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rwick was the first proprietary of the soil, under a grant from the council for New England; and it was next held by Lord Say and Seal, Lord Brooke, John 1631 Mar. 19. Hampden, and others, as his assigns. Saml. Garton's Defence, 58,59 Winthrop, II. 136. Before any colony could be established with their sanction, the people of New Plymouth had built a trading house at Wind- 1633 Oct. sor, and conducted with the natives a profitable commerce in furs. Dutch intruders from Manhattan, 1633 Jan. 8. ascending the river, had also raised at Hartford the house of Good Hope, and struggled to secure the 1635 territory to themselves. The younger Winthrop, the future benefactor of Connecticut, one of those men in whom the elements of human excellence are mingled in the happiest union, returned from England July 7. with a commission from the proprietaries of that region, to erect a fort at the mouth of the stream—a Oct. 8. purpose which was accomplished. Yet, before his arrival in Massach
ed for Holland entered Plymouth in a stress of weather, and was detained for a time on the allegation that it had traded without license in a part of the king's dominions. Van Twiller, who arrived at Manhattan in April, 1633, was defied by an English ship, which 1633. sailed up the river before his eyes. The rush of Puritan emigrants to New England had quickened the movements of the Dutch on the Connecticut, which they undoubtedly were the first to discover and to occupy Chap. XV.} 1633 Jan. 8. The soil round Hartford was purchased of the natives, and a fort was erected Albany Records, II. 157. on land within the present limits of that city, some months before the pilgrims of Plymouth colony raised their block-house at Windsor, and more than two years before the people of Hooker and Haynes began the commonwealth of Connecticut. 1635 To whom did the country belong? Like the banks of the Hudson, it had been first explored, and even occupied, by the Dutch; but should a log-hut a
to extend their power along 1719. May 14. the Gulf of Mexico from the Rio del Norte to the Atlantic. But within forty days the Spaniards recovered June 29. the town, and attempted, in their turn, to conquer the French posts on Dauphine Island and on the Mobile. In September, the French recovered Pensacola, which, by the treaty of 1721, reverted to Spain. The tidings of peace were welcomed at Biloxi with heartfelt joy. 1722. During the period of hostility, La Harpe, in a letter 1720 Jan. 8. La Harpe, Mss to the nearest Spanish governor, had claimed Texas to the Del Norte as a part of Louisiana. France was too feeble to stretch its colonies far to the west; but its rights were esteemed so clear, that, in time of peace, the attempt to occupy the country was renewed. This 1722 second attempt of Bernard de la Harpe to plant a colony near the Bay of Matagorda had no other results than to incense the natives against the French, and to stimulate the Spaniards to the occupation of
aring events with each other, reasoning from effects to causes, methinks I discover the traces of overruling influences. This he said referring to the Duke of Newcastle. Lord Charlemont to Henry Flood, Jan. 28 (by misprint in the printed copy Jan. 8) 1766. It is a long time, he continued, since I have attended in parliament. When the resolution was taken in the house to tax America, I was ill in bed. If I could have endured to have been carried in my bed, so great was the agitation of m subject of taxation, but thought the rules of the house forbade the reception of the petition. Sir Fletcher Norton rose in great heat, and de- Lord Charlemont to Henry printed date is erroneously given Flood, London, Jan. 28, 1766. The as Jan. 8. nounced the distinction between internal and external chap. XXI.} 1766. Jan. taxation, as a novelty unfounded in truth, reason, or justice, unknown to their ancestors, whether as legislators or judges—a whim that might serve to point a declama
e of England are presenting addresses against us. A government of our own is our natural right. Ye that love mankind, that dare oppose not only tyranny but the tyrant, stand forth! Every spot of the old world is overrun with oppression; Freedom hath been hunted round the globe; Europe regards her like a stranger; and England hath given her warning to depart:! receive the fugitive, and prepare an asylum for mankind. The publication of Common Sense, which was brought out on the eighth of January, was most op- Chap. LVI.} 1776. Jan. portune; the day before, the general congress had heard of the burning of Norfolk; on the day itself the king's speech at the opening of parliament arrived. The tyrant! said Samuel Adams; his speech breathes the most malevolent spirit; and determines my opinion of its author as a man of a wicked heart. I have heard that he is his own minister; why, then, should we cast the odium of distressing mankind upon his minions? Guilt must lie at his doo
