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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 5.35 (search)
y his line of supplies, because soldiers, like other mortals, must have food. Our extension to the right brought on numerous conflicts, but nothing worthy of note, till about the end of August I resolved to leave one corps to protect our communications to the rear, and move with the other five to a point (Jonesboro‘) on the railroad twenty-six miles below Atlanta, not fortified. This movement was perfectly strategic, was successful, and resulted in our occupation of Atlanta, on the 2d of September, 1864. The result had a large effect on the whole country at the time, for solid and political reasons. I claim no special merit to myself, save that I believe I followed the teachings of the best masters of the science of war of which I had knowledge; and, better still, I had pleased Mr. Lincoln, who wanted success very much. But I had not accomplished all, for Hood's army, the chief objective, had escaped. Then began the real trouble. We were in possession of Atlanta, and Hood rem
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 14: Sherman's campaign in Georgia. (search)
royed the founderies and workshops in Atlanta, and fled; Stewart's corps hastening in the direction of Macdonough, while the demoralized militia were marched to Covington. Slocum had entered the city unopposed, on the morning after Hood left Sept 2, 1864. it, and was holding it as a conqueror. Hardee's forces now became an object of secondary consideration to Sherman, and he turned the faces of his troops northward. On the 8th they were all encamped around Atlanta, Howard in the direction ofmy, shattered, it is true, but still formidable, was in the field, and Sherman saw clearly that a difficult problem lay before him, all unsolved. When General Slocum was satisfied. that Hood had abandoned. Atlanta, he sent out, at dawn, Sept. 2, 1864. a strong reconnoitering column in that direction. It encountered no opposition, and entered the city — much of which was reduced to a smoking ruin by Hood's incendiary fires — at 9 o'clock, when it was met by Mayor Calhoun, who formally sur
attles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Falmouth, Va., April 17, 1862 6 Robinson's Ford, Va., Sept. 16, 1863 1 Shepherdstown, Va., Aug. 25, 1864 3 Rapidan Station, Va., Aug. 18, 1862 1 White's Ford, Va., Sept. 22, 1863 3 Waynesboro, Va., Sept. 2, 1864 1 Rappahannock, Va., Aug. 20, 1862 2 Hazel River, Va., Oct. 6, 1863 1 Opequon, Va., Sept. 19, 1864 3 Thoroughfare Gap, Va., Aug. 28, ‘62 2 Culpepper, Va., Oct. 11, 1863 1 Luray Valley, Va., Sept. 22, 1864 3 Manassas, Va., Aug. 29, 18 & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. battles. K. & M. W. Lebanon, Tenn., May 5, 1862 4 Unionville, Tenn., March 6, 1863 3 Lovejoy's Station, Aug. 20, 1864 10 McMinnville, Tenn., July 6. 1862 1 Snow Hill, Tenn., April 3, 1863 2 Vining's Station, Sept. 2, 1864 1 Murfreesboro, Tenn., July 13, 1862 11 Shelbyville, Tenn., June 27, 1863 9 Rome, Ga., Oct. 13, 1864 2 Verbilla, Tenn., Aug. 9, 1862 1 Chickamauga, Ga., Sept. 18, 1863 6 Lead's X Roads, Nov. 1, 1864 2 Gallatin, Tenn., Aug. 21, 1862 2
regiment in this campaign. On the second of September, 1864, this regiment entered Atlanta as parom the occupation of Atlanta, Georgia, September second, 1864, to the present date. On the day ofecessity of such measures. From the second of September, 1864, to the ninth of November, 1864, nothhe Fifth Ohio volunteer infantry, from September second, 1864, to December twenty-first, 1864. Thments, from the occupation of Atlanta, September second, 1864, to the occupation of Savannah, Decembt of effective force: Effective force, September second, 1864, one thousand one hundred and ninety-nision, from the occupation of Atlanta, September second, 1864, to the occupation of Savannah, Decembch embraced the occupation of Atlanta, September second, 1864. The brigade was then encamped soutin the defences of Atlanta, on the second day of September, 1864. From that time to the twenty-fire city of Atlanta, Georgia, on the second day of September, 1864, and having been stationed behind t[2 more...]
