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express a thought with the greatest effect, the orator by his eloquence, or the actor by his gestures. Macrobius, who relates this anecdote, goes on to say that these exercises gave Roscius so high an opinion of his art, that he wrote a work in which he compared eloquence and acting. Like Aesopus, Roscius realized an immense fortune by his profession. Macrobius says that he made a thousand denarii a day, and Pliny relates that his yearly profits were fifty millions of sesterces. He died in B. C. 62, as Cicero, in his oration for Archias (100.8), which was delivered in that year, speaks of his death as a recent event. (Cic. de Div. 1.36, 2.31, de Orat. 1.27-29, 59, 60, 2.57, 59, 3.26, 59, de Leg. 1.4, Brut. 84; Plut. Cie. 5 ; Macr. 2.10; V. Max. 8.7.7; Plin. Nat. 7.39. s. 40.) A scholiast on Cicero gives the cognomen Gallus to Q. Roscius, but it does not occur elsewhere, as far as we know. (Schol. Bob. pro Arch. p. 357, ed. Orelli.) In B. C. 68 Cicero pleaded the cause of his friend
She was the daughter of Livia, the sister of the celebrated M. Livius Drusus, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 91. Her mother Livia was married twice; first to M. Cato, by whom she had M. Cato Uticensis, and next to Q. Servilius Caepio, by whom she became the mother of this Servilia, and of her sister spoken of below. Servilia. herself was married twice; first to M. Junius Brutus [BRUTUS, No. 20], by whom she became the mother of the murderer of Caesar, and secondly to D. Junius Silanus, consul B. C. 62. This Servilia was the favourite mistress of the dictator Caesar, and seems to have fascinated him more by her genius than her personal charms. Caesar's love for her is mentioned as early as B. C. 63 (Plut. Cat. 24, Brut. 5), and continued, apparently unabated, to the time of his death, nearly twenty years afterwards. The scandal-mongers at Rome related various tales about her, which we may safely disbelieve. Thus she is said to have introduced her own daughter, Junia Tertia, to Caesar's e
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
vour of inflicting the extreme punishment upon the conspirators; but after the speech of Caesar, he said that he should vote in favour of the proposition of Tib. Nero, who had recommended that they should be kept in prison till Catiline was conquered, affirming that he had not recommended that they should be put to death, but that they should be imprisoned, as this was the extreme of punishment to a Roman senator. (Cic. de Off. 2.16, ad Att. 1.1; Sall. Cat. 50 ; Cic. in Cat. 4.4, ad Att. 12.21.7; Appian, App. BC 2.5; Suet. Caes. 14 ; Plut. Cic. 20, 21, Cat. 22). Silanus was consul B. C. 62, with L. Licinius Murena, along with whom he proposed the Lex Licinia Junia, which enacted that a rogatio must be promulgated three nundines before the people voted upon it. It confirmed the Lex Caecilia Didia (Cic. pro Sest. 64, in Vatin. 14, Phil. 5.3, ad Att. 2.9, 4.16). Pliny (Plin. Nat. 2.35) speaks of Silanus as proconsul. As an orator Silanus owed more to nature than to study. (Cic. Brut. 68.
