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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whipple, Abraham 1733- (search)
Whipple, Abraham 1733- Naval officer; born in Providence, R. I., Sept. 16, 1733; went to sea in early life; commanded a ship in the West India trade, and in 1759-60 was captain of a privateer, capturing in a single cruise twenty-six French vessels. His vessel was called the Game Cock. In June, 1772, Whipple commanded the volunteers who burned the Gaspee in Narraganset Bay. In 1775 he was put in command of two armed vessels fitted out by Rhode Island, and was given the title of commodore. With these he drove Sir James Wallace, in command of the frigate Rose, out of Narraganset Bay. He was in command of a flotilla in the harbor of Charleston at the time of the siege and capture of that city in 1780. On March 21 of that year, the British marine force, under Admiral Arbuthnot, crossed the bar at Charleston. It consisted of one 54-gun ship, two 44-gun ships, four of thirty-two guns, and the Sandwich, also an armed ship. Whipple was in the outer harbor with a flotilla of small
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilmington, N. C. (search)
Wilmington, N. C. City, port of entry, and county seat of New Hanover county, N. C.; on Cape Fear River, about 20 miles front the Atlantic Ocean. It was originally laid out under the name of Newton in 1733; was incorporated as a borough in 1760, and chartered as a city in 1866; and was one of the most noted ports for blockade-runners in the first four years of the Civil War. In December, 1864, a combined naval and military expedition was sent against Fort Fisher, an earthwork of great strength and the principal protection of New Inlet, the chief entrance to Cape Fear River. For results of this expedition see Fisher, Fort.
ric-telegraph. Otto Guericke, of Magdeburg, discovered that there was a repulsive as well as an attractive force in electricity, observing that a globe of sulphur, after attracting a feather to it, repelled it until the feather had again been placed in contact with some other substance. Newton, in 1675, observed signs of electrical excitement in a rubbed plate of glass. Hawkesbee, who wrote in 1709, also observed similar phenomena; and Dulay in the Memoirs of the French Academy, between 1733 and 1737, generalized so far as to lay down the principle that electric bodies attract all those which are not so, and repel them as soon as they have become electric by the vicinity or contact of the electric body. Dufay also discovered that a body electrified by contact with a resinous substance repelled another electrified in a similar way, and attracted one which had been electrified by contact with glass. He thence concluded that the electricity derived from those two sources was o
e project was that of the Abbe Laudati, and was legalized in 1662. In 1671 the lamps were ordered to be lighted from the 20th of October to the end of March, having previously been kept lighted only during the four winter months; at this time the lamps were kept burning on moonlight nights as well as others. Their number in 1771 was estimated at 6.232. Amsterdam had street lanterns in 1669; The Hague, 1678; Copenhagen, 1681; Hamburg, 1675; Berlin, 1682; Vienna, 1704; Birmingham, England, 1733. For lighting by gas, see gas. Street-lamp. In the example, the glass is in a single piece, flaring at top, and having an opening at the bottom to receive the burner. The cover, to which it is attached, is conical in shape, is supported by four rods affixed to the top of the lamp-post, and is capped by a perforated hood. James L. Ewin's street-lamp has a supply of naphtha or other oil sufficient to last for a week or longer, contained within a reservoir located in or beneath the
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 1: travellers and explorers, 1583-1763 (search)
the first stopping place, where she found the other guests tyed by the Lipps to a pewter engine, and the next day's guide, whose shade on his Hors resembled a Globe on a Gate post, there was scarcely a stage of her journey which did not provide its subject for entertaining comment. An equal appreciation of the fact that mileage and food are not the only things worth recording by those who go abroad gives permanent value to the diaries kept by the second William Byrd of Westover in 1732 and 1733, when he followed the course of Edward Bland in searching for the likeliest Virginian land-holdings. Byrd was a model for all who journey in company, for he broke not the Laws of Travelling by uttering the least Complaint at inopportune torrents or an impertinent Tooth . .. that I cou'd not grind a Biscuit but with much deliberation and presence of mind. He contriv'd to get rid of this troublesome Companion by cutting a Caper, with a stout cord connecting the tooth and the snag of a log. Th
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 4: Edwards (search)
