country, living in rude log cabins, felling trees and clearing ground, and never a backward look.
Probably the first white man who wandered over this part of the country was Myles Standish and his exploring party from Plymouth in 1621.
John Winthrop, the first Governor of Massachusetts Bay Company, took up his abode on what is now Winter Hill.
He was granted six hundred acres in 2631 which was named by him The Ten Hills Farm.
The record reads: Sept. 6, 1631 granted to Mr Governor 600 ath by metes & bounds, near his home in Mystic to be held by him and his heirs forever.
The date of the building of the original portion of the Royall House is uncertain; some writers claim that as a farmhouse it was built in the early days of Winthrop's ownership, probably about 1637.
It was a brick house, two and one-half stories in height, with dormer windows on the roof.
When occupied by John Usher in 1690, a lean — to was added to give more room.
Under the ownership of the Royalls the
as then known as the market-place, and though nearby were several rum distilleries, the pump in the square supplied man and beast with nature's own beverage, and was the starting point of three principal roads of the baker's dozen the selectmen named.
The first was from the town pump, west to Charlestown line, High street; second, east to Malden line, Salem; and third, south to foot of Winter hill, Main.
Three streets branched to the right from High street to Woburn line.
Purchase (now Winthrop), Woburn and Grove.
Today only the three Hall houses below Governors avenue, the Unitarian parsonage, and the old Magoun cottage opposite remain of those standing in 1829.
The present Winthrop square was then called Turell's corner.
A new road had then been recently proposed which would have crossed the Playstead and Brooks estate, and also the Aberjona river, to the West Cambridge road, but instead, another was partially bought, hence its name.
It made a more direct and level route t
k was already built in the colony before ever Winthrop arrived or the Blessing of the Bay was launchsigned an agreement with the Puritan leaders, Winthrop, Dudley and Saltonstall, by which the latter s an investor remained the same.
So in June, Winthrop landed in Salem with ten vessels, the Arbellaole city.
Then they scattered and explored.
Winthrop sailed up the Mystic six miles and apparentlyway, was dated the twenty-ninth of November.
Winthrop was probably an optimist.
He says at anothering means to raise out of the earth and sea.
Winthrop chose for himself the Ten Hills farm and builmargin, said to be in the handwriting of Governor Winthrop, are the words Meadford.
Mr. Cradock's rme house.
In a second very careful map of Mr. Winthrop's Ten Hill farm, dated October, 1637, the Cpathetically in January, 1637, in a letter to Winthrop:—
The greyffe I have beene putt to by the
The Indians were peaceful and conciliatory.
Winthrop and Cradock both took exceptional pains to ob[1 more...]
wn of Peter Tufts was a small and slow-growing one, barely emerging from the status of a twenty-five-hundred-acre farm owned by a single proprietor who never saw any of it. When Peter's father came and bought some land, a few others did, and two also built substantial dwellings.
Over in Malden (as Mystic side had come to be known) and not far away were several dwellings, and one of them remains there today.
Old Wellington house. Across the river was the dwelling of the first Governor, Winthrop, and farther west his farm house, somewhat enlarged, and later to be noted.
Royall House. But these were not in Medford, but in Charlestown for nearly a century.
But the big brick house awaited and housed the large family of Captain Peter that were to help people the Medford that was to be. His neighbors and associates, the Wades, Willows, Francis, Bradshaw, and Whitmores were scattered along the road that followed the old Indian trail across the plain, across the three brooks and over