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Historic leaves, volume 4, April, 1905 - January, 1906 1 1 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Penn, William 1644- (search)
ppearing against him, he was discharged. Not long afterwards, a letter from the exiled monarch to Penn, asking him to come to France, having been intercepted, he was again brought before the council, in presence of King William. Penn declared his friendship for James, but did not approve his policy, and he was again discharged. In 1690 he was a third time accused, and was arrested on a charge of conspiracy, tried by the court of the King's Bench, and acquitted. The charge was renewed, in 1691, by a man who was afterwards branded by the House of Commons as a cheat, a rogue, and a false accuser. In the mean time Pennsylvania had been much disturbed by civil and religious quarrels, and, in 1692, the monarchs deprived Penn of his authority as governor of the province, and directed Governor Fletcher, of New York, to assume the administration. Powerful friends interceded in Penn's behalf, and he was honorably acquitted (November, 1693) by the King and council. Three months later hi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Schuyler, Peter 1710-1762 (search)
. When, in 1686, Albany was incorporated a city, young Schuyler and Robert Livingston went to New York for the charter, and Schuyler was appointed the first mayor under it, which office he held eight years. In 1688 he was appointed major of the militia, and towards the close of the following year he was put in command of the fort at Albany. It was at about that time that Milborne attempted to take possession of the fort. He was successfully resisted by Schuyler and some Mohawk Indians. In 1691 Schuyler led an expedition that penetrated to La Prairie, near Montreal. After several skirmishes, in which he lost nineteen white men and Indians, and killed about 200 Frenchmen and Indians, he returned to Albany. He was a member of the New York Assembly from 1701 until 1713. In 1710 he went to England with five chiefs of the Five Nations, at his own expense, for the purpose of impressing them with the greatness of the English nation, and so detaching them from the French; and to arouse
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
State of Texas, The first European settlement made in Texas was by La Salle, in 1685, by accident. In 1689 Captain De Leon, a Spanish officer, was sent to drive out the French. He found them scattered, and the next year he returned with 110 men and some friars, and on the site of a fort built by La Salle, on Matagorda Bay, established a Spanish mission. A Spanish governor, with troops, was State seal of Texas. sent thither in 1691, but Indian hostilities and menaces of famine caused the settlement to be abandoned in 1693. In 1714 the French again attempted to plant settlements in Texas, under the direction of Crozat, of Louisiana. Soon afterwards (1715) Spanish missions were planted at various points in the present domain of Texas; the name of New Philippines was given to the country, and a governorgeneral was appointed. The Indians slaughtered the people at some of the missions, and in 1765 there were not more than 750 white inhabitants in Texas. Texas was a part of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Woodbridge. John 1614-1691 (search)
Woodbridge. John 1614-1691 Clergyman; born in Stanton, England, in 1614; emigrated to the Massachusetts colony in 1634; ordained minister of Andover, Oct. 24, 1645. Two years later he returned to England where he remained until 1663, when he again removed to Massachusetts. He died in Newbury, Mass.. July 1, 1691.
cted and burned, but no suspicion seems to have entered the minds of the observers that there was anything valuable involved. The artificial production of gas from coal dates in the seventeenth century, and the early examples of its manufacture and use are as follows: — Dr. Clayton, rector of Crofton, England, distilled illuminating gas from coal, and detailed the experiment to his friend Dr. Boyle, in 1688. Dr. Boyle announced it to the Royal Society before his death, which happened in 1691. Dr. Clayton obtained what he called an uncondensable spirit, which, as it issued in a jet, was caught in a bladder and used for experiments; the gas being repeatedly lighted and blown out. About fifty years afterwards the account was published in the Philosophical Transactions, and appears to have drawn attention to the subject, as from this point we find a chain of experimenters and then a line of practical developers. If the series is to be briefly stated, we shall give it thus; Dr.
