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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 22 0 Browse Search
Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. 10 0 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 3, April, 1904 - January, 1905 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Connecticut (search)
o 1657 John Winthrop1657 to 1658 Thomas Welles1658 to 1659 John Winthrop1659 to 1665 Until this time no person could be elected to a second term immediately following the first. Governors of the New Haven colony Name.Date. Theophilus Eaton1639 to 1657 Francis Newman1658 to 1660 William Leete1661 to 1665 Governors of Connecticut Name.Date John Winthrop1665 to 1676 William Leete1676 to 1683 Robert Treat1683 to 1687 Edmund Andros1687 to 1689 Robert Treat1689 to 1698 Fitz John Winthrop1698 to 1707 Gurdon Saltonstall1707 to 1724 Joseph Talcott1724 to 1741 Jonathan Law1741 to 1750 Roger Wolcott1750 to 1754 Thomas Fitch1754 to 1766 William Pitkin1766 to 1769 Jonathan Trumbull1769 to 1784 Mathew Griswold1784 to 1786 Samuel Huntington1786 to 1796 Oliver Wolcott1796 to 1798 Jonathan Trumbull1798 to 1809 John Treadwell1809 to 1811 Roger Griswold1811 to 1813 John Cotton Smith1813 to 1817 Oliver Wolcott1817 to 1827 Gideon Tomlinson1827 to 1831 John S. Peters1
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cotton, John 1585-1652 (search)
so influential that he has been called The patriarch of New England. He was a firm opponent of Roger Williams, and defended the authority of ministers and magistrates. He and Davenport were invited to assist in the assembly of divines at Westminster, but were dissuaded from going by Hooker. He died in Boston, Dec. 23, 1652. God's promise to his plantations.— The following sermon, to which a large historical importance has been given, was preached in England, as a farewell address to Winthrop's Massachusetts Company (see Winthrop, John), and the first London edition of it was published in 1630: 2 Sam. 7. 10. Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israell, and I will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their owne, and move no more. In the beginning of this chapter we reade of Davids purpose to build God an house, who thereupon consulted with Nathan about it, one Prophet standing in neede of anothers help in such waightie matters. Nathan incourageth the K
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cromwell the buccaneer. (search)
Cromwell the buccaneer. One of the earliest of the famous buccaneers was Captain Cromwell, who had been a common sailor in New England. In 1646 he was in command of three fast-sailing brigantines, filled with armed men, and was driven into the harbor of New Plymouth by a storm. Cromwell, under the authority of a sort of second-hand commission from High-Admiral (Earl of) Warwick, had captured in the West Indies several richly laden Spanish vessels. These freebooters spent money freely at Plymouth. Cromwell and his men soon afterwards went to Boston, where he lodged with a poor man who had helped him when he was poor, and gave him generous compensation. Winthrop, who had lately been re-elected governor, received from this freebooter an elegant sedan-chair captured in one of his prizes, designed as a gift by the viceroy of Mexico to his sister.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Endicott, John, 1589- (search)
Endicott, John, 1589- Colonial governor; born in Dorchester, England, in 1589; was John Endicott. sent by the Massachusetts Company to superintend the plantation at Naumkeag; arrived there Sept. 6 (N. S.), and in April next year was appointed governor of the colony, but was succeeded by John Winthrop. In 1636 he was sent with Captain Underhill, with about ninety men, on an expedition against Indians on Block Island and the Pequods. Mr. Endicott was deputy-governor of Massachusetts several years, and also governor, in which office he died, March 15, 1665. Bold, energetic, sincere, and bigoted, he was the strongest of the Puritans, and was severe in the execution of laws against those who differed from the prevailing theology of the colony. He was one of the most persistent persecutors of the Quakers, and stood by unmoved, as governor, when they were hanged in Boston; and so violent were his feelings against the Roman Catholics, and anything that savored of popery, that he ca
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Haven, Samuel Forster 1806-1881 (search)
Haven, Samuel Forster 1806-1881 Archaeologist; born in Dedham, Mass., May 28, 1806; graduated at Amherst College in 1826; became a lawyer, and practised in Dedham and Lowell. His published addresses include a Centennial address; Records of the Company of the Massachusetts Bay to the embarkation of Winthrop and his associates for New England; History of grants under the Great council for New England, etc.; and his longer works include Archaeology of the United States; and an edition of Thomas's History of printing in America. He died in Worcester, Mass., Sept. 5, 1881.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hutchinsonian controversy, the. (search)
