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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
r the purpose of coercing any Southern State, as an act of invasion, which would be repelled. In support of this assertion, the Legislature passed resolutions, January 8. declaring that any attempt to coerce a State would be resisted by Virginia. Governor Letcher was at first opposed to a State Convention, but the Legislature ophists, coercing a Sovereign State, and therefore, they said, it must not be tolerated. At a convention of Union and Douglas men of the State, held on the 8th of January, 1861. it was resolved that the rights of Kentucky should be maintained in the Union. They were in favor of a convention of the Slave and Free-labor Border Sappointed five commissioners to confer with sister States on the great topic of the time. The Legislature of New Jersey met at Trenton, the capital, on the 8th of January. The Governor, Charles S. Olden, in his message, expressed a hope that the compromise measures in Congress might be adopted; if not, he recommended a convent
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 11: the Montgomery Convention.--treason of General Twiggs.--Lincoln and Buchanan at the Capital. (search)
his Cabinet, from allowing his fears or his inclinations to do the Republic serious harm. And when the National Fast-day which he had recommended had been observed, January 4, 1861. he spoke some brave words in a message sent in to Congress, January 8. saying, it was his right and his duty to use military force defensively against those who resist the Federal officers in the execution of their legal functions, and against those who assail the property of the Federal Government; yet he refusenan seemed determined to get through with the remainder of his term of office as quietly as possible, and as innocent of all offense toward the conspirators as a decent respect for the opinions of mankind would allow. In his Message on the 8th of January he said:--At the beginning of these unhappy troubles, I determined that no act of mine should increase the excitement in either section of the country. If the political conflict were to end in civil war, it was my determined purpose not to c
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 10: the last invasion of Missouri.--events in East Tennessee.--preparations for the advance of the Army of the Potomac. (search)
o the Confederates, had a disastrous effect upon the Union cause and people in that State, where the restoration of civil power in loyal hands, amply sustained by the military, had been, it was believed, made permanent. The occupation of Little Rock by General Steele in the autumn of 1863, and the seeming acquiescence of the Confederates in the necessity of giving up the State to National rule, emboldened the Unionists, who finally met, by delegates, in a State Constitutional Convention, Jan. 8. at Little Rock, in which forty-two of the fifty-four counties in the State were represented. A State Constitution was framed, whereby slavery was forever prohibited. Isaac C. Murphy, the only stanch Unionist in the Secession Convention of that State [see page 474, volume I.], was chosen Provisional Governor, and duly inaugurated, Jan. 22. with C. C. Bliss Lieutenant-Governor, and R. J. T. White Secretary of State. The Constitution was ratified March 14. by a vote of the people of the S
lying balls and shell. The Rebels left at 5, after a stay of ten hours, which they had improved to the utmost: thence proceeding to assail, in rapid succession, Coldwater, Davis's Mill, Middleburg, and Bolivar, farther north; but, though the defenders of each were fewer than Murphy might have rallied to his aid at Holly Springs, each was firmly held, and the raiders easily driven off. Murphy, it need hardly be added, was dismissed from the service in a stinging order Dated Holly Springs, Jan. 8. by Gen. Grant--said order to take effect from Dec. 20th, the date of his cowardly and disgraceful conduct. Grant had seasonably dispatched 4,000 men by rail to the relief of Holly Springs — or rather, to guard against the possibility of its capture, so vital was its importance; but they were stopped midway by some obstruction on the track, and only arrived two hours after the enemy had departed. Thus, by the baseness of one miscreant, were not only 2,000 men and several millions' wort
d service against raw, undisciplined troops, as Marmaduke's appear to have been. Springfield was held by Brig.-Gen. E. B. Brown, Missouri militia, whose entire strength can not have exceeded 1,200 men, mainly State militia, with 156 of the 118th Iowa, Lt.-Col. Thos. Cook, reinforced, on the instant, by some 300 convalescents from the hospitals, known in army jargon as the Quinine Brigade, Col. B. Crabb. With this motley force, Brown fought the Rebels bravely and skillfully from 10 A. M. Jan. 8. till dark; when they desisted and drew off, having taken one gun and lost some 200 men. Our loss was 14 killed, 145 wounded, and 5 missing; but among our wounded was Gen. Brown, whose valor had animated his men to fight gallantly, and whose able dispositions had probably saved the post. The Rebels moved eastward; their advance striking, Jan. 10. at daylight, at Wood's fork, the 21st Iowa, Col. Merrill, which, after some fighting, they flanked, moving by a more southerly route, on Hart
