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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Buena Vista, battle of. (search)
Buena Vista, battle of. General Taylor received such instructions from the War Department that he declared (Nov. 13. 1846) the armistice granted at Monterey was at an end. General Worth marched, with 900 men, for Saltillo, the capital of Coahuila, and was followed the next day by Taylor, who left Gen. W. O. Butler. with some troops, to hold the conquered city of Monterey. Saltillo was taken possession of on Nov. 15. After several minor movements, and having been deprived of a large number of his troops by an order of General Scott to send them to reinforce an American army that was to attack Vera Cruz, Taylor was forced to act on the defensive with about 5,000 men. Informed that General Santa Ana (who had entered Mexico from his exile in Cuba. and had been elected President of Mexico in December) was gathering an army of 20,000 men at San Luis Potosi, Taylor resolved to form a junction with General Wool (who had entered Mexico with about 3.000 troops, crossing the Rio Grande
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cerro Gordo, battle of (search)
f the eastern slope of the Cordilleras, on the great national road from Vera Cruz to the city of Mexico. Santa Ana, by extraordinary efforts after the battle of Buena Vista (q. v.), had gathered a force of about 12,000 men from among the sierras of Orizaba, concentrated them upon the heights of Cerro Gordo, and strongly fortified the position. When the capture of Vera Cruz (q. v.) was completed, General Scott prepared to march upon the Mexican capital, along the national road. He left General Worth as temporary governor of Vera Cruz, with a sufficient garrison for the Castle of San Juan de Ulloa, and moved forward (April 8, 1847) with about 8,000 men, the division of Gen. D. A. Twiggs in advance. Twiggs approached Cerro Gordo on the 13th, and found Santa Ana in his path. Scott arrived the next morning and prepared to attack the stronghold. On the 17th he issued a remarkable general order, directing, in detail, the movements of the army in the coming battle. These directions fol
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chapultepec, battle of (search)
y shell tearing up the ramparts. The .fire of the Mexicans was not less severe, and this duel of great guns was kept up all day. The next morning (13th) troops moved to assail the works, at their weakest point, in two columns, one led by General Pillow and the other by General Quitman. Pillow marched to Castle of Chapultepec. assail the works on the west side, while Quitman made a demonstration on the easterly part. Both columns were preceded by a strong party—that of Pillow by 250 of Worth's division, commanded by Captain McKenzie; and that of Quitman by the same number, commanded by Captain Carey. Each storming party was furnished with scaling-ladders. While the troops were advancing the American batteries kept up a continuous fire over their heads upon the works to prevent reinforcements reaching the Mexicans. Pillow's column bore the brunt of the battle. It first carried a redoubt, and drove the Mexicans from shelter to shelter. At length the ditch and the wall of the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Contreras, battle of (search)
al skirmishing around. This indecisive conflict continued about six hours. At the moment when some Mexican cavalry were preparing for a charge, General Scott arrived at the scene of conflict, and ordered up General Shields with reinforcements. The Mexicans everywhere fought bravely and desperately. When night fell, the wearied Americans lay down and slept in the ravines and among the rocks on the verge of the battle-field, expecting to renew the contest in the morning. Generals Scott and Worth started early the next morning (Aug. 20) from St. Augustine for Contreras, and were met on the way by a courier with the good news that the enemy's camp was captured. The battle had been begun at sunrise by Smith's division. While Generals Shields and Pierce had kept Santa Ana's reserve at bay, Smith's troops had marched towards the works in the darkness and gained a position, unobserved, behind the crest of a hill near the Mexican works. Springing up suddenly from their hiding-place, the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), El Molino del Rey, capture of. (search)
these defences were about 14,000 strong, their left wing resting on El Molino del Rey, their centre forming a connecting line with Casa de Mata and supported by a field-battery, and their right wing resting on the latter. To the division of General Worth was intrusted the task of assailing the works before them. At three o'clock on the morning of Sept. 8 (1847) the assaulting columns moved to the attack, Garland's brigade forming the right wing. The battle began at dawn by Huger's 24-poundeiven back, when Duncan's battery opened upon them so destructively that the Mexican column was scattered in confusion. Then Sumner's dragoons charged upon them, and their rout was complete. The slaughter had been dreadful. Nearly one-fourth of Worth's corps were either killed or wounded. The Mexicans had left 1,000 dead on the field. Their best leaders had been slain, and 800 men had been made prisoners. The strong buildings were blown up, and none of the defences of Mexico outside its g