in life and conversation. Hence their austerity. While the Boston churches, under the influence of Mrs. Hutchinson, inclined to embrace her doctrines, ex-Governor Winthrop and most of the clergy throughout the colony denounced her as antinomian, and the pretended personal union with the Holy Ghost as no better than blasphemy. The governor and Cotton and Wheelwright supported her views, while most of the magistrates, ex-Governor Winthrop, and the clergy of the colony were her stern and active opponents. They were cautious, however, how they condemned their favorite doctrine of faith and free grace; but they zealously upheld the necessity of a system s ablaze with excitement. Men of opposite opinions sometimes came to blows; families were divided, and society was fearfully rent. In the midst of the turmoil, Winthrop was elected (1637) governor, and the orthodox party claimed a triumph. The Hutchinsonians were beaten, but not subdued. The theological questions raised by Mrs
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), La Tour, Charles -1656 (search)
ed to give the vessel intimations of danger, and under cover of night he and his wife were conveyed on board of her, and sailed for Boston, to seek the aid of the colony of Massachusetts in defence of their rights. La Tour was permitted by Governor Winthrop to fit out a small naval and military force at Boston. He chartered five vessels, mounting forty pieces of cannon, and procured eighty volunteers for the land service and fifty sailors. When the armament appeared, D'Aulnay raised the blocrefuge under the guns of his own fort at Port Royal, where two of his vessels were wrecked. La Tour would have captured that stronghold, had not the New Englanders left him before their term of service had expired. D'Aulnay sent a protest to Winthrop against this violation of neutrality, and a copy of the order for La Tour's arrest. A treaty of peace was concluded in 1644. Meanwhile the intrepid Madame La Tour was in England obtaining supplies for her husband's fort. On her return, she wa
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts, (search)
entirely from the Old Testament. It was found that they were not adapted to a state of society so different from that of the Hebrews in the time of Moses, and Rev. Nathaniel Ward, who was familiar with the Roman as well as the Jewish laws, drew up a code which was substituted for Cotton's in 1641. The first article of this code provided that the rights of person and property vested in the citizen should be inviolate, except by express law, or, in default of that, by the Word of God. Governor Winthrop did not approve of Mr. Ward's adaptation of Greek and Roman laws. He thought it better that the laws should be taken from the Scriptures rather than on the authority of the wisdom and justice of those heathen commonwealths. The Body of liberties compiled by Mr. Ward was really the first constitution of Massachusetts Bay. In 1651 Roger Williams and John Clarke were appointed agents to seek in England a confirmation of the Rhode Island charter. Before their departure, Mr. Clarke,
ofessor John W., 9. West Cambridge, 53. West Indies, 19. West Medford, Mass., 3. Weston, Mass., 74. Weymouth, Mass., 18. Whittemore, —, 69. Willoughby, Francis, 79. Wilmington, Mass., 2, 7, 11. Wilson.——, 30. Wilson's Tavern, 2. Winchester, Mass., 3. Windmill, or Town Hill, 48. Windmill Hill, Watertown, 52. Winnepesaukee, N. H., 37. Winter Hill, Somerville, 3, 19, 88. Winthrop, Adam, 25. Winthrop, Adam, Esq., 35. Winthrop, Ann, 32. Winthrop, Anne, 25. Winthrop, Fitz John, 35. Winthrop, Fort, 30. Winthrop, Henry, 29, 33. Winthrop, Governor, John, 25, 26, 31, 33, 36. Winthrop, John, 25-36. Winthrop, John, Character of, 35, 36. Winthrop, John, Extracts from the Diary of, 25, 26, 29, 31, 32. Winthrop, John, Residences of. 30, 31. Winthrop, John, Jr., 31, 35. Winthrop, Margaret, 33. Winthrop, Hon. Robert C., 35. Winthrop, Steven, 35. Winthrop, Major, Theodore, 35. Winthrop, Waitstill , 35. Woburn, Mass., 2, 7, 8, 9, 84. Wood, D.,<
ey could obtain their native wine so near their encampment. On their return to camp they told of their discovery, with the result that all of the captured wine was disposed of, to the enjoyment of the Hessians and to the profit of Mr. Porter. The Admiral Vernon Tavern. This tavern stood on the lot of land at the corner of Main and Swan streets, opposite the Central Fire Station, upon land purchased by Mr. Aaron Cleveland in the year 1717 of the Hon. John Usher. It was a part of Gov. Winthrop's Ten Hills Farm. As Mr. Cleveland was granted an innholder's license in the year 1720, this house must have been built prior to that date. Mr. Cleveland was the landlord of this tavern from the year 1720 to 1738, both inclusive. In the latter year he sold the estate to Colonel Isaac Royall, senior. After the death of Colonel Royall in the year 1739, his son, Colonel Isaac Royall, junior, came into possession of the property. From the year 1739 to 1743, both inclusive, the landlords
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