of execution, he was just the officer whom a wise government would employ, and whom by luck the British admiralty of that day, tired of the Keppels and the Palisers, the Chap. XVIII.} 1780. mutinous and the incompetent, put in command of the expedition that was to relieve Gibraltar and rule the seas of the West Indies. One of the king's younger sons served on board his fleet as midshipman. He took his squadron to sea on the twenty-ninth of December, 1779. On the eighth of January, 1780, Jan. 8. he captured seven vessels of war and fifteen sail of merchantmen. On the sixteenth, he encountered off 16. Cape St. Vincent, the Spanish squadron of Languara, very inferior to his own, and easily took or destroyed a great part of it. Having victualled the garrison of Gibraltar, and relieved Minorca, on the thirteenth Feb. 13. of February he set sail for the West Indies. At St. Lucie he received letters from his wife, saying: Everybody is beyond measure delighted as well as astonished at
ons to the recent murders at the State Prison. The World as it is contained seventeen paragraphs. One alluded to the closing of President Pierce's administration. Then there were three Answers to Correspondents, and three selections of poetry under the head of Culled Flowers. Chips from a Dry Stick made half a column of interesting and amusing sayings and jokes. The Honolulu Advertiser furnished A Hawaiian Funeral. On the last page was the announcement of the Medford Lyceum for January 8. H. M. Ticknor was to read selections from popular authors, among them, Saxe, Fields and Whittier. The ordination of William C. Brooks as pastor of the Universalist Church at Malden was reported; Rev. C. H. Leonard making the address to the church and society. The names and tonnage of eight vessels built during the year in Medford, also names of builders were given. The Bunker Hill, 1000 tons (Curtis), was on the stocks for launching in the spring. Four advertisements of real
A Medford town meeting. There are yet some in Medford who can vividly recall town events of sixty years ago, but there are few who have written the story. Mr. Brooks' history had then been published but two years, and he was resident in the town of his boyhood. His was one of the earliest town histories, and despite some inaccuracies was one of the best. Up to 1857 no one had the courage to start a weekly paper in Medford by which current events might be chronicled, but on January 8 of that year there appeared the first of the Medford Journal, a paper devoted to news, literature, science and art. Mention has already been made of this in the Register, with a review of its initial number. During its all too brief existence occurred the annual town meeting, commonly styled the March meeting. This was held on the ninth day of the month (Monday, of course), and the Journal appeared on Thursday. The editor said:— The business of the town was transacted with great unanimit
egislative capacities as States, that the contract, as to them, is at an end; and also to those States that have not violated the Constitution, in their State capacities, that Georgia has resumed her sovereignty and delegated powers, but will not consider the compact dissolved as to them, but will most heartily co-operate with them in defending and protecting the Constitution which our fathers gave us, both in letter and in spirit. And, for the furtherance of this object, we therefore recommend the call of a Convention, without delay, of all those States that are willing to abide by the Constitution, to assemble on the 8th day of January next, at such place as the several States shall think most available, for the purpose of forming a Union; and that the several States call Conventions of their people to ratify their action in the same manner and form that the present Constitution was ratified; or in such other manner as the people of the several sovereign States shall think proper.
Inundation in Holland. --The dykes in Holland were broken in various places January 8th and 9th, sweeping away the houses of thousands of unfortunate creatures, who are wandering cold, hungry, and homeless upon the dykes. At night the rush of the torrent is distinctly heard at a considerable distance. --English paper.
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