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HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF MEDFORD, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, FROM ITS FIRST SETTLEMENT, IN 1630, TO THE PRESENT TIME, 1855. (ed. Charles Brooks) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
James Parton, Horace Greeley, T. W. Higginson, J. S. C. Abbott, E. M. Hoppin, William Winter, Theodore Tilton, Fanny Fern, Grace Greenwood, Mrs. E. C. Stanton, Women of the age; being natives of the lives and deeds of the most prominent women of the present gentlemen 2 0 Browse Search
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 2 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 2 0 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 1, Colonial and Revolutionary Literature: Early National Literature: Part I (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 2 0 Browse Search
The Cambridge of eighteen hundred and ninety-six: a picture of the city and its industries fifty years after its incorporation (ed. Arthur Gilman) 2 0 Browse Search
Charles E. Stowe, Harriet Beecher Stowe compiled from her letters and journals by her son Charles Edward Stowe 2 0 Browse Search
Allan Pinkerton, The spy in the rebellion; being a true history of the spy system of the United States Army during the late rebellion, revealing many secrets of the war hitherto not made public, compiled from official reports prepared for President Lincoln , General McClellan and the Provost-Marshal-General . 2 0 Browse Search
William W. Bennett, A narrative of the great revival which prevailed in the Southern armies during the late Civil War 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
Maryland, State of. One of the original thirteen States of the Union; was first settled by Capt. William Claiborne, with a party of men from Virginia, in 1631. Earlier than this, George Calvert, an Irish peer, had obtained a patent from King James (1622) to plant a Roman Catholic colony in America. Failing in some of his projects, he applied for a charter for the domain between south and north Virginia, but before the matter was completed he died, and a patent was issued to his son Cecil Calvert, June 20, 1632 (see Baltimore, Lords), who inherited the title of his father. The province embraced in the grant had been partially explored by the first Lord Baltimore, and it is believed that the charter granted to Cecil was drawn by the hand of George Calvert. In honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., it was called Terra Mariae-Mary's Land—hence Maryland. It was the most liberal grant yet made by a British sovereign, both in respect to the proprietor and the settlers. The
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New Netherland. (search)
on any pretence whatever, but by the consent of the Assembly; that no seaman or soldier should be quartered on the inhabitants against their will; that no martial law should exist; and that no person possessing faith in God by Jesus Christ should at any time be anywise disquieted or questioned for any difference of opinion. Two years afterwards the duke succeeded to the throne as James II., when he at once struck a severe blow at this fabric of liberty. James as king broke the promises of James as duke. He had become an avowed Roman Catholic, and determined to fill all offices in his realm with men of that creed. He levied direct taxes on New York without the consent of the people, forbade the introduction of printing, and otherwise established tyranny (see Dongan, Thomas). He refused to confirm the charter of 1683, but he dared not attempt to suppress the General Assembly, the first truly representative government established in New York. See New York City; New York, State of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York City (search)
tion of awful punishments on the innocent. The eight lawyers who then composed the bar of New York all assisted, by turns, in the prosecution. The negroes had no counsel, and were convicted and executed on insufficient evidence. The lawyers vied with each other in abusing the poor, terrified victims, and Chief-Justice De Lancey, in passing sentence, vied with the lawyers in this abuse. Many confessed to save their lives, and then accused others. John Ury, a schoolmaster, and reputed Roman Catholic priest, was denounced by Mary Burton, and, notwithstanding his solemn protestations of innocence and the absence of competent testimony to convict him, he was hanged. His arrest was the signal for the arrest of other white people, and the reign of terror was fearfully intensified; but, when (as in the case of the Salem witchcraft excitement) Mary Burton accused prominent persons known to be innocent, the delusion instantly abated, the prisons were cleared of victims, and the public mi
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Nicaragua. (search)
is power. Rivas, becoming disgusted with this gray-eyed man of destiny, as his admirers called him, left the presidency and proclaimed against Walker. Walker became his successor in office, June 24, and was inaugurated President of Nicaragua on July 12. So the first grand act of a conspiracy against the life of a weak neighbor was accomplished. The government at Washington hastened to acknowledge the independence of the new nation, and Walker's ambassador, in the person of Vijil, a Roman Catholic priest, was cordially received by President Pierce and his cabinet. So strengthened, Walker ruled with a high hand, and by his interference with trade offended commercial nations. The other Central American states combined against him, and on May 20, 1857, he was compelled to surrender 200 men, the remnant of his army, to Rivas; but by the interference of Commodore Davis, of the United States navy, then on the coast, Walker and a few of his followers were borne away unhurt. But this r
