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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Salem, Ma. (search)
19, 1628, and in June John Endicott, one of the six patentees, sailed for Naumkeag, with a small party, as governor of the new settlement. Those who were there—the remains of Conant's settlers—were disposed to question the claims of the new-comers. An amicable settlement was made, and in commemoration of this adjustment Endicott named the place Salem, the Hebrew word for peaceful. The colony then comprised about sixty persons. Previous to this emigration about thirty persons, under Captain Wollaston, had set up an independent plantation at a place which they named Mount Wollaston (afterwards Quincy, Mass.), which soon fell under the control of a pettifogger of Furnival's Inn, named Morton, who, being a convivial and licentious character, changed the name to Merry Mount, and conducted him. A street in Salem. self in a most shameless manner. He sold powder and shot to the Indians; gave refuge to runaway servants; and, setting up a May-pole, he and his companions Birthplace of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Massachusetts (search)
at Cape Ann with the intention of connecting the settlement with the fishing interests......1624 William Bradford again elected governor of Plymouth colony......1624 John Lyford and John Oldham expelled from the colony......1624 Captain Wollaston and about thirty others commence a settlement at a place they call Mount Wollaston (now Quincy)......1625 Thomas Morton on the departure of Wollaston takes charge, and changes the name to Merry Mount......1626 Robert Conant removes frWollaston takes charge, and changes the name to Merry Mount......1626 Robert Conant removes from the settlement at Cape Ann to Naumkeag (now Salem )......1626 Plymouth colony establish an outpost on Buzzard's Bay; friendly commerce begins with the Dutch at New Amsterdam......1627 Partnership of merchants and colonists being unprofitable, and the community system failing, eight colonists of Plymouth buy of the London partners their interests for $9,000, in nine annual instalments; the community system is abandoned, a division made of movable property, and twenty acres of land near
orge, preaches on the Common, 13, 48; a friend to the college, 236. Whitefield tree, 48. Willard, Emery, the village strong man, 40. William H. Smart Post 30, 288. Williams, Rev. Mr., 73. Willson, Forceythe, 68. Wilson, John, Sr., 334. Wilson, Rev. John, election speech of, 7, 48. Windmill Hill, 3. Windsor, Conn., founded, 6. Winlock, Professor, 75. Winship, Mrs. Joanna, tomb of, 189. Winthrop, John, 1, 2, 7, 47. Winthrop, Prof. John, 72, 73. Winthrop Square, 5. Wires, Inspectors of, and Superintendent of Lamps, 404. Witchcraft, 11, 12. Wollaston, Mount, Thomas Hooker's company settle at, 6, 233. Wolves, bounties for, 9. Worcester becomes a city, 54. Worcester, Joseph E., lexicographer, 68. Worthington Street, 116. Wright, Elizur, description of London parks, 119. Wyman, Prof. Jeffries, 73, 75. Young Men's Christian Association, 242; property exempt from taxation, 320. Young Women's Christian Association, 242.
Elizabeth Cary Agassiz, Louis Agassiz: his life and correspondence, third edition, Chapter 7: 1832-1834: Aet. 25-27. (search)
of Heidelberg. proposal declined. threatened blindness. correspondence with Humboldt. marriage. invitation from Charpentier. invitation to visit England. Wollaston prize. first number of Poissons Fossiles. review of the work. The following autumn Agassiz assumed the duties of his professorship at Neuchatel. His openin that I announce to you good news. The Geological Society of London desires me to inform you that it has this year conferred upon you the prize bequeathed by Dr. Wollaston. He has given us the sum of one thousand pounds sterling, begging us to expend the interest, or about seven hundred and fifty francs every year, for the encouragement of the science of geology. Your work on fishes has been considered by the Council and the officers of the Geological Society worthy of this prize, Dr. Wollaston having said that it could be given for unfinished works. The sum of thirty guineas, or £ 31 10s. sterling, has been placed in my hands, but I would not send you
