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pproves of the President's Message in that part relating to the conscription, says, in substance, that we have already men enough — that large armies are unwieldily, and therefore not apt to render so much service as small ones — that as a proof, Xerxes failed in Greece, and Napoleon in Russia. The general inference is, that we shall do better with a small army than with a large one. The philosopher who maintained that a half was greater than the whole, is not, it seems, without disciples. Xerxes failed with a great army, and Napoleon failed with a great army. Innumerable small armies were destroyed during the twenty-two centuries that elapsed between the death of the one and the birth of the other. Why the fate of these last should have been wholly overlooked in the construction of a general rule deduced from example of military failure, we are at a loss to imagine. But before we give our assent to the startling proposition that the larger the army the more certain the failu
of every man is enlisted in the cause, subjugation is impossible. A people thus united in love of their own country and hatred of the invader may be defeated in a score of bloody battle, but they think no more of submission the day after a defeat than they do the day after a victory. They may be exterminated, but they cannot be conquered.--Hundreds of instances supporting the truth of this position might have been found by Lord Palmerston, if he had taken the trouble to look for them. Xerxes invaded Greece with 2,600,000 fighting men; the largest army of which we have any account. His camp followers amounted to as many more. He thus precipitated five or six millions of human beings upon a knot of little republics, whose united population probably did not amount to the number he brought with him. Yet he sustained the most disastrous defeat and the most entire overthrow that any invader ever met with. The Gauls, for centuries, were in the habit of hurling their masses by hundre
The Daily Dispatch: September 16, 1862., [Electronic resource], By the Governor of Virginia — a proclamation. (search)
ral arming of our population. It is occasioned by an unmanly fright, and it calculated to do infinite damage in withdrawing men from useful and productive occupations, to spend their time in trying to be poor soldiers.--The Government has called for and will receive all the troops it needs or will know what to do with — What we really need is not more men, but competent Generals. This frantic calling for more soldiers is a sign of real weakness of heart. What we want is not the legions of Xerxes, but the spirit of the Greeks who beat them. If we cannot conquer the South with one million men, it is quite clear that with two millions we shall only conquer ourselves by exhausting the country's resources. The Confederates in Ohio. A dispatch from Pomeroy, Ohio, dated the 6th, says that Gen. Jenkins had taken the town of Spencer, Va., and captured the command of the Federal Colonel, Rathbone. The dispatch adds: On Wednesday morning Jenkins's forces entered Revenswood, V
s, 10,280 wagoners, 1,680 teamsters, 873,200 privates — a total of 39,992 commissioned officers, and 1,092,402 rank and file! This huge mob is supplied by a population not exceeding 20,000,000 of souls, and I kept up at an expense which cannot fall short of $1,000,000,000 per annum, by a Government that has no resources but its credit, and no shadow of bare to support that credit but the direct taxation of its subjects. All the national insanities of which we ever read — the expedition of Xerxes, the Crusades, the invasion of Russia — were absolute wisdom in comparison to this. We are preparing swiftly, and steadily, to meet the invasion threatened by this huge multitude. --Our men are not so numerous, but they are braver; they have never boasted so loudly, but they have achieved infinitely more. They have never met the Yankees, where the proportion was not more than three to one, that they have not beaten them. They have already had in the field 770,000 men, and they have ma<
The summer Campaign. The New York correspondent of the London Times expresses the belief that the Conscription act and other strong measures passed at the close of the Federal Congress were designed rather for the subjugation of the North than of the South, and that the summer will be employed in "crushing out" all exhibitions of disloyalty. It is, he believes, to prevent the disintegration of its own empire, rather than the subjugation of the South, that immense armies are to be raised. We cannot coincide with this opinion. We believe that the design is first to consolidate the North, and then to rush upon the South. But we have no doubts of the result, if in the meantime we put forth every energy in preparation, and in counteracting these Xerxes preparations. Whatever the North may do, we must not be idle this summers.