en. They were not long compelled to endure their necessarily painful anxiety. Next morning Jan. 16. after the capture, while the fort swarmed with our curious, exulting soldiers and sailors, its chief magazine exploded; killing about 200 of our men, and wounding perhaps 100 more. It was sunk deeply in the earth in the center of the parade, and well protected from casualty, but not from carelessness, to which its destruction is generally attributed. Gen. Schofield, whom we left Jan. 8. at Clifton, on the Tennessee, under orders to embark his 23d corps ( Army of Tennessee ) for Eastport, Miss., while preparing to obey, received Jan. 14. an order from Gen. Grant to report forthwith at Annapolis, Md.; whither he proceeded next day: moving by steamboats to Cincinnati, thence by rail to Alexandria, Va.; where he was for some time detained by the freezing of the Potomac: being thence dispatched by steamboats to the coast of North Carolina, landing Feb. 9. near Fort Fisher
by her commander, and taken possession of by South Carolina. December 28. Fort Moultrie and Castle Pinckney, at Charleston, seized. December 30. The United States arsenal at Charleston seized. January 2. Fort Macon and the United States arsenal at Fayetteville seized by North Carolina. January 3. Forts Pulaski and Jackson, and the United States arsenal at Savannah, seized by Georgia troops. January 4. Fort Morgan and the United States arsenal at Mobile seized by Alabama. January 8. Forts Johnson and Caswell, at Smithville, seized by North Carolina; restored by order of Gov. Ellis. January 9. The Star of the West, bearing reinforcements to Major Anderson, fired at in Charleston harbor. January 10. The steamer Marion seized by South Carolina; restored on the 11th. January 11. The United States arsenal at Baton Rouge, and Forts Pike, St. Philip, and Jackson, seized by Louisiana. January 12. Fort Barrancas and the navy-yard at Pensacola seized by Florida.
ur left, we were ordered to fall back to a more advantageous position. The regiment fell back in good order and re-formed, and was shortly afterward withdrawn from the field. The Kentuckians fought well on the left, the Virginians and Alabamians bravely on the right, but the heavy loss sustained by South Carolinians, in the centre, shows conclusively that she was in the heat of the fight, and that her suffering was as severe as any other regiment engaged. Palmetto. --Richmond Dispatch, Jan. 8. Rebels killed and wounded. The Norfolk Day Book, in its account of the fight, makes out the following losses: Regiments.Killed.Wounded.Missing.Total. Eleventh Virginia516122 Tenth Alabama15453090 Sixth South Carolina1844567 S. Carolina Artillery413--17 First Kentucky125834   Total4314344230 These figures are more likely to be below the real number than up to it. Gen. Ord's men found sixty-nine dead rebels on the battle-field, and as the proportion of wounded is generall
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 16: capture of fortifications around Richmond, Newmarket Heights, Dutch Gap Canal, elections in New York and gold conspiracy. (search)
ength and magnanimity, again to make such offers of peace and amity in the most beneficent terms and for the last time? By so doing shall we not in the eyes of the world have exhausted all the resources of statesmanship in an offer to restore peace to the country? Who shall hinder their returning, and if they will not come back who shall complain? Let us not permit the rebel after he has fought as long as he can then, if he chooses, to come back. Let us state some time, perhaps the 8th of January--for the association will be as good as any — for all to lay down their arms and submit to the laws; and when that hour is passed, and every man who shall reject the proffered amity of a great and powerful nation speaking in love, in charity, in kindness, in hope of peace and quiet forever to its rebel sons,--I say then let us meet him or them with sharp, quick, decisive war, which shall bring the Rebellion to an end forever, by the extinguishment of such men wherever they may be found.
Benjamnin F. Butler, Butler's Book: Autobiography and Personal Reminiscences of Major-General Benjamin Butler, Chapter 18: why I was relieved from command. (search)
y the Army of the Potomac, leaving the Army of the James to take care of Petersburg. But no such event happened. Everything of the official correspondence in relation to the current movements of the Army of the James went on without any intimation to me of any change of our official relations, and without any information as to any comment by Grant upon my report of the operations against Fort Fisher. I noticed nothing, except, perhaps, a want of cordiality in his manner. But on the 8th of January, about noon, I received, through the hands of Colonel Babcock, a crony of W. F. Smith, and a member of Grant's staff, who I had always known was bitterly opposed to me, a sealed envelope containing the following orders:-- War Department, Adjutant-General's office, Washington, Jan. 7, 1865. General Order No. 1. I. By direction of the President of the United States, Maj.-Gen. Benjamin F. Butler is relieved from the command of the Department of North Carolina and Virginia. Lieuten
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