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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Auger, Christorpher Colon, 1821-1898 (search)
Auger, Christorpher Colon, 1821-1898 Military officer; born in New York July 10, 1821; was graduated at West Point in 1843. He served as aide-de-camp to Generals Hopping and Cushing in the war with Mexico, and in 1861 was made a brigadiergeneral of volunteers, after serving under McDowell. He took command of a division under Banks. and was wounded at the battle of Cedar Mountain, Aug. 9, 1862; the same month he was made major-general of volunteers. In November, 1862, he. reported to General Banks for service in a Southern expedition, and was very active in the siege and capture of Port Hudson. From October, 1863, to August, 1866, he had command of the Department of Washington. and in 1867 he was assigned to the Department of the Platte. In 1869 he was made brigadier-general U. S. A., and in 188,5 was retired. He died in Washington, D. C., Jan. 16. 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Babuyan Islands, (search)
Babuyan Islands, A group of small islands in the Balintang Channel, between Formosa and the northern extremity of the island of Luzon in the Philippines. The principal one is Claro Babuyan. These islands are also known as Madjicosima Islands, and administratively were connected in the past with the Loo-Choo Islands. The population in 1898 was supposed to be about 12,000. See Luzon; Philippine Islands.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bacon, John Mosby, 1844- (search)
Bacon, John Mosby, 1844- Military officer; born in Kentucky, April 17, 1844; enlisted as a private Sept. 22, 1862: was commissioned a brigadier-general of volunteers May 4. 1898; subdued the Chippewas during the outbreak of 1898; and served in Cuba during the American-Spanish War.
Baler, A town in the eastern part of Luzon. Philippine Islands, nearly midway between Balintang Channel and Bernardino Strait, and directly north of a notable mountain of the same name. In 1898-99 the Filipino insurgents besieged a Spanish garrison here for nearly a year. the Spanish commander declining to surrender the place even when directed to do so by orders from Madrid. The garrison took possession of the native church, fortified it. and held possession till their supplies gave out, when they surrendered, and. in recognition of their exceptional heroism. were allowed to march out of the place with all the honors of war, July 2. 1899. The town was occupied and garrisoned by United States troops in March, 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ball, Thomas, 1819- (search)
Ball, Thomas, 1819- Sculptor; born in Charlestown, Mass., June 3, 1819; educated at Mayhew School, Boston. In 1840-52 he applied himself to painting. but in 1851 undertook sculpture. He designed and executed the equestrian statue of Washington in Boston, the statue of Daniel Webster in Central Park. New York, and other similar works. In 1891-98 he was engaged on a monument of Washington for Methuen, Mass. He became an honorary fellow of the National Sculptors' Society in 1896. He is the author of My three-score years and ten: an autobiography, which attracted much attention.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Balloons in War. (search)
e. the balloon was kept under control by strong cords in the hands of men on the ground, who, when the reconnoissance was ended, drew it down to the place of departure. During the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71) balloons were freely used by both parties, Gambetta and other French authorities passed successfully over the investing lines of Germans; and captive or observation as well as floating balloons were frequent targets for ambitious sharp-shooters. In the Santiago campaign in Cuba, in 1898, much was expected of an observation balloon, put together and operated by men of the United States War balloon. Signal Service. Several successful ascensions were made, and messages describing the situation of the Spaniards were transmitted to General Shafter's headquarters. It was found that there were large possibilities in the use of balloons for military purposes, but that there were ever-present elements of danger. The Santiago balloon rendered good service at a critical time, but
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bangs, John Kendrick, 1862- (search)
Bangs, John Kendrick, 1862- Author; born in Yonkers, N. Y., May 27, 1862; was graduated at Columbia University in 1883; studied law; became associate editor of Life in 1884; editor of Drawer in 1888, and of Literary notes in Harper's magazine in 1898; and editor of Harper's weekly in 1900.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bankruptcy laws, past and present. (search)
e voluntaries held the boards for a goodly season in Congress in 1897-98. The voluntaries had rather the best of it. But the law as a whole mts have been passed in England. In the United States the statute of 1898 is the fourth of a series of national laws, the others being named fs. It remained in force until September, 1878. 4. The statute of 1898 swings back towards mercy again. It will be remembered as the firste landmarks. It will assist to a better understanding of the law of 1898, if we note these landmarks. 1. Who may become a bankrupt? 2. Whaty to merchants, bankers, and the business community. The new law of 1898, however, goes backward to the time of George II., and prohibits, asoneyed, business, and commercial corporations. Yet the lawmakers of 1898, fearful lest, by collusion with stockholders, the controlling officopist. Year in and year out he must be a policeman, too. Our law of 1898 is philanthropic to a degree; but as a discourager of commercial dis
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Banks, National. (search)
such as were already due, were repealed, and also the stamp tax on bank-checks, drafts, orders, and vouchers, the latter provision to take effect on July 1, 1883. The act of Feb. 25, 1863, limited the period of existence of the national banks to twenty years; but an act of July 10, 1882, provided for the extension of the charters of all national banks under prescribed conditions for twenty years more, and under this act many banks reorganized for the longer period. In the war revenue act of 1898 a stamp tax of two cents was imposed on every bank-check, and in March, 1900, the President approved a new currency act which established the gold dollar as the standard unit of value, permitted national banks to be organized in places of 3,000 population or less with a capital of $25,000, instead of $50,000, the previous minimum, and provided that banks might issue circulation on all classes of bonds deposited up to the par value of the bonds, instead of to 90 per cent. of their face value a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barker, Albert Smith, 1859- (search)
Barker, Albert Smith, 1859- Naval officer; born in Massachusetts; entered the navy in 1859; served under Farragut in the bombardment and passage of Forts Jackson and St. Philip; and in an attempted passage of Port Hudson his vessel was blown up, after which he took part in the siege of that post on the Monongahela. He was actively employed throughout the Civil War; was promoted to captain in 1892; commanded the cruiser Newark in the American-Spanish War (1898); succeeded Capt. Charles Edgar Clark (q. v.) as commander of the famous battle-ship Oregon after the close of the war; and became a rear-admiral in 1899.
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