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f that day, about a hundred men assembled at the Eastern Railway Station in Boston. At the command, Fall in, Tenth! we formed line and went on board a train standing near to receive us, bound for Lynnfield, at that time one of the rendezvouses established for the reception of regiments and companies prior to their departure for the seat of war. This assemblage of men constituted the first tangible evidence that there existed such an organization as the Tenth Massachusetts Battery. While sZZZ ers and seamen, blacksmiths and tailors, carpenters and teamsters, clerks fresh from the pen or yardstick, teachers, hard-handed laborers, policemen and restaurant keepers. All these, with men of various other callings, combined to make up a motley collection of tastes, interests and prejudices, such as war always assembles. But all these differences of calling and taste were to be sunk in a common unity of purpose and interest. Henceforth we should know each other as soldiers and soldier
ed in temporary camps. To this the horses were hitched, between caissons, soon to be fed and groomed; then, spreading the tarpaulins on the ground, and arranging our blankets upon them, we turned in, and slept soundly till the shrill bugle notes broke our slumbers at half-past 2 in the morning. About 4 o'clock the infantry filed off into the road. We soon followed, and when the sun rose hot and scorching, and we saw them toiling along under their load of musket, knapsack, cartridge-box, Zzz haversack, and canteen, we considered ourselves—required to bear only the two latter articles—especially fortunate in belonging to artillery. At 8 o'clock we stopped for breakfast, munching our hard-tack and drinking our coffee with the relish which a march is wont to confer. During the day we crossed the Monocacy River, passing through Licksville, a small settlement on its left bank. In the afternoon some one blundered and sent the brigade off two miles on the wrong road. In attempti
orps badges was developed by Maj. Gen. Butterfield when he was made Chief-of-Staff of the Army of the Potomac in 1863. Hooker then took up the matter, and, having done away with the Grand Divisions, divided the army into seven corps, and designated a badge to be worn by each. To the First Corps he gave the circle; Second Corps, trefoil; Third Corps, diamond; Fifth Corps, Maltese cross; Sixth Corps, Greek cross; Eleventh Corps, crescent; Twelfth Corps, star. Each corps was constituted of Zzz three divisions. The patch worn by the first division was red, the second white, and the third blue. General Orders No. 53, issued by Hooker in May, 1863, and before me as I write, order provost marshals to arrest as stragglers all troops (except certain specified bodies) found without badges, and return them to their commands under guard. This scheme of badges, originated by Kearny and perfected by Hooker, continued, substantially unaltered, to the close of the war. The system of head
ter the troops were merged in other corps. The First Corps was consolidated into two divisions and added to the Fifth. The first and second divisions of the Third Corps were added to the Second, and the third division to the Sixth Corps. By this reorganization Major Generals Sykes, French, and Newton, and Brigadier Generals Kenly, Spinola, and Meredith, were relieved and sent elsewhere. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock now resumed command of the Second Corps, having been absent from it since Zzz Gettysburg; Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren was placed in charge of the Fifth; and Gen. John Sedgwick, the Sixth. Gen. Hunt, Chief of Artillery of the Army, having left Capt. Sleeper to elect which corps he would go into, much to our gratification the latter selected the Second. Battery K chose the same lot, so that with it, and the red and white Diamonds under Birney, for company, we became tolerably reconciled to the new situation. In accordance with our expectations, but much to our disgust
We can whip them alone! Then as the retreating lines came wavering past the guns, and the colonel commanding declared he could not rally his men, he (Granger) drew his sword, and riding forward called upon them to rally and save the guns. When the ammunition was all gone he remained mounted till every gun was limbered and brought off in safety. Then he led the Battery in a desperate run for life between the two skirmish lines, exposed to the tire of sharpshooters the whole distance, and Zzz. put be guns into position in the fields below. Here a stray shot struck him and he fell mortally wounded. It was the hardest blow to us yet, and made the darkness of the night then closing in more full of gloom. His memory we shall always cherish as that of a friend and a brave soldier. The tribute paid to his bravery by the chief of artillery in special order of thanks we feel was richly deserved, This special order was issued by Lieut. Col. Hazard, the chief of the Second Corps ar
n. Smythe's Division; and the Centre Section, commanded by First Sergeant Townsend, under my own immediate supervision, near Gen. Smythe's headquarters, covering a ford and Gen. Smythe's left flank. About 4.30 P. M., the enemy in strong force Zzz. attacked the right of Gen. Smythe's Division, and attempted to turn his flank. Lieut. Green changed the position of his section, and opened an enfilading fire within three hundred yards of the right of the enemy's line of battle. The centre sad, was extended along the new lines, having its terminus a few rods in rear of our camp. The truce already mentioned as existing between the lines at Fort Welch was unbroken here, and the only firing heard was that of Rebel pickets directed Zzz. at members of their own side deserting to the Union army. Every night especially dark, brought squads of these men in, whom we saw marched past to corps headquarters, but with whom we rarely had opportunity to converse. Five or six weeks wo
n there had ceased to be the usual danger, and the story soon reached us that all hostilities had ceased, and that our advance guard were walking side by side with the rear guard of the Johnnies. Our faith was beginning to wax. Truly something was up, and it was beginning to dawn upon us, doubting souls! that the fighting was over. It John D. Billings. 1865 could, not be, and yet every moment strengthened that opinion. Now officers and orderlies began to come from the front. They had Zzz$mi the Rebel army. It had stacked arms pending the terms of surrender. How the men chaffed each other between their hopes and fears, passing the long, anxious moments until all should be solved beyond doubt! At last the suspense was brought to an end. A wave of motion made by swaying bodies and uplifted hands swinging or throwing caps and hats aloft, rolled along the dense masses drawn up by the roadside nearer and nearer until we were swept in with the rest, willy, nilly, as by a tempest