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Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 1, Chapter 43: thirty-sixth Congress — Squatter sovereignty, 1859-61. (search)
honestly and faithfully observed and maintained by all who enjoy the benefits of our compact of union; and that all acts of individuals or of State Legislature to defeat the purpose or nullify the requirements of that provision, and the laws made in pursuance of it, are hostile in character, subversive of the Constitution, and revolutionary in their effect. These resolutions led to a protracted and earnest debate. They were finally-Mr. Davis writes--adopted seriatim, on the 24th and 25th of May, by a decided majority of the Senate (varying from thirty-three to thirty-six yeas against from two to twenty-one nays), the Democrats, both Northern and Southern, sustaining them unitedly, with the exception of one adverse vote (that of Mr. Pugh, of Ohio) on the fourth and sixth resolutions. The Republicans all voted against them or refrained from voting at all, except that Mr. Tenyck, of New Jersey, voted for the fifth and seventh of the series. Mr. Douglas, the leader if not the aut
Chapter 27: Jackson in the Valley. On May 8th, General Jackson formed a junction in the valley with General Edward Johnston. On May 25th Generals Jackson, Edward Johnston, and Ewell, drove the enemy across the Potomac into Maryland. Two thousand prisoners were taken. General Banks, the commander-in-chief, said, there never were more grateful hearts in the same number of men than when, at midday on the 26th, we stood on the opposite shore. General Geary moved to Manassas Junction, burned his tents and destroyed a quantity of arms, and General Duryea telegraphed to Washington for aid. A panic ensued in Washington, and the Secretary of War issued a call to the Governors of the loyal States for militia to defend the city. Jackson pressed eagerly on to disperse the garrisons at Charlestown and Harper's Ferry. General Winder's brigade drove the enemy in disorder from Charlestown toward the Potomac. When in the vicinity of Harper's Ferry, General Jackson, with an eff
ith artillery and attacked Pemberton at Big Black, defeated, and forced him to retire to Vicksburg. On the morning of the 18th, the troops were, from right to left, on the defence, and 102 pieces of artillery, mostly field pieces, were placed in position. Grant's army appeared before the city on the 18th. Pemberton relied upon the co-operation of a relieving army before any investment could be made, and had endeavored to secure supplies for the duration of an ordinary siege. On May 25th, General Grant telegraphed General Halleck at Washington: I can manage the force in Vicksburg and an attacking force of 30,000. My effective force is 50,000 ; and General Johnston telegraphed to Richmond that the troops he had at his disposal against Grant amounted to 24,000, not including Jackson's cavalry command. On May 18th, General Pemberton received by courier a communication from General Johnston containing these words: If Hayne's Bluff is untenable, Vicksburg is of no value an
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2, Chapter 67: the tortures inflicted by General Miles. (search)
any request that it be given. After some days this request was granted. Complained that the footfalls of the two sentries within his chamber made it difficult for him to collect his thoughts; but added cheerfully, that with this (touching his pipe) he hoped to become tranquil. During this period Mr. Stanton is said to have gone down and peered through the grating at the tortured man, and that General Miles favored his friends with peeps at him when they were at all curious. May 25th. I have a poor, frail body, he said, and though in my youth and manhood, while soldiering, I have done some rough camping and campaigning, there was flesh then to cover my nerves and bones; and that makes an important difference. May 26th. Happening to notice that his coffee stood cold and apparently untasted beside his bed in its tin cup, I remarked that here was a contradiction of the assertion implied in the old army question, Who ever saw cold coffee in a tin cup? referring to
vateering, which gave thirty days for all vessels in Southern ports to leave, but made no provision for vessels arriving after its passage.--New Orleans Picayune, May 25. The Senate of Kentucky passed resolutions that that State will not sever her connection with the National Government, nor take up arms for either belligerenarty, but arm herself for the protection of peace within her borders, and tender her services as a mediator to effect a just and honorable peace.--Ohio Statesman, May 25. join Lothrop motley published an article on the Causes of the civil War in America, in the London Times of this day.--(Doc. 146 1/2.) Jefferson Davis isscavalry regular army; and twenty-five hundred District of Columbia troops, also participated in the movement on Virginia — making in all 13,000 men.--N. Y. Times, May 25. A little before 5 o'clock A. M., the commander of U. S. steamer Pawnee, lying in the Potomac, off Alexandria, Va., sent a flag of truce to the rebel forces, g