The result was inevitable. The people of Northampton listened to Edwards for a time; were rapt out of themselves; suffered the relapse of natural indolence; grew resentful under the efforts to keep them in a state of exaltation; and freed themselves of the burden when it became intolerable. At first all went well. Stoddard, in whose declining years the discipline of the church had been somewhat relaxed, died in 1729, and the fervour of his successor soon began to tell on the people. In 1733, as Edwards notes in his Narrative of surprising Conversions, there was a stirring in the conscience of the young, who had hitherto been prone to the awful sin of frolicking. The next year the sudden conversion of a young woman, who had been one of the greatest company keepers in the whole town, came upon the community like a flash of lightning ; the Great Awakening was started, which was to run over New England like a burning fire, with consequences not yet obliterated. The usual accompani
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Henry Walcott Boynton, Reader's History of American Literature, Chapter 3: the Philadelphia period (search)
ter, keener, more deft, more delightful. Tyler, Literary history of the American Revolution, II. 365. One of the two works of pure literature for which he is now best known, however, Poor Richard. Poor Richard's almanac, belongs to the earlier period. The almanac was an established institution long before Franklin gave it standing as literature. The first matter of any length to be printed in America was an almanac published in Cambridge in 1639; and when, nearly a century later (1733), Poor Richard began to appear, it could differ only in degree of excellence from many of its predecessors and contemporaries. Among its most formidable competitors were the Astronomical diary and almanac of Nathaniel Ames, a Massachusetts man, father of Fisher Ames, and the Rhode Island almanac of Franklin's brother James. These publications were respectively eight and five years older than the Philadelphia almanac; and they have much of the varied humor and wisdom which, touched with the
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 2 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.), Chapter 18: Prescott and Motley (search)
roads, the perilous crossing of rivers, the intolerable inns, and the coarse speech of the inland rustics. John Seccomb (1708-93) wrote a piece of verse called Father Abbey's will (1732) facetiously describing the estate of Matthew Abdy, sweeper, bed-maker, and bottle-washer to Harvard College. These lines found their way into The gentleman's magazine. Joseph Green, See also Book I, Chap. IX. who became well known for his puns, has left us some mischievous lines on Doctor Byles's cat (1733). The popular impression of Green is embodied in an epitaph which was written for him by one of his friends: Siste, Viator, Here lies one Whose life was whim, whose soul was pun, And if you go too near his hearse, He'll joke you both in prose and verse. These few specimens show, if they show nothing more, that other spirits than Cotton Mather and Jonathan Edwards were alive in America in the eighteenth century. The Revolution produced its humour chiefly in the form of political sa
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 2, chapter 30 (search)
. Hargrave, Sir Samuel Romilly, Lord Loughborough (Wedderburne),—judges and lawyers who were engaged in the courts during the last quarter of the last century and the first quarter of the present. Four examples of these sketches are given:— Lord Hardwicke. Perhaps this is the greatest name after Lord Bacon in the English Chancery. He was born at Dover, 1690, and was called to the bar, 1715. At the age of twenty-nine, in 1720, he became Solicitor-General; in 1724, Attorney-General; in 1733, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, as successor to Lord Raymond; in 1737, Chancellor, with the title of Baron Hardwicke (his name was Philip Yorke); in 1754 he was created Earl of Hardwicke. He resigned his high office in 1756, and died in 1764. His influence in the House of Lords is said to have been greater than that of any other person in the kingdom. But it is as a great magistrate that he commands the homage of the bar. It is said that, during the twenty years that he presided in Cha
n of a fire-engine in Cambridge is dated March 3, 1755, when, upon the motion of Capt. Ebenezer Stedman and others, referring to the town's agreeing with Henry Vassall Esq., who has an Engine and is willing the same should be improved for the town's use on certain conditions, the question was put whether the town would act on said motion, and it passed in the negative. In all probability, however, the town then possessed one or more engines. Boston had one before 1679, and seven as early as 1733; Drake's Hist. Boston, 431, 593. and Cambridge would not be likely to remain entirely destitute. Yet the machines then in use might seem almost worthless, compared with the powerful steam-engines recently introduced. The Town Record of Births and Deaths in the last three quarters of the eighteenth century is very imperfect; all the deaths recorded between 1722 and 1772 are contained on two folio pages. Professor Winthrop inserted brief bills of mortality, for a few years, in his inte
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