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James D. Porter, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, Tennessee (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 1 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 26. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 31. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
Jula Ward Howe, Reminiscences: 1819-1899 1 1 Browse Search
Historic leaves, volume 5, April, 1906 - January, 1907 1 1 Browse Search
Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant 1 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brooke, John Rutter, 1838- (search)
Brooke, John Rutter, 1838- Military officer; born in Pottsville, Pa., July 21, 1838. When the Civil War began he joined the Union army as a captain of a volunteer regiment, and resigned from the volunteer army with the rank of brevet major-general in 1866. He was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 37th United States Infantry in July, 1866; and promoted to colonel in 1879, brigadier-general in 1888, and major-general in 1897. In 1898, on the declaration of war against Spain, he was appointed commander of the 1st Provisional Army Corps. After serving in the Porto Rico campaign, he was appointed a member of the joint military commission to arrange the cession of that island to the United States. He was military and civil governor of Cuba from December, 1898, till April, 1900; was then succeeded by Gen. Leonard Wood; and on May 10, 1900. succeeded Maj.-Gen. Wesley Merritt as commander of the Military Department of the East, with headquarters in New York City.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bryan, William Jennings, 1860- (search)
however, adopted the Democratic nominee as their own, but with a different candidate for the Vice-Presidency. During the campaign that ensued, Mr. Bryan made a speaking tour more than 18,000 miles in extent. With virtually seven Presidential tickets in the field, Mr. Bryan as the Democratic and Populist candidate received 6,502,925 popular and 176 electoral votes, while Mr. McKinley, the Republican candidate, received 7,104,779 popular and 271 electoral votes. In 1897 and the early part of 1898 Mr. Bryan delivered a number of lectures on bimetallism (q. v.). On the declaration of war against Spain he offered his services to the governor of his State, and in May was commissioned colonel of the 3d Nebraska Volunteer Infantry. Neither he nor his regiment saw fighting during the war, both William Jennings Bryan. being held in reserve in the United States, with other regiments, at Camp Onward, where he brought his regiment to a state of discipline and efficiency that was highly comme
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Caimanera (search)
Caimanera A town on the Bay of Guantanamo, in the district of the same name, and the province of Santiago, Cuba; about 35 miles east of the entrance of the harbor of Santiago. At the beginning of the war with Spain in 1898, the town and vicinity were the scene of important military and naval operations. On June 10 the bay was seized for a base of supplies by Captain McCalla, with the Marblehead, Yankee, and St. Louis, and the last vessel, supported by the others, cut the cable at Caimanera, which was connected with Santiago. The town was garrisoned by 3,000 Spanish soldiers, and protected by several gunboats and a fort. When the American vessels opened fire at 800 yards, forcing the Spaniards to withdraw from the block-house and the town, the Alfonso Pinzon appeared at the entrance of the bay, and at a range of 4,000 yards fired on the American vessels. The latter soon found the range; but the Spanish vessel refused to withdraw until the Marblehead gave chase, when she retire
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Callahan, James Morton 1864- (search)
Callahan, James Morton 1864- Historian; born in Bedford, Ind., Nov. 4, 1864; was graduated at the University of Indiana in 1894; acting Professor of American History and Constitutional Law at Hamilton College in 1897-98; became lecturer on American Diplomatic History at the Johns Hopkins University in the latter year. His publications include Neutrality of the American Lakes; Cuba and international relations, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Callis, John B. 1828-1898 (search)
Callis, John B. 1828-1898 Military officer; born in Fayetteville, N. C., Jan. 3, 1828; went to Wisconsin in 1840; entered the army as captain in the 7th Wisconsin Volunteers when the Civil War broke out; brevetted brigadier-general in March, 1864; sent to Huntsville, Ala., as assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's Bureau; resigned and elected to Congress in 1868. During his term of office he presented the resolution on which the Ku Klux Klan (q. v.) bill was passed. He died in Lancaster, Wis., Sept. 23, 1898.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cambon, Jules Martin 1845- (search)
