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Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 6: Jackson's Valley campaign (search)
e Valley. death of Ashby. Port Republic, June 8. cross Keys, June 8. Port Republic, June 9. Winder repulsed. Taylor's charge. after effects. Before taking up the history of affairs before Riould have been. The second trouble was Jackson's impatience, which defeated his own purpose. Winder's brigade, leading his column, began to cross the bridge about 4.45 A. M., and Jackson was near nto battle before enough troops were brought up, was sure to result in more or less disaster. Winder's brigade, about 1500 strong, with two batteries, first attacked the Federal centre. It was notnd capturing a gun which they succeeded in carrying off. Other troops were arriving to reenforce Winder, but they were arriving too slowly. The Federal commander saw a chance to defeat his adversary sudden bursting out of so severe a battle at this vital point at once relieved the pressure upon Winder's centre. Taylor had a desperate fight, the battery being taken and retaken and taken again, be
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
the time consumed before they were able to make their power felt in the battle. This required from one to two hours. Winder, commanding Jackson's division, reports: — Left bivouac near Totopotomoy Creek at about 5 A. M., being in the rear ofnever before heard on this continent. It was about seven o'clock when at last D. H. Hill, Ewell, Lawton, and a part of Winder were all hotly engaged in the swampy tangle in front of the Federal right, and, though in great confusion, were making heheir left, Whiting's two brigades had just arrived, being directed by Lee as they approached from Cold Harbor, and two of Winder's brigades were also close at hand. A. P. Hill's brigades, though much diminished, were still holding their lines, and Leginnings, but pressed to success by Whiting's two brigades supported by Longstreet on our extreme right, by Lawton's and Winder's brigades in the centre, and by D. H. Hill with Garland's and parts of Ripley's and Rodes's brigades upon our left. H
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 8 (search)
w Bridge, and passing in rear of Magruder and Huger to move by the Darbytown, the next road to the right. Ewell from Despatch Station was to rejoin Jackson. Jackson, with the largest force, was directed to pursue by the shortest and most direct route. He was to cross the Chickahominy over the Grapevine bridge, across which Porter had retreated, and which he had partially torn up, and to press directly upon McClellan's rear with his whole force. This comprised his own three brigades under Winder, Ewell's three, D. H. Hill's five, Whiting's two, and Lawton's one, — in all 14 brigades, nearly 25,000 strong. Looking back upon the course of events, it is interesting to inquire wherein lay the weakness of this order, apparently so simple and obvious in its execution. Yet the pursuit, from this moment, was bootless and a failure. It did capture a few guns and prisoners, but it paid for them in blood a price far beyond their value. There were two ways in which Lee might have pursued.
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 9 (search)
's brigades had also fallen back. Ransom's brigade had come up to my support from Gen. Huger. It moved too far to the left and became mixed up with a mass of troops near the parsonage on the Quaker road, suffering much and effecting little. Gen. Winder was sent up by Gen. Jackson, but he came too late, and also went to the same belt of woods near the parsonage, already overcrowded with troops. Finally Gen. Ewell came up, but it was after dark, and nothing could be accomplished. I advised ht direct roads, and his troops having been least engaged during the Seven Days. Two of the four brigades of his own division had been so little exposed as to have had together but two killed and 26 wounded, in the whole campaign. His 3d brigade, Winder's, had had but 75 casualties at Gaines Mill, and 104 at Malvern. Lawton's brigade, and Ewell's and Whiting's divisions, had only been severely engaged at Gaines Mill. Longstreet, with A. P. Hill's and his own divisions, was on the 2d moved ar
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 10: Cedar Mountain (search)
o delay on Hill's part; and to Jackson's division (now commanded by Winder) getting ahead. Winder presently found his line of march intersectWinder presently found his line of march intersected by Ewell's. It was also charged that Hill showed little zeal, being offended that Jackson, with his usual reticence, had given him no infor about 3 P. M. on the 9th before Ewell's division on the right, and Winder's on the left, had formed line in front of Banks's corps, which hadson and opened upon the enemy's lines and batteries. The left of Winder's division rested along the front edge of a considerable body of wowith his whole force. The right of his line overlapped the left of Winder's division, and taking it in flank and pressing vigorously, it entie under Garnett, and threw the whole division into much confusion. Winder himself had been killed by a cannon-shot in the preliminary artille's brigades, and the line reestablished, by Branch's, Archer's, and Winder's brigades, was very desperate, as is shown by the casualties of so
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 12: Boonsboro or South Mountain, and Harper's Ferry (search)
gstreet'sMcLawsKershaw, Semmes, Cobb, Barksdale5 Anderson, R. H.Wilcox, Armistead, Mahone, Pryor, Featherstone, Wright4 Jones, D. R.Toombs, Drayton, Garnett, Kemper, Jenkins, Anderson, G. T.4 Walker, J. G.Walker, J. G. Ransom2 EvansEvans, Hood, Law3 Reserve ArtilleryWashington Artillery, Lee's Battalion10 Total 1st Corps5 Divisions21 Brigades, 28 Batteries, 112 Guns28 2d Corps Jackson'sEwellLawton, Trimble, Early, Hays7 Hill, A. P.Branch, Archer, Gregg, Pender, Field, Thomas7 JacksonWinder, Jones, J. K., Taliaferro, Starke6 Hill, D. H.Ripley, Garland, Rodes, Anderson, G. B. Colquitt4 Total 2d Corps4 Divisions19 Brigades, 24 Batteries, 100 Guns24 ArtilleryPendletonPendleton's Reserve, 58 Guns12 CavalryStuartHampton, Lee F., Robertson, 14 Guns3 Aggregate2 Corps, 10 Divisions43 Brigades, 284 guns, 55,000 Men67 CORPSDIVISIONSBRIGADESBATTS. 1st CorpsKingPhelps, Doubleday, Patrick, Gibbon4 HookerRickettsDuryea, Christian, Hartsuff2 MeadeSeymour, Magilton, Gallagher4 2d
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 13: Sharpsburg or Antietam (search)
y41923 Total126826871039 Evans's Brigade4018565290 S. D. Lee's Art.117586 Washington Art.428234 Agg. Longstreet's Corps986525413107550 BRIGADESKILLEDWOUNDEDMISSINGTOTAL 986525413107550 Ewell's Div. Lawton10644721574 Trimble272038238 Early181679194 Hays452892336 Total1961106401342 A. P. Hill's Div. Branch241544182 Archer22161183 Gregg381882228 Pender12103115 Field Field's not engaged. Thomas Thomas's brigade absent. Total966066708 J. R. Jones's Div. Winder117788 Johnson, B. T. Johnson made no brigade report, but losses have been estimated to conform to the division report.36116152 Taliaferro41132173 Starke8118917287 Total16951417700 D. H. Hill's Div. Ripley110506124740 Garland46210187443 Rodes111289225625 Anderson64299202565 Colquitt129518184831 Hill's Art430337 Total46418529253241 Reserve Artillery347 Cavalry1045661 Agg. Jackson's Corps93841279946059 Grand Aggregate Confed.19249381230413,609 Federal casualties