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Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 49: letters to Europe.—test oath in the senate.—final repeal of the fugitive-slave act.—abolition of the coastwise slave-trade.—Freedmen's Bureau.—equal rights of the colored people as witnesses and passengers.—equal pay of colored troops.—first struggle for suffrage of the colored people.—thirteenth amendment of the constitution.— French spoliation claims.—taxation of national banks.— differences with Fessenden.—Civil service Reform.—Lincoln's re-election.—parting with friends.—1863-1864. (search)
nner of the Massachusetts Club in Boston. and particularly of Seward, in his Cabinet, weakened his position with that large body of loyal men who insisted on a direct and aggressive policy against slavery; and finally his treatment of reconstruction brought him into collision not only with radical leaders, but with wise and conservative men, who believed that it was a subject which belonged to Congress, and could not be safely intrusted to the exclusive discretion of the Executive. In January, 1864, there was a conference in Washington of members of Congress and citizens from different parts of the country to consult upon the nomination of Mr. Lincoln's successor, in which Mr. Chase appeared to be the favorite candidate. Two months later, March 10, Mr. Pomeroy, senator from Kansas, explained this movement in the Senate, and avowed his connection with it. Mr. Chase's candidacy, as well as the nomination of Fremont at Cleveland, came to no result; but the discontent remained during
Edward L. Pierce, Memoir and letters of Charles Sumner: volume 4, Chapter 50: last months of the Civil War.—Chase and Taney, chief-justices.—the first colored attorney in the supreme court —reciprocity with Canada.—the New Jersey monopoly.— retaliation in war.—reconstruction.—debate on Louisiana.—Lincoln and Sumner.—visit to Richmond.—the president's death by assassination.—Sumner's eulogy upon him. —President Johnson; his method of reconstruction.—Sumner's protests against race distinctions.—death of friends. —French visitors and correspondents.—1864-1865. (search)
statement in his speech, April 11, 1865, that this plan was approved by every member of the Cabinet at a meeting where he submitted it was at once corrected by Chase, then chief-justice, in a letter to Mr. Lincoln, April 12. Mr. Chase had at the meeting objected to the restriction of suffrage to the class qualified before the rebellion. Schuckers's Life of Chase, pp. 516, 517. The old basis of suffrage, excluding colored persons, was maintained. Under orders from General Banks, issued in January and February, 1864, which prescribed the conditions of suffrage (one limiting it to male white citizens) and other details of the elections, State officers and delegates to a constitutional convention were chosen and a constitution adopted. Some of these orders were curious specimens of mixed civil and military pretensions—one of them forbidding open hostility to the proceedings, and declaring that indifference will be treated as crime, and faction as treason. The orders had no warrant in
d Corps) for their gallantry in repulsing the enemy's attack on the head of the column. Adjutant-General's report, January, 1864, p. 1011; Official War Records, 48, 312. In the brilliant combat Dodge's Bird's Eye View, p. 167. at Bristoe Spresented the national and State flags; and that of the 29th by New York regiments Mass. Adjutant-General's Reports (January, 1864), p. 313. Compare Macnamara's Irish Ninth, pp. 52, 68, 79, etc. As a rule, they showed the fighting characteristics o, 201; 22d, 194; 28th, 200; 32d, 312; 54th, 73; provost guard, 224. Total, 2,944. (Mass. Adjutant General's Report, January, 1864, p. 27.) As to the curse of conscription, see Walker's 2d Army Corps, p. 11. In Massachusetts, as this exhibit shows,camp at Readville, before departure to the front. For facts as to desertion, see Mass. Adjutant-General's Report (January, 1864), p. 928, (January, 1865), pp. 195, 953; Bowen's Massachusetts in the Civil War, pp 131, 760, 848, 851; Official War
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Third regiment Massachusetts Heavy Artillery. (search)
ss. Heavy Artillery was organized in the autumn of 1864, and was composed of the 3d and 6th to 16th Unattached Cos. of Heavy Artillery. Of these, the 3d and 6th to the 13th Cos. were mustered into service in 1863: the 3d on Jan. 10, 1863, the 6th May 19, and the remainder were mustered on dates varying from August to November, having served since their muster in the forts on the Massachusetts coast. On the organization of the companies into the 3d Heavy Artillery, the 13th (mustered in January, 1864), the 14th and 15th (in May), the 16th (in August), were added, and the regiment (with the exception of Co. I, which was on detached service) engaged in the defences of Washington, being stationed at the forts in the vicinity of the city during its entire service. Co. I, recruited mainly from Springfield, Mass., never actually joined the regiment. Having been mustered Feb. 10, 1864, it sailed for Fortress Monroe March 7, and was assigned to engineer duty under Capt. F. U. Farquhar, chi
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Fourth battery Massachusetts Light Artillery. (search)
ed without loss at Bonfouca, La., Nov. 26, 1862, and again on December 23. The section which accompanied General Weitzel's brigade through the La Fourche district was engaged at Labadievllle, La., Oct. 25, 1862. In the spring of 1863 the battery took part in the siege of Port Hudson, being in action on May 27 and June 13 and 14. It was next engaged in the expedition to the Teche from Oct. 3 to Nov. 16, 1863, being engaged at Vermilion Bayou, La., October 9 and also on November 11. In January, 1864, almost the entire battery re-enlisted as veteran volunteers, and were on furlough of 30 days from February 11, after which, on April 6, it was stationed at New Orleans, La. On the 5th of September, 1864, it was transferred to Morganza, La., and on September 16 engaged in an expedition to Bayou Fordoche; a part of the battery, under Lieutenant Manning, engaged in a skirmish to the Atchafalaya River. On November 28 it was transferred to Memphis, Tenn., and was in camp at Kennerville, La.