es for the upper. It was used in France as early as A. D. 1515. The illustration q, Plate XL. page 1692, is from Bonanni's Gabinetto Armonico, 4to, Rome, 1722. The spinet was always triangular, and occupied a place in point of time between the virginal and the harpsichord. Unlike the former, its strings were strained over a bent bridge, and were struck by quills; and, unlike the latter, it had but a single string to a note. See history of the development of the piano-forte, pages 1690, 1691. Lord Bacon says: In spinets, as soon as the spine is let fall to touch the string, the sound ceases. The name was also applied to a supplementary instrument tuned an octave above the harpsichord, and placed on or inside that instrument, in some cases sliding therein like a drawer. Spin′ner. A general term for a spinning-machine. See spinning. Spinner. Specifically applied to a form of drawing and twisting device, as in Fig. 5401. The twisting devices are placed in proximit
rterial blood from a lamb into the veins of a child. Subsequently calf's blood was infused into the veins of a maniac, who, shortly after, regained his reason. These successes led to numerous other attempts of the kind, but the general results were such that the practice was forbidden by the Parliament of Paris in 1668. The injections were, in these cases, performed by means of a common syringe. The operation was performed in England at the same period, and was practiced by Lower, 1691. A man that the college [Gresham] have hired for 20s to have some of the blood of a sheep let into his body, and it is to be done on Saturday next. They purpose to let in about 12 ounces, which they compute will be let in in a minute's time by a watch. — Pepys's Diary, 21 Nov., 1667. The experiment was performed at Arundel House two days afterward, upon the person of Arthur Coga. ( Phil. Trans., No. 30, page 557.) Pepys states that, on the 14th November, 1666, the blood of one do
forms and combinations having been in use for nearly three centuries at the time the piano-forte was introduced, it is hardly worth while to give credit to any particular person at that late date for the invention of an instrument in which the strings of a prostrate harp were struck by hammers. The improvements on that well known device were, however. great, and the piano may be sail to date from that of B. Christofori of Florence, 1711. See A, Fig. 3686, and accompanying description, page 1691. Vis-à--Vis. A dress-carriage for town use. Vise. 1. An instrument with two jaws, between which an object may be clamped securely, leaving both hands free for work. The hand-vise is not a vise proper, but has a tang which is grasped by one hand, while the other holds the tool to work upon the object held. A better definition could hardly be given than that of the Autocrat of the Breakfast-table, when vicepresident at a feast where the presiding officer was too voluble and gav
ay. They are sometimes three years in boring these wells to the depth necessary to reach the springs they are intended to attain. See artesian well. In Europe, the province of Artois has been noted for its bored wells since early in the twelfth century, and one is shown at Lillers which is believed to have been bored in 1126. See artesian well. The arms of Modena, several hundreds of years back, were a pair of well-boring augers; and a professor of medicine of that city wrote, in 1691, a treatise on physics, which explained the mode of boring for water. The first notice of boring in England was not for the purposes of a well, but to ascertain the solidity of the foundation of St. Paul's, a number of crypts and structures having successively stood upon the same spot, and it was difficult to determine how much of the slight eminence was debris and how much reliable for supporting the ponderous building Sir Christopher Wren designed to erect. Toward the end of the last
and it has had a good history as the First Church in Newton. Rev. Urian Oakes was the minister here from 1671 for ten years, and acting-president and president of the college from 1675 to 1681. Rev. Nathaniel Gookin, son of the famous Major-General Daniel Gookin, assisted Mr. Oakes for two years, and followed him as the pastor of the church from 1682 to 1692. In his time, the people of Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, were begging to be set off as a separate precinct, and this was granted in 1691. In 1696 the church at Lexington was formed. Thus the church here was losing on both sides. Rev. William Brattle, a tutor in the college, became the minister in 1696, and remained till 1717. In that time the third meeting-house was erected where the second had been. Then came the long pastorate of Rev. Nathaniel Appleton, from 1717 to 1784. The fourth meeting-house came in his time, and on the old site. An Episcopal church was opened in 1761. During this time Whitefield was arousing t
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