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mexico, War with (search)
d, in the last of October, reached Monclova, 70 miles northwest of Monterey. He pushed on to Coahuila, where he obtained ample supplies for his own and Taylor's troops. General Taylor had agreed to an armistice at Monterey. This was ended Nov. 13, by order of his government, when, leaving General Butler in command at Monterey, he marched to Vic- The fight in the streets of Monterey toria, the capital of Tamaulipas, with the intention of attacking Tampico, on the coast. Meanwhile, General Worth, with 900 men, had taken possession of Saltillo (Nov. 15), the capital of Coahuila. Taylor, ascertaining that Tampico had already surrendered to the Americans (Nov. 14), and that Santa Ana was collecting a large force at San Luis Potosi, returned to Monterey to reinforce Worth, if necessary. Worth was joined at Saltillo by Wool's division (Dec. 20), and Taylor again advanced to Victoria (Dec. 29). Just as he was about to proceed to a vigorous campaign, Taylor received orders from Gen
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Monterey, capture of (search)
Monterey, capture of After General Taylor had entered Mexico at Matamoras, he remained there until September, waiting for further instructions from his government and reinforcements for his army. Early in September the first division of his army, under Gen. W. J. Worth, moved towards Monterey, the capital of New Leon, which was strongly fortified, and then defended by General Ampudia with about 9,000 Mexican troops. Taylor soon joined Worth, and they encamped within 3 miles of the city, on Sept. 19, with about 7,000 men, and on the morning of the 21st attacked the stronghold. Joined by other divisions of the army, the assault became general on the 23d, and the conflict in the streets was dreadful. The Mexicans fired volleys of musketry from the windows of the strong store-houses upon the invaders, and the carnage was terrible. Finally, on the fourth day of the siege, Ampudia asked for a truce. It was granted, and he prepared to evacuate the city. Taylor demanded absolute su
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
...March 3, 1849 Coinage of the gold dollar and doubleeagle authorized......March 3, 1849 Department of Interior created by act approved......March 3, 1849 Work of census office, previously under Secretary of State, transferred to the Interior by act......March 3, 1849 Thirtieth Congress adjourns......March 3, 1849 sixteenth administration—Whig, March 5, 1849, to March 3, 1853. Zachary Taylor, Louisiana, President. Millard Fillmore, New York, Vice-President. Gen. William J. Worth, U. S. A., dies at San Antonio, Tex., aged fifty-five......May 7, 1849 Gen. Edmund P. Gaines dies at New Orleans, aged seventy-two......June 6, 1849 James K. Polk, eleventh President, dies at Nashville, Tenn., aged fifty-four......June 15, 1849 President Taylor issues a proclamation against filibustering expeditions to Cuba under Lopez......Aug. 11, 1849 Albert Gallatin, distinguished statesman, dies at Astoria, L. I.......Aug. 12, 1849 Thirty-first Congress, first ses
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Florida, (search)
oosahatchee......July 23, 1839 During this and four years previous Florida furnished 5,342 volunteers for the Indian war......1839 General Taylor asking to be relieved, Brevet Brig.-Gen. W. R. Armistead is assigned to command in Florida......May 6, 1840 Battles with Indians at Fort King, Marion county, April 28; Waccahoota, Sept. 6; Everglades, Dec. 3-24; Micanopy......Dec. 28, 1840 Battle at Fort Brooke......March 2, 1841 General Armistead relieved at his request, and Gen. William J. Worth takes command......May 31, 1841 Richard K. Call reappointed territorial governor......1841 Battle at Hawe Creek, Jan. 25; at Pilakikaha......April 19, 1842 General Worth, by general order, announces the cessation of hostilities with Indians in Florida......Aug. 14, 1842 Officers and soldiers who died in the Florida war buried at St. Augustine with military honors and a monument erected by their comrades......Aug. 15, 1842 John Branch, territorial governor......1844
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Worth, William Jenkins 1794-1849 (search)
Worth, William Jenkins 1794-1849 Military officer; born in Hudson, N. Y., March 1, 1794; began life as a clerk in a store at Hudson, and entered the military service, as lieutenant of infantry, in May, 1813. He was highly distinguished in the battles of Chippewa and at Lundy's Lane, in July, 1814, and was severely wounded in the latter contest. He was in command of cadets at West Point from 1820 to 1828, and in 1838 was made colonel of the 8th United States Infantry. He served in the Seminole War from 1840 to 1842, and was in command of the army in Florida in 1841-42. He was brevetted a brigadiergeneral in March, 1842, commanded a brigade under General Taylor in Mexico in 1846, and was distinguished in the capture of Monterey. In 1847-48 he commanded a division, under General Scott, in the capture of Vera Cruz, and in the battles from Cerro Gordo to the assault and capture of the city of Mexico. He was brevetted major-general, and was presented with a sword by Congress, by