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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Scribo'nia Gens plebeian, is first mentioned at the time of the second Punic war, but the first member of it who obtained the consulship was C. Scribonius Curio in B. C. 76. The principal families in the gens are those of CURIO and LIBO ; and besides these we meet with one or two other surnames in the imperial period, which are given below. On coins Libo is the only cognomen which is found.
was acknowledged in every part of the peninsula which had ever felt the Roman arms. Some time in B. C. 77 Pompeius was appointed by the senate to command in Spain. Pompeius was only an eques; but in reply to the question in the senate if an eques should be sent as proconsul, L. Philippus wittily replied, not " pro consule," but "pro consulibus." Pompeius was entrusted with equal authority with Metellus, an unwise measure, which bred jealousy between the commanders. Pompeius left Italy in B. C. 76, with thirty thousand infantry and a thousand cavalry, and he crossed the Alps between the sources of the Po and the Rhone, as Appian states (Bell. Civ. 1.109). He entered Spain, and advanced to the Ebro (Iberus) without meeting resistance. (Ep. Pomp. Frag. Sallust. lib. iii.) He probably marched near the coast, and advanced into Valencia to relieve Lauro, on the Xucar (Sucro) which Sertorius was besieging. But Pompeius was out-man├Žuvred by his opponent, and compelled to retire with the los
Sici'nius 12. CN. or L. SICINIUS, tribune of the plebs B. C. 76, was the first magistrate who ventured to attack the law of Sulla, which deprived the tribunes of their former power. He abused the leaders of the aristocracy very freely, and especially C. Curio. His only qualification as an orator, says Cicero, was being able to make people laugh. It has been erroneously inferred, from a passage in Sallust, that he was murdered by the ruling party. (Cic. Brut. 60 ; Pseudo-Ascon. in Divin. p. 103, ed. Orelli; Quint. Inst. 11.3.129; Plut. Crass. 7 ; Sall. Hist. 3.22; Drumann, Geschichte Roms, vol. iv. p. 385.)
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Tigranes Asiaticus (search)
of Syria to a viceroy Magadates, while he himself continued to reside in the upper provinces of his kingdom (Appian, l.c.). Here he followed the example of so many other Eastern despots, by founding a new capital which he named after himself, Tigranocerta (Strab. xi. p.532). It was his connection with Mithridates that, by bringing him into collision with the power of Rome, paved the way for his downfal. When that monarch was preparing to renew the contest with Rome after the death of Sulla (B. C. 76), he was desirous to obtain the support of his son-in-law by involving him in the same quarrel, and in consequence instigated Tigranes to invade Cappadocia. The Armenian king swept that country with a large army, and is said to have carried off into captivity no less than 300,000 of the inhabitants, a large portion of whom he settled in his newly-founded capital of Tigranocerta (Appian, Mithr. 67 ; Strab. xi. p.532; Memnon, 100.43). But in other respects he appears to have furnished little
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller), Gaius Curio (search)
Gaius Curio Scribonius, 2.59. orator and statesman, 3.88. consul(76).
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