Cambon, Jules Martin 1845- Diplomatist; born in Paris, France, April 5, 1845; French ambassador to the United States in 1898. After the destruction of the Spanish fleets in Manila Bay and off Santiago, the surrender of the Spanish army at the city of Santiago, and the failure of the Spanish government to secure the intervention of the European powers, the Spanish Jules Martin Cambon. authorities undertook direct negotiations for peace. As diplomatic relations with the United States had been broken off, M. Cambon was appointed the special representative of the Spanish government to arrange for a cessation of hostilities as well as the preliminaries of peace. He executed this mission in a manner that won the appreciation of both governments concerned, and after the ratification of peace he was selected by the two governments to make the formal exchange of certified copies of the act.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cannon, (search)
dopted by the United States in 1891. Automatic rapid-firing gun, invented by John and Matthew Browning, of Ogden, Utah; firing 400 shots in one minute and forty-nine seconds; adopted by the United States in 1896. Zalinski's dynamite gun, calibre 15 ins.; throws 500 lbs. of explosive gelatine 2,100 yds.; also discharges smaller shells. Three of the guns of this class were used with tremendous effect by the United States dynamite cruiser Vesuvius at the bombardment of Santiago de Cuba in 1898, and larger ones have been installed at Fort Warren, Boston; Fort Schuyler, N. Y.; Fort Hancock, N. J., and at San Francisco. Graydon dynamite gun, calibre 15 ins.; using 3,000 lbs. of compressed air to the square inch; throws 600 lbs. of dynamite 3 miles. Armstrong gun, calibre 6 ins.; weight of shot, 69.7 lbs.; of powder, 34 lbs.; pressure per square inch, 31,000 lbs. Hurst, double-charge gun, same principles apply as in the Armstrong and Haskell guns. Brown wire-wound gun, made
Cebu One of the Philippine Islands, lying between Luzon and Mindanao, 135 mile long, with an extreme width of 30 miles. Sugar cultivation and the manufacture of abaca are the chief industries. Population, 320,000.—The town of Cebu, on the eastern coast of the island, the oldest Spanish settlement in the Philippines, is a place of considerable trade, and has a cathedral and several churches. It is about 360 miles from Manila, and has a population of 40,000. There are valuable and extensive coal deposits near the town. The China Steam Navigation Company began in 1900 to run a regular steamer from Hong-Kong to the port of Cebu. Hemp was exported from the island in 1899 to the value of $3,151,910; sugar, $770,503; copra, $241,953. The total shipments exceeded by $1,456,000 those of 1898. Imports in 1899 were valued at $1,055,28
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Central America, (search)
elty of the Spaniards, Columbus might have had the honor of planting the first European colony on the continent of America. In 1509 Alonzo de Ojeda, with 300 soldiers, began a settlement on the east side of the Gulf of Darien. At the same time Diego Nicuessa, with six vessels and 780 men, began another settlement on the west side. Both were broken up by the fierce natives; and thus the Spaniards, for the first time, were taught to dread the dusky people of the New World. This was the first attempt of Europeans to make a permanent lodgment on the continent of America. Many attempts have been made in recent years to bring about a federation of the five republics, the latest in 1895, when the Greater Republic of Central America was formed, and in 1898, when, by treaty, Honduras. Salvador, and Nicaragua formed the United States of Central America, Guatemala and Costa Rica declining to enter the compact. Local revolutions and mutual jealousies have so far prevented a permanent union.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cervera y Topeto, Pascual De, Conde De Jerez, Marquis De Santa Ana (search)
Cervera y Topeto, Pascual De, Conde De Jerez, Marquis De Santa Ana Naval officer; born in the province of Jerez Spain, in 1833; was graduated at the San Fernando Naval Academy in 1851. He par ticipated in the expeditions to Morocco Admiral Cervera. in 1859 and Cochin-China in 1862, and in the blockade of Cuba against filibuster in 1870; and later became secretary o the navy. He was promoted admiral in 1888. In the war with the United State in 1898 he was given command of the fleet sent to operate in Cuban waters. After Hobson and his companions, who sunk the collier at the entrance of Santiago Harbor, were captured by the Spaniards, they were handsomely treated by Admiral Cervera till regularly exchanged. When the admiral received orders to attempt an escape from the harbor of Santiago he saw and reported the hopelessness of such an undertaking, yet when peremptory orders were received he did not hesitate to act upon them. The result was one of the most thrilling naval en
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