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ing a continuous thong with a knife like our modern leather-knife, and by the same means which we adopt, by turning the piece of leather round as he cuts. Two of the coils are represented hanging up in the shop. The process of preparing the hemp is shown in the tombs of Beni-Hassan and Thebes. Ropes of the palm are found in the tombs, and it was probably almost as common as coir or cocoa-nut fiber in India. The ropes which supported the planks of the Hellespont bridge constructed for Xerxes were of papyrus and flax. These were the ordinary materials for the purpose in Egypt, from which country the king had a large contingent. See military-bridge. Ropes of goat's hair are mentioned by Aristotle and Virgil. The famous vessel, the Syracusia, built for Hiero, was furnished with hempen ropes from Rhodes, according to Moschion. The ropes of the Tartars are made of camel's hair or horsehair. — Huc. Coir rope is manufactured from the husk or pericarp of the cocoa-nut.
bloodstone, chalcedony, onyx, jasper, serpentine, pyrites, etc. The stones of Ethiopia, used for arrow-heads by the contingent from that country in the army of Xerxes, are spoken of as the kind used for engraving seals. — Herodotus, VII. 69. Gems, precious stones, glass, and other hard substances which do not admit the applifrom Mount Athos, whence the grateful news was in like manner telegraphed to Argos. Fire-signals were prepared by Mardonius to notify his master, the great king Xerxes, then at Sardis, of the second taking of Athens. At a later period, Polybius describes a semaphoric system improved by him, in which messages were transmitted spear of antiquity was sometimes provided with the amentum or thong for throwing. Herodotus distinguishes the nationality of some of the nations in the army of Xerxes by describing the peculiar ornaments on the ends of their spear-shafts. For a dissertation on the spears of the ancients, see article Hasta, in Smith's Diction
as made to open and close, like the modern umbrella, but was somewhat more clumsy. The Greek ladies used it in the theater, as did also the Roman. Its use was considered effeminate in a man. They were commonly of green linen stretched upon a frame and supported by a staff. Such are represented on ancient vases, and frequently referred to by contemporary writers: Aristophanes, Ovid, Anacreon, Martial, Juvenal, etc. The Hamilton vases show several instances of Greek and Etruscan umbrellas. Xerxes and Cleopatra are represented as sitting under canopies or umbrellas, watching the fight or the play. The Greek ladies wore straw hats and bonnets (Pollux, Theocr. ). The Roman men wore broadbrimmed felt hats, petasus (wide-awakes). Christie describes an Etruscan vase in which Bacchus presents a dove to a seated female, while an umbrella is held above their heads by another female Anglo-Saxon umbrella Fig. 6857 is from the Harleian Manuscript, No. 603, and represents a servant hold
gs, twisted cords of hog's bristles, or sinews of oxen. The scorpio was a whip with iron spurs. The Anglo-Saxon whip for prisoners was three-lashed. Switches were used for soldiers. Eel-skins were used to flog school-boys by the Romans and Anglo-Saxons. The ancient Scythian whip resembled the nogaik of the modern Cossacks. It had a short handle and a single lash, with a round flat piece of leather at the end. The taskmasters of Egypt and Persia hurried up their workmen with whips. Xerxes lashed the laborers who dug the canal across the isthmus of Athos: and his soldiers were hurried by whips across the Hellespont bridge, during the 7 days and nights which they occupied in crossing between Abydos and a rocky point in the Hellespontine Chersonese. The bridge was about 1 1/2 miles long. The artillery-driver's whip has an interior stock of raw hide covered with India-rubber cloth, over which is sewed an outer covering of leather. A loop is attached at the but for suspension
, with twelve yoke of cattle before him, and he with the twelfth. This means twelve plows and as many yoke of oxen. (See plow.) Job had 500 yoke of cattle. Post's ox-yoke. Horses were yet yoked to the poles of the chariots in the time of Xerxes. The sacred chariot of Jupiter (Ormuzd), mentioned by Xenophon in his description of the train of Cyrus, had golden yokes and was drawn by white horses. The Persian monarchs fought from chariots down to the time of the Macedonian conquest. The white horses were raised on the Nicaean plain, in Media, and were a peculiar breed belonging to the king. The Greeks captured them from Xerxes after the defeat at Salamis. The curious yoke over the withers of the Russian horses is probably a survival of an old type. Oxen (1000 B. C.) were yoked by the horns in Greece (Homer). Ox-yokes (ancient Egypt). A knotted thong secured the yoke to the pole of the chariot of Gordius, king of Phrygia. It was a complicated tie, and formed the famou
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 1, chapter 19 (search)