The Daily Dispatch: July 14, 1862., [Electronic resource], The effect of the news in
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and disciplined hordes of thieves that were sent here, in the name of Union and liberty, to murder and plunder. But three weeks since, they were within five miles of the city, breathing vengeance against their ancient masters, whom they have the impudence to call rebels. They boasted loudly of their invincible army and its invincible commander. They proclaimed to the world that they had two hundred thousand men, armed equipped and supplied, as no force of the same size, since the days of Xerxes ever was. They derided our poor equipments and county numbers. The capture of Richmond was to be but a holiday affair an achievement which they could effect any morning provided only they rose early enough in the morning. They had lied until they had fallen into the last stage of moral dissolution. They began actually to believe their own lies. Beaten in every skirmish, put to the rout in every picket engagement, unable to stand before our men without the assistance of their gunboats and
ifficulties of his situation, expressed himself in the sincerity of his heart, in writing to his brother: "Under a full persuasion of the justice of our cause, I cannot entertain an idea that it will finally sink, though it may remain for a time under a cloud." All history proves that a brave and uncorrupted people, determined to be free, never can be subdued by the insolent superiority of force and numbers, however disproportion. What availed the countless Persian hordes of Darius and Xerxes, when confronted, in many a field made classic and holy ground by their discomfiture, with the proud spirit of freedom and the noble self-devotion of the small but undaunted commonwealths of Greece? If ever a people had apparent cause for despondency, it was the people of Rome when Hannibal with his Carthaginian hosts, after three successive victories on the Ticmo, the Brescia, and Thrasymene, in his triumphal march towards the Capital, almost annihilated the Roman army in a fourth at Cannæ
e world was made. The enterprise of Darius against Greece was a mere incursion of Choctaws or Potawatamies compared to it, for that enterprise was defeated by the repulse at Marathon, in which only 11,000 Athenians were engaged. The invasion of Xerxes was nothing compared to it, for his whole force of five millions was discomfited, ruined, almost exterminated by two battles--one at sea and the other on land. The invasions of Prussia, during the time of the great Frederick, were nothing to it;ounted eleven hundred thousand men in their ranks, and have never, for two years at least, counted at any one time less than half that number. These men, it must be remembered, were not effeminate Asiatics, or rude barbarians, like the hordes of Xerxes, but civilized men, trained in the European fashion, furnished with the best weapons, provided with everything to make the soldier's life comfortable, having all the world for their armory and their storehouses. For three years shut out from all
When the Greeks had destroyed the navy of Xerxes, at Salamis, and had sent that monarch in terror back to Susa, Mardonins, the general whom he had left behind to finish the work he had so unfortunately begun, thought it would be a master-strokGreece in general, and to Athens in particular. He really believed that they would not be able to withstand the power of Xerxes, and spoke from his heart when he advised them to yield while it was yet time, and avoid the terrible consequences of con all the eloquence in his power, "foreseeing," as he said, that they would not always be able to carry on the war against Xerxes, whose power was more than human, and whose arms were very long. The terms, indeed, were so favorable that they might wey as they wished, and were to live under their own laws. But the Athenian spurned the offer. They would have nothing of Xerxes; and they were determined to make war upon him as long as the foot of a Persian soldier pressed the soil of any part of G
mes overwhelmed and stupefied with the scene. The events of this war have, no doubt, succeeded each other with sufficient rapidity, yet they are tedious to us, whatever they may be to the future historian. It seems to us like an age since Major Anderson was upturned at Fort Sumter; and when we read, the other day, that Mr. Dudley Field proposed to carry him back, and make him hoist his flag there again, we involuntarily asked whether he was still alive, or had not died of old age. Xerxes is reported, by Herodotus, to have wept when he beheld his mighty comprehending five millions of the human race drawn out in the vast plain of Abydos, because the thought suddenly struck him that in one hundred years not a man of them would be left alive. In much less time than that the combatants in the present war will all have disappeared from the face of the earth, and then we may repeat Montaigne's standing question--Au bono? What is it all for? Oppressed and oppressors, so far as t
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