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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
68. opinion of Attorney General Black. Secession impossible, 71. the President's indecision and recommendations denunciations of the Message, 73. disappointment of the people, 74. movements of the Clergy warnings of General Scott, 75. General Wool's letter to General Cass, 76. resignation of Cass Fast day proclaimed, 77. Clingman's treasonable speech in the Senate, 78. Crittenden's rebuke Hale's defiance, and the anger of the conspirators, 79. Iverson's treasonable speech in the been Scott's companion in arms for fifty years, full of patriotic zeal, and with a keen perception of danger, after reading the President's message wrote a letter remarkable for its good sense, foresight, and wisdom. That soldier was Major-General John Ellis Wool, then commander of the Eastern Department, which included the whole country eastward of the Mississippi River. He wrote to the venerable General Lewis Cass (also his companion-in-arms in the War of 1812), Buchanan's Lewis Cass.
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 9: proceedings in Congress.--departure of conspirators. (search)
ss, 216. the conspiracy revealed by a Southern man, 217. the people alarmed Unsatisfactory Message from President Buchanan, 218. position of the President General Wool's warning firmness of the Union men in Congress, 219. Jefferson Davis's proposition to amend the Constitution, 220. useless labors of the two great committen. He did not ask Congress for any more power, nor did he give a word of encouragement to the loyal people that he would heed the warning voice of the veteran General Wool, and others, who implored the Government not to yield Fort Sumter to the insurgents, and thereby cause the kindling of a civil war. So long as the United States keep possession of that fort, said Wool, the independence of South Carolina will only be in name, and not in fact. Then, with prophetic words, whose predictions were fulfilled a few weeks later, he said:--If, however, it should be surrendered to South Carolina, the smothered indignation of the Free States would be roused beyond
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
handler, Francis B. Crowninshield, John M. Forbes, Richard P. Waters. Rhode Island.--Samuel Ames, Alexander Duncan, William W. Hoppin, George H. Browne, Samuel G. Arnold. Connecticut.--Roger S. Baldwin, Chauncey F. Cleveland, Charles J. McCurdy, James T. Pratt, Robins Battell, Amos S. Treat. New York.--David Dudley Field, William Curtis Noyes, James S. Wadsworth, James C. Smith, Amaziah B. James, Erastus Corning, Francis Granger, Greene C. Bronson, William E. Dodge, John A. King, John E. Wool. New Jersey.--Charles S. Olden, Peter D. Vroom, Robert F. Stockton, Benjamin Williamson, Joseph F. Randolph, Frederick T. Frelinghuysen, Rodman M. Price, William C. Alexander, Thomas J. Stryker. Pennsylvania.--James Pollock, William H. Meredith, David Wilmot, A. W. Loomis, Thomas E. Franklin, William McKennan, Thomas White. Delaware.--George B. Rodney, Daniel M. Bates, Henry Ridgley, John W. Houston, William Cannon. Maryland.--John F. Dent, Reverdy Johnson, John W. Crisfield,
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
as immense, and yet the President's voice was so strong and clear that he was heard distinctly. The cheers went up loud and long. After he commenced delivering his Inaugural I withdrew, and passing north on Capitol Hill, saw Generals Scott and Wool, in full uniform, standing by their battery — the battery memorable for its prowess in Mexico. I could not resist the impulse to present myself to those distinguished veterans, the heroes of so many battles and so many victories. They received me praised! God in his goodness be praised! In leaving these scarred and seamed veterans, my mind went back to the long interval and striking events which have occurred since 1812, when first saw them-General Scott a major of artillery, and General Wool a captain in the Thirteenth Infantry, both alert, active, buoyant young men--General Scott tall and erect, but remarkably slender in form, with flowing flaxen hair. Nearly half a century has passed. They have fought through all the wars of t
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 14: the great Uprising of the people. (search)
e venerable General Cass, late Secretary of State, made a stirring speech at Detroit, on the 24th of April. He who is not for his country, he said, is against her. There is no neutral position to be occupied. It is the duty of all zealously to support the Government in its efforts to bring this unhappy civil war to a speedy and satisfactory conclusion, by the restoration, in its integrity, of that great charter of freedom bequeathed to us by Washington and his compatriots. The veteran General Wool, a Democrat of the Jefferson and Jackson school, and then commander of the Eastern Department, said, in response to the greetings of the citizens of Troy, who, at the close of an immense meeting, on the 16th of April, went to his house in a body:--Will you permit that flag to be desecrated and trampled in the dust by traitors? Will you permit our noble Government to be destroyed by rebels, in order that they may advance their schemes of political ambition and extend the area of Slavery?