an idea. True, other nations have done so. England in 1640,--France in 1791,--our colonies in 1775. Those were proud moments. But to-day touches a nobler height. Their idea was their own freedom. Today, the idea, loyal to which our people willingly see their Union wrecked, is largely the hope of justice to a dependent, helpless, hated race. Revolutions never go back. ward. The live force of a human pulse-beat can rive the dead lumber of government to pieces. Chain the Hellespont, Mr. Xerxes-Seward, before you dream of balking the Northern heart of its purpose,--freedom to the slave! The old sea never laughed at Persian chains more haughtily than we do at Congress promises. I reverently thank God that he has given me to see such a day as this. Remember the measureless love of the North for the Union,--its undoubting faith that disunion is ruin,--and then value as you ought this last three months. If Wilberforce could say on his death-bed, after fifty years toil, Thank God
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2, Welcome to George Thompson (1840). (search)
imself, a very respectable lawyer and somewhat eloquent declaimer of the Suffolk bar, coolly asserting with a threatening brow, meant to be like that of Jove, to the swarming millions of the free States, that this discussion must stop! To such nonsense, whether from him, or the angry lips of his wire-puller in front of the Revere House, the only fitting answer is Sam Weller's repetition to Pickwick, It can't be done. [Cheers and laughter.] The like was never attempted but once before, when Xerxes flung chains at the Hellespont- And o'er that foolish deed has pealed The long laugh of a world! Oh, no! this chasm in the forum all the Clay in the land cannot fill. [Cheers.] This rent in the mantle all the Websters in the mill cannot weave up. [Cheers.] Perpetuate slavery amid such a race as ours! Impossible! Re-annex the rest of the continent, if you will; pile fugitive slave bills till they rival the Andes; dissolve, were it possible, the union God has made between well doing
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 1, Chapter 11: Paris.—its schools.—January and February, 1838.—Age, 27. (search)
rt at Stafford House, in 1835. Greville's Memoirs, ch. XXVIII.; July 15, 1835. Their voices, attuned to such various and subtle harmonies, entered the chambers of my heart. At times the notes were soft and delicate, touching gently on the sense as a linnet's feather; and then again they would rise, and, borne by the powerful music of the orchestra, thunder in the ear with the voice of one who was taking a city. In one of the back boxes, sitting out of the range of the light, so that, like Xerxes at his feasts, they could see well themselves but not be seen by others, were two of the younger sons of the King; with light hair, and looking not unlike other boys of their age, say from fourteen to seventeen. They are dukes or princes of something, but I do not know of what. The house was crowded with a brilliant audience; and it was a sensation different from what I had yet experienced, to find myself, as it were, between two foreign languages,—Italian on the stage, and French sounding
a war of any magnitude becomes familiar with frantic cries of military commanders for reinforcements. McClellan called for them when he did not need them. Van Dorn gathered men from all quarters, until they were in the way of each other. Curtis was begging for men and supplies when he could have marched to Little Rock from Searcy with one-half of his army, in the midst of plenty, and unopposed. These appeals are often purely selfish. Incompetency cannot win victories with the nations of Xerxes or the hordes of Cetowaya. Governor Rector about the same time issued a proclamation, describing the unarmed and defenseless condition of the State, complaining of the destruction and reckless disregard of the people's property and safety displayed by Van Dorn's operations. He protested against the further withdrawal of troops from the State, and called out the militia, ordering the organization of companies and regiments for defense. He said that if the Southwestern States were abando
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 18. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 9 (search)
Major-General Stephen D. Ramseur: his life and character. an Address before the Ladies' Memorial Association of Raleigh, North Carolina, May 10th, 1891. by Hon. William R. Cox. Mr. President, Ladies and gentlemen: When Xerxes looked upon the countless hosts of Persia, he is said to have wept when he reflected that within one hundred years from that time not one of those then in his presence would be living. It is with similar emotions every survivor of the war between the States must be moved, when called upon to pass in review and comment upon the heroic deeds and still more heroic sufferings, of those who participated in that fierce and unrelenting conflict. It is now over a quarter of a century since the last hostile gun of the war was fired; the laws are everywhere respected and obeyed; and every citizen, irrespective of section or service, recognizes it as its first duty to march to the defence of his government, whenever menaced by foes either from within or without.
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