lection, 216, 217, 222; threatened blindness, 218; publishing Fossil Fishes, 220, 238; marriage, 230; growing reputations 230; invited to England, 232; receives Wollaston prize, 235; views on classification and development, 239, 245; difficulties in the work on Fossil Fishes, 246, 257; first visit to England, 248; material for Fossil Fishes, 250; return to Neuchatel, 251; first relations with New England, 252; second visit to England, 259; various works, 259; receives Wollaston medal, 260; first glacial work, 260; sale of original drawings of Fossil Fishes, 262; on the Jura, 262; glacial theory announced, 263; opposition, 264, 268; invitation to Geneva, 2765. Fishes, Fossil, Recherches surles poissons fossiles, 92, 120, 123, 166, 181, 215, 220, 223, 224, 226, 236, 238, 246, 269, 347, 348, 360, 362, 366; receives Wollaston prize, 235; Monthyon prize, 397; Prix Cuvier, 505. Fish-nest, 699. Fitchburg, lecture at, 782. Florida reefs, 480-485, 486, 487, 490, 651. Forbes, Edwa
o go and mend his manners, and then aboard a shallop, and so convayed to Wessaguscus shoare, and staid at Massachusctts, trading at Nantasket. Not long after, being upon a vessel that was wrecked on Cape Cod in a violent storm, he was brought to honest penitence for his sins and misdemeanors, and changed his manner of life in after years. In June, 1628, he had become reconciled with the Plymouth people and was by them sent to England as custodian of Thomas Morton, the riotous leader of Wollaston's Merry-Mount rabble. It was in this visit to the mother country that he obtained of John Gorges, Younger brother and heir of Robert Gorges. for himself and John Dorrell, a tract of land which embraced most of the territory of the present Cities of Charlestown, Cambridge, Somerville, and probably a small part of Watertown. Extending from Charles River to Abousett [Saugus] River, and from the border of the bay at the mouth of Charles River, 5 miles into the country, and from the mout
53; Mr. Gibbs declines to be pastor of, 54: first in Waltham near Nathaniel Livermore's, 55; purchased from Newton, 55. Meeting-house, new, on triangular plot, 75. Meeting-house, first in Watertown, 44, 45; new, built at corner of Mt. Auburn and Grove Sts., 45. Men and means furnished for Revolutionary War, 103-5. Men drafted for the Indian War, 62 n. 4. Merchants damnable rich, 58. Merrimack examined, 34. Merrimack Manufacturing Co., incorporated, 133. Merry-Mount, Wollaston's rabble at, 38. Methodist preaching, first, 119; meeting-house in, Weston, 119. Methodists buy the meeting-house on the common, 119; remove it to Moody St, 120; erect the present edifice, 120; list of pastors, 120. Milford, Conn., 48. Military trainings every Saturday, 18. Militia, first Co. of, 102. Mill Creek, a natural raceway, 123: the oldest in the country, 124. Mill No. 2 erected in 1816, 131; new mills erected, 133, 134. Miller, General, a public dinner given
The Daily Dispatch: October 2, 1863., [Electronic resource], A remarkable Phenomenon...a Chapter of similar ones. (search)
of 1745. 3d. The "Spectre of the Brocken" in the Hertz Mountains in Germany, which is of frequent occurrence, representing oftentimes a magnified image of the observer, and obeying all of his motions, is too well known to allude to more definitely. 4th. On Sunday, the 17th December, 1826, the clergy in the vicinity of Poitiers, in France, were engaged in the exercises of the jubilee which preceded the festival of Christmas. Three thousand spectators were present. They had planted, as part of the ceremony, a large cross, 25 feet high and painted red, in the open air before the church. --About 5 in the afternoon a similar celestial cross suddenly appeared in the heavens, about 200 feet above the horizon, and apparently about 140 feet in length, of a bright silver color, tinged with red. The causes of certain phenomena, similar to those above mentioned, have been illustrated in an interesting manner by the experiments of Dr. Wollaston upon different refracting media.
Wonderful Minuteness. --Dr. Wollaston obtained platinum wire so fine that thirty thousand pieces, placed side by side in contact, would not cover more than an inch. It would take one hundred and fifty pieces of this wire, bound together, to form a thread as thick as a filament of raw silk. Although platinum is the heaviest of known bodies, a mile of this wire would not weigh more than a grain. Seven ounces of this would extend from New York to London. Fine as is the filament produced by the silk worm, that produced by the spider is still more attenuated. A thread of a spider's web, measuring four miles, will weigh very little more than a single grain. Every one is familiar with the fact that the spider spins a cord or thread by which his own weight is suspended. It has been ascertained that this thread is composed of about six thousand filaments.