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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barton, Clara, 1830- (search)
aking the Clara Barton. nursing of sick and wounded soldiers of the army. In 1864 General Butler made her head nurse of the hospitals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union soldiers, and in 1865 went to Andersonville to mark the graves of Northern soldiers who had died there. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out (1870), she assisted in preparing military hospitals, and also aided the Red Cross Society. In 1871, after the siege of Strasburg, she superintended, by request of the authorities, the distribution of work to the poor, and in 1872 performed a similar work in Paris. For her services she was decorated with the Golden Cross of Baden and the Iron Cross of Germany. In 1881, when the American Red Cross Society was formed, she was made its president, and as such in 1884 directed the measures to aid the sufferers by the Mississippi and Ohio floods. In 1883 she was made the superintendent, stewar
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blackburn, Joseph Clay styles, 1838- (search)
Blackburn, Joseph Clay styles, 1838- Lawyer; born in Woodford county, Ky., Oct. 1, 1838; was graduated at Centre College, Danville, in 1857; served in the Confederate army during the Civil War; was elected to the legislature in 1871, to Congress in 1874, and to the United States Senate in 1885 and 1891. He was a leader in the free-coinage movement.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blair, Francis Preston, Jr., 1821-1875 (search)
Blair, Francis Preston, Jr., 1821-1875 Military officer; born in Lexington, Ky., Feb. 19, 1821 ; was educated at the College of New Jersey, and took an active part in politics early in life. The free-soil party (q. v.) at St. Louis elected him to a seat in Congress in 1856, and he acted and voted with the Republicans several years. He joined the Union army in 1861, and rose to the rank of major-general of volunteers. In 1864 he commanded a corps of Sherman's army in the campaign against Atlanta and in his march to the sea. Having joined the Democratic party, he was its unsuccessful candidate for the Vice,--Presidency in 1868. In January. 1871, he was chosen United States Senator. He died in St. Louis, Mo., July 8. 1875.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boker, George Henry, 1823-1890 (search)
Boker, George Henry, 1823-1890 Poet and dramatist; born in Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 6, 1823; was graduated at Princeton College in 1842; studied law, but did not engage in practice. After a tour in Europe he applied himself to literary work. In 1871 President Grant appointed him United States minister to Turkey, and in 1875 he was transferred to Russia. He returned home in 1879. His poetical works include The lesson of life; Plays and poem's; Poems of the War; Street lyrics; and The book of the dead; and chief among his dramatic works are Calaynos; Anne Boleyn; Francesca da Rimini; The widow's marriage; and The betrothal. He died in Philadelphia, Jan. 2, 1890.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brodhead, John Romeyn, 1814-1873 (search)
n in Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 2, 1814. He graduated at Rutgers College in 1831; admitted to the bar in 1835; was attached to the American legation at the Hague in 1839, and was appointed by the legislature of New York its agent to procure and transcribe original documents concerning the history of the State. He spent three years in searching the archives of Holland. England, and France, and obtained copies of more than 5,000 separate papers, comprising the reports of home and colonial authorities. They have been published in 11 quarto volumes by the State of New York, edited by E. B. O'Callaghan, Ll.D. Mr. Brodhead was secretary of the American legation in London from 1846 till 1849. On his return he began the preparation of a History of the State of New York. The first volume was published in 1853, and the second in 1871. He was naval officer of New York from 1853 till 1857. Mr. Brodhead left his History of the State of New York unfinished. He died in New York City, May 6, 1873.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 (search)
Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 Born in Lexington, Ky., May 28. 1826: graduated at Yale in 1847; and settled in St. Louis, where he edited the Missouri Democrat. He assisted in preventing the secession of Missouri, and was elected to the United States Senate in 1863, and governor of the State in 1871. He was the candidate for Vice-President on the Greeley ticket in 1872. He died in St. Louis, Dec. 13, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burden, Henry, 1791-1871 (search)
Burden, Henry, 1791-1871 Inventor; born in Dumblane, Scotland, April 20, 1791; lived on a farm, and early in life evinced his inventive taste by designing a variety of labor-saving machinery. In 1819 he came to the United States, and first engaged in the manufacture of farming implements. Afterwards he designed machines for making horse-shoes and the hook-headed spikes used on railroads; an improved plough; an automatic machine for rolling iron into bars; the first cultivator made in the United States; and a machine which received a rod of iron and turned out horse-shoes at the rate of sixty a minute. He died in Troy, N. Y., Jan. 19, 1871.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), California (search)
tes. Name.Term. Corn. Robert F. Stockton1847 John C. Fremont1847 Gen. Stephen W. Kearny1847 Richard B. Mason1847 to 1849 Gen. Persifer F. Smith1849 Bennett Riley1849 State governors. Name.Term. Peter H. Burnett1849 to 1851 John McDougall1851 to 1852 John Bigler1852 to 1856 J. Neely Johnson1856 to 1858 John B. Weller1858 to 1860 Milton S. Latham1860 John G. Downey1860 to 1862 Leland Stanford1862 to 1863 Frederick F. Low1863 to 1867 Henry H. Haight1867 to 1871 Newton Booth1871 to 1875 Romnaldo Pacheco1875 William Irwin1875 to 1880 George C. Perkins1880 to 1883 George Stoneman1883 to 1887 Washington Bartlett1887 Robert W. Waterman1887 to 1891 Henry H. Markhan1891 to 1895 J. H. Budd1895 to 1899 Henry T. Gage1899 to 1903 United States Senators. Name.No. of CongressTerm. John C. Fremont31st1849 to 1851 William M. Gwin31st to 36th1849 to 1861 John B. Weller32d to 34th1851 to 1857 David C. Broderick35th to 36th1857 to 1859 Henry P. Hann36th1859 Milton
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Campbell, Lewis Davis 1811- (search)
Campbell, Lewis Davis 1811- Diplomatist; born in Franklin, O., Aug. 9, 1811; engaged in journalism for several years; then practised law in Hamilton; Whig representative to Congress in 1849-58; colonel of an Ohio infantry regiment in 1861-62; appointed minister to Mexico in December, 1865. In the latter service he was empowered to assure President Juarez of the moral support of the United States, and to offer him the aid of the United States military forces in restoring order. He returned to the United States in 1868, and again held a seat in Congress in 1871-73. He died Nov. 26, 1882.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Capron, Allyn Kissam 1871- (search)
Capron, Allyn Kissam 1871- Military officer; born in Brooklyn, N. Y., June 24, 1871; son of Allyn Capron; was educated in his native city; joined the Army Oct. 20, 1890. When hostilities with Spain broke out he entered the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, popularly known as the Rough Riders, and was made a captain. He was killed in the battle of Las Guasimas, Cuba, June 24, 1898.
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