May 25. Colonel Duryea's Zouaves arrived at Fortress Monroe, Va., this morning by the Alabama, and encamped near the Hampton Bridge, with the Vermont and Troy regiments. The Pembroke also arrived with two companies of Massachusetts troops. There are now about 6,000 men within or under the walls of the fortress. The Quaker City came up to the fortress with a rich prize this morning — the bark Winnifred, of Richmond, from Rio Janeiro, laden with coffee. Gen. Butler, accompanied by acting Adjutant-Gen. Tallmadge, and his aids, made a dashing reconnoissance several miles between the James and York Rivers. A picket guard of rebels fled on their approach. Three fugitives, the property of Col. Mallory, commander of the rebel forces near Hampton, were brought in to Fortress Monroe by the picket guard yesterday. They represent that they were about to be sent South, and hence sought protection. Major Cary came in with a flag of truce, and claimed their rendition under the Fugiti
May 25. General Banks at Winchester, Va., with about four thousand men, was attacked and compelled to retreat by Gen. (Stonewall) Jackson and Ewell with fifteen thousand men.--(Docs. 15 and 102.) The Government of the United States called for additional troops, and issued the following order: Ordered — By virtue of the authority vested by an act of Congress, the President takes military possession of all the railroads in the United States from and after this date until further orders, and directs that the respective railroad companies, their officers and servants, shall hold themselves in readiness for the transportation of troops and munitions of war, as may be ordered by the military authorities, to the exclusion of all other business. The National forces under Gen. McDowell, advanced towards Richmond, and encamped on the Massaponax, six miles from Fredericksburgh. The news of General Banks's defeat, and the sudden call of the Secretary of War upon the State
May 25. The National forces under the command of General Michael Corcoran, were engaged in destroying the Norfolk and Petersburgh Railroads, Va.--A body of rebels crossed the Cumberland River at Fishing Creek and Hartford, Ky., but were driven back by the National troops after a brief skirmish.--An expedition from Germantown, Miss., under Colonel McCrellis, attacked a rebel force at Senatobia, and drove them south of the Tallahatchie River, with a loss of six killed and three wounded of their number.
arly toward our right and continued at slow intervals through the forenoon. Later in the day the mortars played upon the city with great fury. A continual war was kept up to the close of the day, and through the night until next morning. Monday, May 25.--The same boisterous and belligerent demonstrations were still going on and presented nothing different from the preceding six days. Along the lines every thing was quiet, which was occasioned by a flag of truce to bury the dead. At five P.-Skirmishing very heavy. The enemy made no attempt to charge, but were discovered to be undermining our works for the purpose of blowing them up. They were driven off, however, by hand-grenades thrown by our boys. They were very destructive. May 25.--Heavy skirmishing all day with artillery and small arms continued until about four o'clock, when the enemy sent in a flag of truce, asking for permission to bury their dead. Hostilities ceased for the night. The mortar-boats were also engaged
e attack. We have returned to camp. Hark! the alarm gun has fired. We doubled quick to our position. We are waiting for the advance of the enemy. Company F is out as skirmishers. The Yanks have been driven back. We are leaving our position. May 24.--There is heavy skirmishing all along the line. I think we will get a chance shortly. The Yanks are using their artillery in the woods. The lower fleet is firing. Our cavalry made a charge and killed several, also the commander. May 25.--We were thrown out as skirmishers at two o'clock A. M., and slept on our arms. At daybreak we were deployed forward. Skirmishing commenced at nine o'clock. We have killed one and wounded two, which we captured; also, killed one and captured one horse, also three repeaters, two sabres and two saddles. We killed one. The engagement began at one, and continued six hours. We had a hot time, sure. We repulsed the enemy, first with yells, then the artillery opened on them. They dusted.
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