1. P. Sittius, of Nuceria in Campania, was one of the adventurers, bankrupt in character and fortune, but possessing considerable ability, who abounded in Rome during the latter years of the republic. He was connected with Catiline, and went to Spain in B. C. 64, from which country he crossed over into Mauritania in the following year. It was said that P. Sulla had sent him into Spain to excite an insurrection against the Roman government; and Cicero accordingly, when he defended Sulla, in B. C. 62, was obliged also to undertake the defence of his friend Sittius, and to deny the truth of the charges that had been brought against him. The orator represented Sittius as his own friend, and pointed out how his father had remained true to the Romans during the Marsic war. (Cic. pro Sull. 20.) Sittius, however, did not return to Rome. His property in Italy was sold to pay his debts, and he continued in Africa, where he fought with great success in the wars of the kings of the country, selli
Tere'ntia 2. Also called TERENTILLA, the wife of Maecenas. Dio Cassius (54.3) speaks of her as a sister of Murena and of Proculeius. The full name of this Murena was A. Terentius Varro Murena: he was perhaps the son of L. Licinius Murena, who was consul B. C. 62, and was adopted by A. Terentius Varro. Murena would thus have been the adopted brother of Terentia: Proculeius was probably only the cousin of Murena. [See Vol. III. p. 540b.] We know nothing of the early history of Terentia, nor the time of her marriage with Maecenas. She was a very beautiful woman, and as licentious as most of the Roman ladies of her age. She was one of the favourite mistresses of Augustus; and Dio Cassius relates (54.19) that there was a report at Rome that the emperor visited Gaul in B. C. 16, simply to enjoy the society of Terentia unmolested by the lampoons which it gave occasion to at Rome. The intrigue between Augustus and Terentia is said by Dio Cassius to have disturbed the good understanding whic
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
l as private matters. (Caes. Civ. 3.18; Strab. xiii. p.617.) He was not a freedman of Pompey, as some modern writers have supposed (Burmann, ad Vell. Pat. 2.18); but the Roman general appears to have made his acquaintance during the Mithridatic war, and soon became so much attached to him that he presented to the Greek the Roman franchise in the presence of his army, after a speech in which he eulogised his merits. (Cic. pro Arch. 10 ; V. Max. 8.14.3.) This occurred in all probability about B. C. 62, and Theophanes must now have taken the name of Pompeius after his patron. Such was his influence with Pompey, that, in the course of the same year, he obtained for his native city the privileges of a free state, although it had espoused the cause of Mithridates, and had given up the Roman general M'. Aquillius to the king of Pontus. (Plut. Pomp. 12.) Theophanes came to Rome with Pompey after the conclusion of his wars in the East. There he adopted, before he had any son, L. Corneiius Balbu
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Torqua'tus, Ma'nlius 15. L. Manlius Torquatus, son of No. 13, accused of bribery, in B. C. 66, the consuls elect, P. Cornelius Sulla and P. Autronius Paetus, as is related above, and thus secured the consulship for his father. He was closely connected with Cicero during the praetorship (B. C. 65) and consulship (B. C. 63) of the latter. In B. C. 62 he brought a second accusation against P. Sulla, whom he now charged with having been a party to both of Catiline's conspiracies. Sulla was defended by Hortensius and by Cicero in a speech which is still extant, and through the eloquence of his advocates, and the support of the aristocratical party, he obtained a verdict in his favour. In B. C. 54 Torquatus defended Gabinius when he was accused by Sulla. Torquatus, like his father, belonged to the aristocratical party, and accordingly opposed Caesar on the breaking out of the civil war in B. C. 49. He was praetor in that year, and was stationed at Alba with six cohorts; but on the fall of C
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Varro, Tere'ntius 6. A TERENTIUS VARRO MURENA, consul B. C. 23, is spoken of under MURENA, No. 7. Drumann conjectures that he was the son of L. Lieinius Murena, consul B. C. 62, and was adopted by A. Terentius Varro; but as A. Varro is also called Murena [No. 5], he may have been own son of A. Varro, as Manutius supposed.
Virgi'lius 2. C. Virgilius, was praeter B. C. 62, and had Q. Cicero, the brother of the orator, as one of his colleagues. In the following year, B. C. 61, he governed Sicily as propraetor, where P. Clodius served under him as quaestor. He was still in Sicily in B. C. 58, when Cicero was banished; and notwithstanding his friendship with Cicero, and his having been a colleague of his brother in the praetorship, he refused to allow Cicero to seek refuge in his province. (Cic. pro Planc. 40, ad Q. Fr. 1.2.2; Schol. Bob. in Clod. p. 333, ed. Orelli; Plut. Cic. 32.) In the civil war Virgilius espoused the Pompeian party, and had the command of Thapsus, together with a fleet, in B. C. 46. After the battle of Thapsus, Virgilius at first refused to surrender the town; but when he saw that all resistance was hopeless, he subsequently surrendered the place to Caninius Rebilus, whom Caesar had left to besiege it. (Hirt. B. Afr. 28, 86, 93.)
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Decimus Silanus (search)
Decimus Silanus Junius, stepfather of Marcus Brutus, consul (62), aedile, 2.57.
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