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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bartlett, John Russell, 1805-1886 (search)
ith Mexico in 1848, to settle the boundary-line between that country and the United States. He was engaged in that service until Jan. 7, 1853, making extensive surveys and explorations, with elaborate scientific observations; but, owing to a failure of Congress to make the necessary appropriations, he did not complete his work. He published a personal narrative of his experience in that region in 1854. In May, 1855, he was chosen secretary of state of Rhode Island, which post he held until 1872, a period of seventeen years. He edited and published the Records of the colony of Rhode Island and Providence plantations, in, 10 volumes; also an Index to the acts and resolves of the General Assembly of Rhode Island from 1758 to 1862. In 1847 Mr. Bartlett published a little volume on the Progress of Ethnology; and in 1848 a Dictionary of Americanisms, since revised and enlarged. He also published a Bibliography of Rhode Island; Literature of the rebellion; Memoirs of Rhode Island men; Pr
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barton, Clara, 1830- (search)
itals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union soldiers, and in 1865 went to Andersonville to mark the graves of Northern soldiers who had died there. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out (1870), she assisted in preparing military hospitals, and also aided the Red Cross Society. In 1871, after the siege of Strasburg, she superintended, by request of the authorities, the distribution of work to the poor, and in 1872 performed a similar work in Paris. For her services she was decorated with the Golden Cross of Baden and the Iron Cross of Germany. In 1881, when the American Red Cross Society was formed, she was made its president, and as such in 1884 directed the measures to aid the sufferers by the Mississippi and Ohio floods. In 1883 she was made the superintendent, steward, and treasurer of the Reformatory Prison for Women, at Sherborn. Mass., and in the same year was special commissioner of foreign
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847- (search)
Bell, Alexander Graham, 1847- Inventor; born in Edinburgh, Scotland, March 3, 1847; son of Alexander Melville; was educated in Edinburgh and London universities. In 1870 he went to Canada, and thence to Boston in 1872, and became Professor of Vocal Physiology in the Boston University. He invented the telephone, which was first exhibited at the Centenntial Exposition in 1876. He also invented the photophone.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bennett, James Gordon, 1795-1872 (search)
Bennett, James Gordon, 1795-1872 Founder of the New York Herald; born in New Mill, Scotland, Sept. 1, 1795; died in New York. June 1, 1872. Intending to enter upon the ministry in the Roman Catholic Church, he studied theology in Aberdeen some time, but, abandoning the intention, he went to British America, arriving at Halifax. N. S., in 1819, where he taught school. He made his way to Boston, where he became a proof-reader, and in 1822 he went to New York, and thence to Charleston, where he made translations from the Spanish for the Charleston Courier. Returning to New York he became proprietor (1825) of the New York Courier, but did not succeed. After various editorial and journalistic adventures in New York and Pennsylvania. Mr. Bennett. in May, 1835. began the pubication of the New York Herald. His method was a new departure in journalism. The Herald obtained an immense circulation and advertising patronage. The profits of the establishment, at the time James Gor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bering sea arbitration. (search)
al arbitration, their fallacy should be exposed. It is well, in the first place, to examine the origin of the controversy. Alaska was ceded by Russia to the United States in 1867, and in 1870 the seal islands in Being Sea were leased by the government to a private company, with the privilege of taking on the land a certain number of seals annually. Soon thereafter it became apparent that the seal herd was exposed to serious diminution by means of pelagic or open-sea hunting. As early as 1872 the attention of the government was called to this danger, and it was suggested that a revenue-cutter be sent to cruise in the vicinity of the passes of the Aleutian chain, through which the herd travelled on its way to and from the seal islands, with a view of preventing such hunting. But Mr. Boutwell, Secretary of the Treasury, declined to act upon the suggestion, stating: I do not see that the United States would have the jurisdiction or power to drive off parties going up there for that
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blount, James H., 1837- (search)
Blount, James H., 1837- Legislator; born in Macon, Ga., Sept. 12. 1837. He was elected to Congress as a Democrat in 1872, and held his seat till 1893, when he declined a renomination. At the conclusion of his last term the House suspended its proceedings that his associates might formally testify their appreciation of his worth. In his last term he was chairman of the committee on foreign affairs, a post that gave him a wide knowledge of American relations with other countries. In March, 1893, President Cleveland appointed him a special commissioner to visit Honolulu and report on the conditions which led to the overthrow of the kingdom of Hawaii and the establishment of an American protectorate over the islands. The first result of his investigations was an order to remove the American flag from the government house, and for the withdrawal of American marines from Honolulu. These actions created much excitement in the United States, and led to the resignation of Minister S
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bomford, James V., -1892 (search)
Bomford, James V., -1892 Military officer; born on Governor's Island, N. Y., Oct. 5, 1811; son of George Bomford; was graduated at West Point in 1832; brevetted major for gallantry at Contreras and lieutenant-colonel for meritorious conduct at the battle of Molino del Rey. While on frontier duty in Texas, at the beginning of the Civil War, he was made a prisoner and was not exchanged until 1862, when he was promoted lieutenant-colonel. He was brevetted colonel for gallantry at Perryville, and was retired in 1872. He died in Elizabeth. N. J., Jan. 6, 1892.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878 (search)
Bowles, Samuel, 1826-1878 Journalist; born in Springfield, Mass., Feb. 9, 1826; entered the printing-office of the Springfield Republican while a boy. and soon became the general manager of the paper. On the death of his father in 1851 the entire management devolved on him. The paper acquired the largest circulation of any daily paper in New England outside of Boston, and exerted a large influence not only throughout New England but in the country at large. In 1872 the Republican became an independent paper and supported Mr. Greeley. He died in Springfield, Mass., Jan. 16, 1878.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 (search)
Brown, Benjamin Gratz, -1885 Born in Lexington, Ky., May 28. 1826: graduated at Yale in 1847; and settled in St. Louis, where he edited the Missouri Democrat. He assisted in preventing the secession of Missouri, and was elected to the United States Senate in 1863, and governor of the State in 1871. He was the candidate for Vice-President on the Greeley ticket in 1872. He died in St. Louis, Dec. 13, 1885.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Burns, John, 1793-1872 (search)
Burns, John, 1793-1872 Military officer; born in Burlington, N. J., Sept. 5, 1793; served in the War of 1812-15, taking part in the engagements at Plattsburg, Queenston, and Lund's Lane. He endeavored to enlist for the Mexican War, but being rejected on account of his age went with the army as a teamster. In 1863, when the Confederate scouts entered Gettysburg, he joined a party to oppose them, but was turned back by the National cavalry. He took an active part in the subsequent battle of Gettysburg, and when the report of his participation reached the Northern States it aroused much interest and he was hailed as the hero of Gettysburg. He died in Gettysburg, Pa., Feb. 7, 1872.
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