tongs, accusing him of blunders, and charging him with not making a proper disposition of his troops, and letting the cavalry block the advance of the infantry.
Sheridan was equally fiery, and, smarting under the belief that he was unjustly treated, all the hotspur in his nature was aroused.
He insisted that Meade had created the trouble by countermanding his (Sheridan's) orders, and that it was this act which had resulted in mixing up his troops with the infantry, exposing to great danger Wilson's division, which had advanced as far as Spottsylvania Court-house, and rendering ineffectual all his combinations regarding the movements of the cavalry corps.
Sheridan declared with great warmth that he would not command the cavalry any longer under such conditions, and said if he could have matters his own way he would concentrate all the cavalry, move out in force against Stuart's command, and whip it. His language throughout was highly spiced and conspicuously italicized with expletive
ld have done under similar circumstances; but he had by this time become familiar with Lee's methods, and had very little apprehension that he would take the offensive.
Nevertheless, Hancock was ordered to take every precaution against a possible assault.
The withdrawal of the army was conducted with consummate skill, and furnishes an instructive lesson in warfare.
In the first place, the enemy had to be deceived and thrown off his guard to make the movement at all safe.
For this purpose Wilson's division of cavalry was transferred to the right of the army on May 25, and ordered to cross the North Anna and proceed to Little River on Lee's extreme left, and make a vigorous demonstration, to convey the impression that there was a movement of the army in that direction with a view to turning Lee's left.
This was done so effectually that Lee telegraphed to Richmond the next morning: From present indications the enemy seems to contemplate a movement on our left flank.
During the nigh
trees in the vicinity seemed to suggest such a name; but it was ascertained afterward that the name Cold Harbor was correct, that it had been taken from the places frequently found along the highways of England, and means shelter without fire.
On May 28 Sheridan was pushed out toward Mechanicsville to discover the enemy's position, and after a sharp fight at Haw's Shop, drove a body of the enemy out of some earthworks in which it was posted.
That night the Ninth Corps crossed the river.
Wilson's cavalry division remained on the north side until the morning of the 30th to cover the crossing of the trains.
General headquarters had crossed the Pamunkey on the pontoon-bridge in the afternoon of May 28, after a hard, dusty ride, and had gone into camp on the south side.
In the mean time Lee had moved his entire army rapidly from the North Anna, and thrown it between our army and Richmond.
On the morning of the 29th, Wright, Hancock, and Warren were directed to moye forward and ma
o the enemy's main line.
Warren's line was long and thin, and his troops, from the position they occupied, could not do much in the way of assaulting.
These demonstrations against the enemy's left were principally to keep him engaged, and prevent him from withdrawing troops to reinforce his right.
Warren had cooperated with Burnside in driving Early from the Shady Grove road, upon which he had advanced and made an attack.
Gordon had attacked Warren's center, but was handsomely repulsed.
Wilson's division of cavalry, which had returned from destroying the Virginia Central Railroad, moved across the Totopotomoy to Haw's Shop, drove the enemy from that place, made a further advance, carried some rifle-pits and held them for an hour, but was unable to connect with Burnside's infantry, and withdrew to Haw's Shop.
The reports received by General Grant were at first favorable and encouraging, and he urged a continuance of the successes gained; but finding the strength of the position
could rely implicitly, and whom he was compelled to take into his secret in order to make the necessary preparations.
The orders for the movement were delivered to commanders in the strictest confidence.
Smith's corps began its march that night to White House, its destination having been changed from Coles's Landing on the Chickahominy; and on its arrival it embarked for Bermuda Hundred, the position occupied by Butler in the angle between the James River and the Appomattox.
A portion of Wilson's division of cavalry which had not accompanied Sheridan pushed forward to Long Bridge on the Chickahominy, fifteen miles below Cold Harbor.
All the bridges on that river had been destroyed, and the cavalry had to dismount and wade across the muddy stream under great difficulty; but they soon succeeded in reaching the opposite bank in sufficient numbers to drive away the enemy's cavalry pickets.
A pontoon-bridge was then rapidly constructed.
Warren had kept close to the cavalry, and on
movement against the Weldon Railroad
where Pocahontas saved John Smith
General James H. Wilson's raid
the staff enlarged
On June 21 Butler had thrown a pontoon-bridge across the James, and seized a positf the James, and the probabilities were that it would be detained there by Sheridan for some days, it was decided to send Wilson's division of cavalry, which had remained with the Army of the Potomac, and four regiments of the cavalry of the Army of rn, but that station was still in the hands of the enemy.
The destruction of communications by Hunter, Sheridan, and Wilson gave the enemy serious alarm; but by dint of great effort he in time made the necessary repairs, and was again able to br felt anxious about the fate of the cavalry and the progress of Wright's corps, which had been sent to Reams's Station to Wilson's relief, but did not reach there in time.
He rode out to the Petersburg front with his staff, held interviews with Mead
purpose of destroying the railroads, the James River Canal, and the factories in that section of country used for the production of munitions of war. Stoneman was to start upon a raid from east Tennessee with 4000 men, with a view to breaking up the enemy's communications in that direction.
Canby, who was in command at New Orleans, was to advance against Mobile, Montgomery, and Selma.
In the movement on Mobile, Canby had at least 45,000 men. Thomas was to send a large body of cavalry under Wilson into Alabama.
The movements of our forces in the West were intended not only to destroy communications, but to keep the Confederate troops there from being sent East to operate against Sherman.
Sherman was to march to Columbia, South Carolina, thence to Fayetteville, North Carolina, and afterward in the direction of Goldsborough.
Schofield was to be transferred from Tennessee to Annapolis, Maryland, and thence by steamer to the Cape Fear River, for the purpose of moving inland from ther