tillery, Twentieth corps, dated December twenty-third, 1864, I have the honor to submit the following: On the second day of September, 1864, the battery entered Atlanta, Georgia, and took position in the abandoned works of the enemy, remaining there stant Adjutant-General, Artillery, Twentieth Army Corps: Lieutenant: I have the honor to state that on the second day of September, 1864, the battery entered Atlanta, taking position in a fort, on Decatur street, near rolling-mills, from which plant: I have the honor to submit the following report of operations of this battery from the occupation of Atlanta, September second, 1864, until the present time. From the occupation of the city until November fifteenth, the battery was parked with C, First Ohio light artillery, during the time from the occupation of Atlanta to the present date. On the second day of September, 1864, the battery moved into the city of Atlanta, and took position in a fort to the south and west of the city. O
Doc. 5. operations at Atlanta, Georgia. Colonel Cogswell's Report. headquarters Second Massachusetts infantry, Savannah, Ga., December 26, 1864. Lieutenant-Colonel H. W. Perkins, Assistant-Adjutant-General, Twentieth Army Corps: Colonel: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of my command while stationed at the post of Atlanta, Georgia. Upon the occupation of that city by the Twentienth corps, September second, 1864, I was directed by Major-General Slocum, commanding the corps, to encamp my regiment in the city, and assume command of the post; and by special orders number seventy-four, extract four, headquarters Twentieth corps, September fifth, 1864, I was detailed to the same command, and the Second Massachusetts infantry, the One Hundred and Eleventh Pennsylvania infantry, and the Thirty-third Massachusetts infantry, were ordered to report to me for duty. These regiments were stationed as follows: The Second Massachusetts infantry, Capta
unteers, commencing with the occupation of Atlanta, Georgia, on the second day of September, 1864; paragraph I. embracing a summary of events while remaining in thatf movements of this regiment, since the occupation of Atlanta, Georgia, September second, 1864: October 21.--We received orders to march as a portion of guard to aith this regiment, transpiring from the occupation of Atlanta, Georgia, September second, 1864, to the occupation of Savannah, Georgia, December twenty-first, 1864: es in the Seventy-third regiment Pennsylvania veteran volunteers, since September second, 1864: James Quinn, private, company C, wounded December sixteenth, 1864, at of December, 1864, when the regiment entered the city of Savannah, Ga. September 2, 1864.--The regiment, commanded by Captain Otis Griffin, company F, was orderedn: The last report by the commander of this regiment was to the date of September second, 1864, the regiment on that night bivouacking in the streets of Atlanta, Geor
ed, and captured. September 1, 1864 to Oct. 30, 1864: in front of Petersburg. Union, Army of the Potomac; Confed., Army of Northern Virginia. Losses: Union, 170 killed, 822 wounded, 812 missing; Confed. No record found. September 2, 1864: Federal occupation of Atlanta, Ga. (evacuation by Hood's rear-guard during the night of the 1st.) Union, Twentieth Corps. Losses: Confed., 200 captured. September 3-4, 1864: Berryville, Va. Union, Eighth and Nineteenth Corpmerican nation. The record of the Twentieth Corps was distinguished. It was engaged in the constant battling and skirmishing of the Atlanta Campaign. In the final operations these troops were the first to enter the city on the morning of September 2, 1864, and it was to General Slocum, their commander, that the mayor surrendered. For two months they held Atlanta and its approaches from the North while the rest of Sherman's army was engaged in attacking Hood's retreating columns. In the mar
rench his forces at every step. He could always wait to be attacked, could always be sure of having the advantage in position, and could retreat through the passes to a new stand before the Federal forces could arrive. The Union troops, on the other hand, must advance along the railway to keep in touch with their base of supplies in the rear, must fight their way through forests, over boulders, across torrents and broad rivers, ever in the face of a vigilant foe. Thus from May 6th to September 2d, 1864, Sherman fought every foot of his way into the city of Atlanta. ‘Each valley and glen’ had seen some of his sturdy followers fall, but his victorious banners fluttered in the breeze on every mountain side. ‘But to-day fair Savannah is ours’ Byers' line celebrates a triumph fresh when this charming view of the Savannah River was taken. Drooping live-oaks and tangled vines give the scene an air of almost tropical luxuriance. The far gleam of the river from across the level mar
Grady was referring. The destruction of its industries Sherman declared to be a military necessity. Atlanta contained the largest foundries and machine-shops south of Richmond. It formed a railroad center for the central South, where provisions might be gathered and forwarded to the armies at the front. To destroy the Atlanta shops and railroads would therefore cripple the resources of the Confederacy. Railroads had been torn up to the south of the city even before its capture on September 2, 1864. But it was not until November 15th, when Sherman had completed all his arrangements for the march to the sea, that on every road leading into Atlanta the ties were burned, the rails torn up and then twisted so as to render them permanently useless. The buildings were first burned and the walls afterward razed to the ground. In the fire thus started the exploding of ammunition could be heard all night in the midst of the ruins. The flames soon spread to a block of stores and soon t
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