ith to bear of life and limb and terrene honor; and not to know or hear of any ill or damage intended him without defending him therefrom, to which James I. added a declaration against the pope's authority1603 It was again altered1689 Affirmation of a Quaker authorized instead of an oath, by statute, in 1696 Et seq. Of abjuration, being an obligation to maintain the government of King, lords, and Commons, the Church of England, and toleration of Protestant Dissenters, and abjuring all Roman Catholic pretenders to the crown, 13 William III1701 Affirmation, instead of oath, was permitted to Quakers and other Dissenters by acts passed in 1833, 1837, 1838, and 1863. In 1858 and 1860 Jews elected members of Parliament were relieved from part of the oath of allegiance. New oath of allegiance by 31 and 32 Victoria c. 72 (1868), for members of the new Parliament: I do swear that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to her Majesty Queen Victoria, her heirs and successors, according
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ottawa Indians, (search)
volution and subsequent hostilities they were opposed to the Americans, but finally made a treaty of peace at Greenville, in 1795, when one band settled on the Miami River. In conjunction with other tribes, they ceded their lands around Lake Michigan to the United States in 1833 in exchange for lands in Missouri, where they flourished for a time. After suffering much trouble, this emigrant band obtained a reservation in the Indian Territory, to which the remnant of this portion of the family emigrated in 1870. The upper Michigan Ottawas remain in the North, in the vicinity of the Great Lakes. There are some in Canada, mingled with other Indians. Roman Catholic and Protestant missions have been established among them. Their own simple religion embraces a belief in a good and evil spirit. In 1899 there were 162 Ottawas at the Quapaw agency, Indian Territory, and a larger number at the Mackinac agency, Michigan, where 6,000 Ottawas and Chippewas were living on the same reservation.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Protestant churches. (search)
e essential facts of Christianity. The most important religious movement of the nineteenth century in England is a reversion to sacramentalism, led by Newman and Pusey and William George Ward. Its ruling idea is that the sacraments have power in themselves to convey grace and salvation. This is essentially the doctrine of the old Church, and the movement gradually took on the form of a reaction; the adoration of the consecrated wafer, prayers for the dead, the use of incense—various Roman Catholic practices —were adopted one by one. In due time Newman and Faber and Ward entered the Catholic communion; since their departure, the ideas and practices for which they stood have been rapidly gaining ground in the English Church. How far this doctrinal reaction is likely to go, it would not be safe to predict. But it must be said of the High Church party that it is not wasting all its energies upon vestments and ceremonies; it is taking hold, in the most energetic manner, of the probl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Puritans, (search)
and, for there it had freedom of action. The Puritan was not a sufferer, but an aggressor. He was the straitest of his sect. He was an unflinching egotist, who regarded himself as his brother's keeper, and was continually busied in watching and guiding him. His constant business seemed to be to save his fellow-men from sin, error, arid eternal punishment. He sat in judgment upon their belief and actions with the authority of a God-chosen high-priest. He would not allow a Jesuit or a Roman Catholic priest to live in the colony. His motives were pure, his aims lofty, but his methods were uncharitable and sometimes absurd. As a law-giver and magistrate, his statute-books exhibit the salient points in his character—a self-constituted censor and a conservator of the moral and spiritual destiny of his fellow-mortals. His A Puritan home in England. laws in those statute-books were largely sumptuary in their character. He imposed a fine upon every woman who should cut her hair lik
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), entry st-vincent-de-paul-society-of (search)
St. Vincent de Paul, Society of A Roman Catholic organization engaged in the work of caring for the Roman Catholic poor in the large cities of the United States. Its head is the superior council of the New York Circumscription, which has its office at No. 2 Lafayette Place. Local bodies, over which it has, in nearly all cases, jurisdiction, are known as particular councils. The principal work of the particular councils consists in visiting the poor and relieving them, procuring situations for deserving persons out of employment, and promoting attendance on the Sunday-schools of the Church. There are sixty-five councils in the city of New York.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
Brigham Young arrested in Salt Lake City as implicated in murder of Richard Yates......Jan. 2, 1872 Col. James Fisk, Jr., shot in the Grand Central Hotel, New York, by Edward S. Stokes, Jan. 6, dies......Jan. 8, 1872 Congress accepts from Rhode Island a statue of Roger Williams......Jan. 11, 1872 Senator Sumner's speech on civil rights......Jan. 15, 1872 Liberal Republican movement begins with a convention held at Jefferson City, Mo.......Jan. 24, 1872 Martin J. Spalding, Roman Catholic archbishop of Baltimore and primate of the Church in America, born 1810, dies......Feb. 7, 1872 Labor Reform Convention meets at Columbus, O., Feb. 21, and nominates Judge David Davis, of Illinois, for President, and Judge Joel Parker, of New Jersey, for Vice-President......Feb. 22, 1872 National Prohibition Convention at Columbus, O., nominates James Black, of Pennsylvania, for President, and John Russell, of Michigan, for Vice-President......Feb. 22, 1872 Yellowstone Nationa
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