but it was not destined to continue long. Before any further communication reached me from Saint Augustine, General Wilson, with a large body of cavalry, approached Georgia from the West. It was evident that his first objective point was Andersonville. Again conferring with Generals Cobb and Pillow, and finding we were powerless to prevent Wilson's reaching AndWilson's reaching Andersonville, where he would release the prisoners and capture all our officers and troops there,it was decided without hesitation again to send the prisoners to Jacksonville and turn them loose, to make the best of their way to their friends at Saint Augustine. This was accomplished in. a few days, the post at Andersonville was broken up, the Georgia State troops were sent to General Cobb at Macon, and in a short time the surrender of General Johnston to Sherman, embracing all that section of co
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The treatment of prisoners during the war between the States. (search)
dge Shea, at the instance of Mr. Greeley and Vice-President Wilson, went to Canada to inspect the journals of ted to me, from recollecting conversations with Mr. Henry Wilson, the previous April, while we were together atr of war. I did consult with such friends, and Mr. Henry Wilson, Governor John A. Andrew, Mr. Thaddeus Stevens on this matter. At the instance of Mr. Greeley, Mr. Wilson and, as I was given to understand, of Mr. Stevensy me and submitted to Mr. Greeley, and in part to Mr. Wilson. The result was, these gentlemen, and those othe indictment for treason. In aid of this project, Mr. Wilson, chairman of the Committee of Military Affairs, otime, and necessarily caused people to infer that Mr. Wilson, at least, was not under the too common delusion . Davis individually; and a short time after this Mr. Wilson went to Fortress Monroe and saw Mr. Davis. The vaccuracy. These men — Andrew, Greeley, Smith and Wilson — have each passed from this life. The history of
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6.35 (search)
od or pursue his raid through Georgia and the Carolinas, thus left open to him. He did not long debate, but selecting such corps and divisions as would make up a well organized army of 65,000 men, he sent the debris to Thomas. He even dismounted Wilson's cavalry to furnish the cavalry reserved with his own wing with a better remount, and sent Wilson with his men dismounted to help Thomas to beat Hood, while he marched on his way to the sea with none to make him afraid. General Lee once said Wilson with his men dismounted to help Thomas to beat Hood, while he marched on his way to the sea with none to make him afraid. General Lee once said of Sherman's march to the sea: There was nothing to oppose him, and the only military problem to be solved was a simple calculation as to whether his army could live on the country by taking all the people had. It was well for Sherman and for his government that the general with whom he dealt so hardly was not of a temper to be apalled by the dangers of the position in which Sherman had thus placed him. It is charitable to believe that in making these dispositions for his own movements and
ubordinates, all of whom had smelled powder. The latter office might be in charge of an experienced soldier recently commissioned, or of a man ambitious for such preferment. The flaming advertisements with which the newspapers of the day teemed, and the posters pasted on the bill-boards or the country fence, were the decoys which brought patronage to these fishers of men. Here is a sample:-- More Massachusetts Volunteers Accepted!!! Three Regiments to be Immediately Recruited! Gen. Wilson's regiment, To which Capt. Follett's battery is attached; Col. Jones‘ gallant Sixth regiment, which went through Baltimore ; the N. E. Guards regiment, commanded by that excellent officer, Major J. T. Stevenson. The undersigned has this day been authorized and directed to fill up the ranks of these regiments forthwith. A grand opportunity is afforded for patriotic persons to enlist in the service of their country under the command of as able officers as the country has yet furnishe
cers' messes. The canning of meats, fruits, and vegetables was then in its infancy, and the prices, which in time of peace were high, by the demands of war were so inflated that the highest of high privates could not aspire to sample them unless he was the child of wealthy parents who kept him supplied with a stock of scrip or greenbacks. It can readily be seen that his thirteen dollars a month (or even sixteen dollar, to which the pay was advanced June 20, 1864, through the efforts of Henry Wilson, who strove hard to make it twenty-one dollars) would not hold out a great while to patronize an army sutler, and hundreds of the soldiers when the paymaster came round had the pleasure of signing away the entire amount due to them, whether two, three, or four months pay, to settle claims of the sutler upon them. Here are a few of his prices as I remember them:-- Butter (warranted to be rancid), one dollar a pound; cheese, fifty cents a pound; condensed milk, seventy-five cents a can