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Twenty-third regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
rned to North Carolina in April, having spent a month in camp at St. Helena Island and much of the remaining time on transports. It remained encamped near New Berne, engaging in picket duty and reconnoitering expeditions, during the summer and autumn of 1863. On October 16 it sailed for Fortress Monroe and went into camp near Newport News; while here over 200 members of the regiment re-enlisted, and in January returned to Massachusetts for furlough. The regiment moved to Portsmouth in January, 1864, engaging under command of Colonel Elwell in an expedition to Smithfield in April. As part of Heckman's Red Star Brigade, and serving with General Butler's forces at Bermuda Hundred, it was present at the engagement at Walthal Junction and active at Arrowfield Church; it took part early in the morning of May 16 at Drewry's Bluff, with great loss; Lieutenant-Colonel Chambers was mortally wounded, Captain Raymond taking command of the regiment. It formed part of the forces sent to join t
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Twenty-sixth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
ing part of the force occupying New Orleans, seven companies of the regiment, under Lieutenant-Colonel Sawtell, engaged at La Fourche Crossing, near Thibodeaux, La., June 21, 1863, and, moving on the 30th, occupied Jefferson Station until relieved, July 15. It took part in the expedition to Sabine Pass in September; and, engaging a little later in the Teche expedition, moved through Camp Bisland, Franklin and New Iberia, to Opelousas, encamping on the return at New Iberia, and moving in January, 1864, to Franklin. During the winter nearly two-thirds of the regiment re-enlisted for another term of service, passing the time from March 22 to May 4, 1864, on furlough, and, returning, went into camp at Carrollton, La., May 21, moving in June to Morganza. Ordered to Bermuda Hundred, the regiment, as part of the 1st Brigade, 2d Division, 19th Corps, moved, August 14, toward the Shenandoah valley, encamping on the 16th at Berryville, Va. It took part with General Sheridan's army in the mov
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Thirty-second regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
nies at Harrison's Landing in July. The regiment was present at Antietam, and took part in the charge and advanced position held by Griffin's Division at the battle of Fredericksburg. It was in action at Chancellorsville May 3, 1864, was closely engaged at Gettysburg on the afternoon of July 2, present at the battle of Rappahannock Station Nov. 7, 1863, and engaged in the Mine Run campaign, encamping at Liberty, near Bealton, Va., for the winter. While here 330 men re-enlisted, and in January, 1864, returned to Massachusetts for furlough. The regiment left camp April 30, 1864, and was in action on the afternoon of May 5 at the Wilderness, engaging constantly on the succeeding days; it lost heavily at the battle of Laurel Hill May 12, and was active during the movements about Spotsylvania, North Anna and Totopotomoy, engaging, June 3, at Bethesda Church. Crossing the James River June 16, it took part in the assault at Petersburg, June 18-22, where Col. George L. Prescott was morta
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Fortieth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
The command returned to Washington July 11, and moving to Frederick, Md., joined the Army of the Potomac in the pursuit of Lee's Army into Virginia. It was ordered, August 6, to Folly Island, S. C., and served in the trenches at Fort Wagner until the evacuation by the Confederates. In November, Colonel Porter having resigned, Capt. Guy V. Henry, a graduate of West Point, was appointed colonel, and took command of the regiment November 10. Equipped as mounted infantry at Hilton Head in January, 1864, it moved, February 4, to Jacksonville, Fla.; engaged at Barber's Ford February 10, and at Olustee on the 20th. A detachment of the regiment under Captain Marshall met with loss also at Gainesville February 15. Unmounted, the regiment joined General Butler's forces March 28, at Gloucester Point, Va., and shared in the engagements at Arrowfield Church and Drewry's Bluff. Becoming part of the 18th Corps, it joined the Army of the Potomac at Cold Harbor June 1, and went at once into acti
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Massachusetts in the Army and Navy during the war of 1861-1865, vol. 1, Condensed history of regiments., Fifty-fourth regiment Massachusetts Infantry. (search)
the 18th, it led that night the assault on Fort Wagner, planting its colors on the parapet, where Colonel Shaw fell at the head of the storming column, and the remnant of the regiment, under Captain Emilio (all of the field and many of the line officers being killed or wounded), were repulsed, but remained in an advanced position after the charge until relieved on the morning of the 19th. It served in the trenches during the siege and in strengthening the works after the surrender until January, 1864, when it formed part of the expedition to Florida under General Seymour, and took part with loss in the battle of Olustee, February 20. Returning to Morris Island April 18, it remained there during the summer and autumn. Eight companies, under Lieutenant-Colonel Hooper, forming part of the Coast Division, moved to Hilton Head in November, and engaged at Honey Hill and were in reserve at Deveaux Neck. It moved to Graham's Neck December 19 and to Pocotaligo in January, and, entering Cha
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