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
d and sunk in the channel, a mile below Fort Norfolk; and a battery of heavy guns was immediately erected at Sewell's Point, and another on Craney Island, to command the entrance to the Elizabeth River and the harbor of Norfolk. The insurgents had now secured a most important military position, as well as valuable materials of war; and they held that post, to the great hurt of the National cause, until early in May the following year, when they fled at the approach of troops under Major-General John E. Wool. By obtaining possession of Harper's Ferry and the Gosport Navy Yard, the most important preliminary movements for the seizure of Washington City were successfully accomplished within a week after the evacuation of Sumter. The practical annexation of a greater part of Virginia to the Southern Confederacy within eight days after these movements, and the assembling of troops upon its soil from the more Southern States, gave increased value to those acquisitions. Fire had materia
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 17: events in and near the National Capital. (search)
citizens of the metropolis, in concert with General Wool, performed services of incalculable value, d the Seventy-first, Colonel Vosburg. Major-General Wool, next in rank to the General-in-chief, ao push forward troops as fast as possible. General Wool at once issued orders April 20, 1861. to Cnt outside of the District of Columbia; and General Wool was compelled, in order to act in conformitia. To that immensely important military work, Wool sent gun-carriages, ammunition, and provisions,sted in arming no less than nine States. General Wool ordered the following ordnance and ordnancen were transferred from St. Louis to Illinois. Wool also ordered heavy cannon, carriages, et coetern Defense Committee, under the direction of General Wool, and with the cordial co-operation of Commoto Washington, the first communication that General Wool received from his John Ellis Wool. superhe wisdom, energy, and patriotism of Major-General John E. Wool, commanding this Military District, [4 more...]
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 19: events in the Mississippi Valley.--the Indians. (search)
enroll in the military service of the United States the loyal citizens of St. Louis, in number not exceeding ten thousand. This order was procured chiefly through the instrumentality of Colonel (afterward Major-General) Frank P. Blair, who, within ten days after the call of the President for troops was received, had raised and organized a regiment of Missourians, and assisted in the primary formation of four others. On him Captain Lyon leaned much in this emergency. In the mean time General Wool's timely order to Governor Yates, to send a force from Illinois to hold the St. Louis Arsenal, See page 430. had been acted upon. Yates sent Captain Stokes, of Chicago, on that delicate mission. He found St. Louis alive with excitement, and, after consultation with Captain Lyon and Colonel Blair, it was thought best to remove a large portion of the arms secretly to Illinois. This was done between midnight and daylight on the morning of the 26th of April. They were taken to Alton in
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 24: the called session of Congress.--foreign relations.--benevolent organizations.--the opposing armies. (search)
new regiments came in so slowly that it was not deemed safe to break camp before the 15th. Lieutenant-General Scott was too infirm to take command of the Army in the field. He was afflicted with dropsy and vertigo; and for four months he had not been able to mount a horse. He chose Brigadier-General Irvin McDowell for that responsible position. That officer was a native of Ohio; a graduate 1834. of the Military Academy at West Point; an excellent soldier, who had seen service under General Wool, in Mexico, and was then in the prime of life. He had been appointed May 27, 1861. to the command of thy Department of Virginia, with his Headquarters at Arlington House, as we have observed; See page 485. and for several weeks he had been actively engaged in the reception of materials for, and the organization of, Irvin McDowell. what was afterward known as the Army of the Potomac. This work was but imperfectly accomplished, when public opinion bore upon the authorities with suc
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 3: political affairs.--Riots in New York.--Morgan's raid North of the Ohio. (search)
separate as good citizens, and you can assemble again whenever you wish to do so. I ask you to leave all to the now, and I will see to your rights. Wait till my Adjutant returns from Washington, and you shall be satisfied. And then the rioters cheered loudly, and went on plundering, burning, and murdering, while waiting for the return of the Adjutant, notwithstanding the Governor issued, on the same day, a proclamation against such disorderly conduct. The troops at the service of General Wool, commander of the military district, were too few at the beginning to quell the riot. Others were summoned from the military posts in the harbor, and these, with the efficient Metropolitan Police, managed, by Thursday, to hold the mob in check. At that.time the volunteer companies of the city were beginning to return from Pennsylvania, See note 5, page 52. and the leaders of the riot plainly saw that further resistance to authority would be dangerous. So the city, after a sacrifice of l
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