iameter of the whole design, surrounded by a wreath of laurel. Through the circle a wide red band passes vertically. From the wreath radiate rays in such a manner as to form a heptagon with concave sides. Seven hands spring from the wreath, each grasping a spear, whose heads point the several angles of the heptagon. Sheridan's Cavalry Corps had a badge, but it was not generally worn. The device was Gold crossed sabres on a blue field, surrounded by a glory in silver. The design of Wilson's Cavalry Corps was a carbine from which was suspended by chains a red, swallow-tail guidon, bearing gilt crossed sabres. The badge of the Engineer and Pontonier Corps is thus described: Two oars crossed over an anchor, the top of which is encircled by a scroll surmounted by a castle; the castle being the badge of the U. S. corps of engineers. As a fact, however, this fine body of men wore only the castle designed in brass. The badge of the Signal Corps was two flags crossed on the
for this purpose, yet, being strapped tightly to the body of the animal, they felt his every motion, thus making them an intensely uncomfortable carriage for a severely wounded soldier, so that they were used but very little. The distinguished surgeon Dr. Henry I. Bowditch, whose son, Lieut. Bowditch, was mortally wounded in the cavalry fight at Kelly's Ford, voiced, in his Plea for an ambulance system, the general dissatisfaction of the medical profession with the neglect or barbarous treatment of our wounded on the battle-field. This was as late as the spring of 1863. They had petitioned Congress to adopt some system without delay, and a bill to that effect had passed the House, but on Feb. 24, 1863, the Committee on Military Affairs, of which Senator Henry Wilson was chairman, reported against a bill in relation to Military Hospitals and to organize an Ambulance Corps, as an impracticable measure at that time, and the Senate adopted the report, and there, I think, it dropped.
p or down hill a liberal allowance was made for balky or headstrong mules. Colonel Wilson, the chief commissary of the army, in an interesting article to the United e the trials of a train quartermaster. At the opening of the campaign in 1864, Wilson's cavalry division joined the Army of the Potomac. Captain Ludington (now lieutof it, and with what it was loaded. Captain Ludington informed him that it was Wilson's cavalry supply train, loaded with forage and rations. These facts the aid rely to Meade, who sent him back again to inquire particularly if that really was Wilson's cavalry train. Upon receiving an affirmative answer, he again carried the sandstill, he rode up and asked:-- What train is this? The supply train of Wilson's cavalry Division, was the reply of a teamster. Who's in charge of it? lls, the threatened shooting of General Sheridan, and the original order of General Wilson, which. was to be on hand with the supplies at a certain specified time an
ts, 139; 40th Massachusetts, 270; 7th Michigan, 391; 7th New Hampshire, 248; 33rd New York, 277; 60th New York, 287; 72nd Pennsylvania, 312; 10th Vermont, 246; Artillery: 1st Maine, 319; 10th Massachusetts, 278; Cavalry: 10th New York, 139; Engineers: 15th New York, 378; 50th New York, 378, 384, 393 United States Christian Commission, 64-65 Taylor, Zachary, 25 412 Vicksburg, 57, 383 Vining's Station, Ga., 400 Wadsworth, James S., 369 Warren, Gouverneur K., 246,308, 349,367,406 Warrenton Sulphur Springs, Va., 239 Washington, 19,23,30, 120,162, 189,198,218,244,250-52,258, 265,298,303,315,318-19,331, 355,396 Wauhatchie, Tenn., 295 413 Waverly Magazine, 333 Weitzel, Godfrey, 268 Weldon and Petersburg Railroad, 246,327,351 West Roxbury, Mass., 44 Wilcox's Landing, Va., 237, 391 Wilderness, The, 177, 181,238,308, 323-24,331,339,342,363-64, 375,378,384 Wilson, Henry, 225,315 Wilson, James H., 267,372-75 Wilson's Creek, 118 Worcester, Mass., 44
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Army Life in a Black Regiment, Chapter 12: the negro as a soldier. (search)
or so many months together. As well might he who has been wandering for years upon the desert, with a Bedouin escort, discuss the courage of the men whose tents have been his shelter and whose spears his guard. We, their officers, did not go there to teach lessons, but to receive them. There were more than a hundred men in the ranks who had voluntarily met more dangers in their escape from slavery than any of my young captains had incurred in all their lives. There was a family named Wilson, I remember, of which we had several representatives. Three or four brothers had planned an escape from the interior to our lines; they finally decided that the youngest should stay and take care of the old mother; the rest, with their sister and her children, came in a dug-out down one of the rivers. They were fired upon, again and again, by the pickets along the banks, until finally every man on board was wounded; and still they got safely through. When the bullets began to fly about th
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