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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ringgold, battle of (search)
Ringgold, battle of When, on Nov. 25, 1863, the Confederates retreated from Missionary Ridge towards Ringgold they destroyed the bridges behind them. Early the next morning, Sherman, Palmer, and Hooker were sent in pursuit. Both Sherman and Palmer struck a rear-guard of the fugitives late on the same day, and the latter captured three guns from them. At Greysville Sherman halted and sent Howard to destroy a large section of the railway which connected Dalton with Cleveland, and thus severed the communication between Bragg and Burnside. Hooker, meanwhile, had pushed on to Ringgold, Osterhaus leading, Geary following, and Cruft in the rear, making numerous prisoners of stragglers. At a deep gorge General Cleburne, covering Bragg's retreat, made a stand, with guns well posted. Hooker's guns had not yet come up, and his impatient troops were permitted to attack the Confederates with small-arms only. A severe struggle ensued, and in the afternoon, when some of Hooker's guns wer
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sewall, Harold M. 1860- (search)
Sewall, Harold M. 1860- Diplomatist; born in Bath, Me., in 1860; graduated at Harvard College in 1882; was appointed consul-general to the Samoan Islands during the first administration of President Cleveland, but, disagreeing with the latter's policy, resigned. Later he participated under President Harrison in arranging the Berlin treaty of 1889, which gave to the United States, Great Britain, and Germany joint jurisdiction over Samoan affairs; was then reappointed consul-general. In 1897 he was made United States minister to Hawaii, and held that post till the annexation of the islands to the United States. See Hawaii.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ship-building. (search)
d hardly have been anticipated by its framers. In the first place, it debars the shipbuilders on the lakes from competing for the construction of such government warvessels as can pass the Canadian canals. This is a discrimination against a large and important industry which should not be tolerated except for the most urgent reasons. The American Ship-building Company now has nine plants on the lakes, located at West Superior, Milwaukee, Chicago, Bay City, Detroit, Wyandotte, Buffalo, Cleveland, and Lorraine. There are three other yards on the lakes, at Bay City, Port Huron, and Toledo. Owing to their proximity to the coal and iron deposits, all these lake ship-yards can compete successfully with any of the yards in this country or elsewhere. They have built several light-ships and other vessels for the Treasury Department, and have been, as we have seen, the lowest bidders for some of the naval vessels. The government is thus a loser as well by being deprived of the competit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spooner, Lysander 1808-1887 (search)
Spooner, Lysander 1808-1887 Lawyer; born in Athol, Mass., Jan. 19, 1808; was instrumental in inducing Congress in 1851 to pass an act reducing letter-postage by establishing a private post from Boston to New York, and from New York to Washington. His publications include Credit; Currency and banking; Poverty, causes and cure; A defence for fugitive slaves; A New system of paper currency; Our financiers; Gold and silver as standards of value; Law of prices; Letter to Grover Cleveland on his false inaugural address, etc. He died in Boston, Mass., May 14, 1887.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), States, the, and the popular vote in Presidential elections (search)
07028612,577762,9912233,421 Greeley2,834,0796344,985 Garfield4,449,05321420,7907,01859119 Hancock4,442,03515528,658 Cleveland4,911,01721922,42562,683371,694 Blaine4,848,33418226,639 Harrison5,440,21623323,348 Harrison did not have a popular plurality.65 Harrison did not have a popular plurality. Cleveland5,538,23316832,965 Cleveland5,556,91827720,061380,8101322,885, Harrison5,176,10814535,697 McKinley7,101,40127126,204630,745956,639 Bryan6,470,65617636,765 McKinley7,208,24429Cleveland5,556,91827720,061380,8101322,885, Harrison5,176,10814535,697 McKinley7,101,40127126,204630,745956,639 Bryan6,470,65617636,765 McKinley7,208,24429224,686849,4551376,200 Bryan6,358,78915536,764 the table. In 1860, Lincoln's closest competitor for the popular vote was Douglas; and Lincoln's popular and electoral votes are therefore compared with his. If, however, the reader be dissatisfied wular plurality. This was followed by the total collapse of the popular will and electoral college theory in 1888, when Cleveland, with a popular plurality of 98,017, was defeated by an electoral majority of sixty-five. To sum it up: In every elect
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stevenson, Adlai Ewing 1835- (search)
Stevenson, Adlai Ewing 1835- Statesman; born in Christian county, Ky., Oct. 23, 1835; he had attained prominence at the State bar and had served as district attorney before reaching middle life; he early took an active part in politics as a Democrat, and from 1875 to 1877, and again from 1879 to 1881, he represented Illinois in the national House of Representatives. In 1885-89 he was first assistant Postmaster-General. After the renomination of Grover Cleveland in 1892, the honor of second place fell to Mr. Stevenson. July 5, 1900, Mr. Stevenson was nominated for Vice-President by the Democratic party, and Aug. 28, 1900, by the Fusion party executive committee.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Strikes, (search)
President was obliged to call upon the Federal troops to restore order, after first issuing two proclamations to the strikers. The railroads lost in property during this strike $700,000, and in earnings $5,000,000. The strikers lost in wages $2,000,000. Twelve persons were killed and nearly 700 arrested. Eugene V. Debs (q. v.), the leader of the American Railway Union, was arrested for refusing to obey an injunction, and imprisoned for six months. The strike was a total failure. President Cleveland appointed a commission to investigate the strike, and this commission blamed the railroads for the trouble, and advised Congress to pass a law providing for compulsory arbitration of all labor troubles. In more recent years State legislation against boycotting, blacklisting, and conspiracy, and the ruling of courts against strikers and their methods, have done much to lessen these industrial disturbances. The strike of the steel-workers in 1901 was to force a recognition of their
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tariff legislation. (search)
1887 the protective contest entered on its last phase. The election of 1884 had not turned distinctively on the tariff; but in the December message of 1887 President Cleveland devoted his attention entirely to the surplus in the treasury and the cause of tariff reform (see Cleveland, Grover). The following year the Democratic Houss side, and only 4 out of 169 votes were recorded against the bill. It failed in the Republican Senate. The same year the election for President occurred, with Cleveland and Harrison as opposing champions of tariff reform and protection respectively. The tariff was the main issue, and the Republicans were successful. As Congresribed to the tariff. In 1893 the Democrats, having regained possession of the executive and both branches of Congress, prepared to deal with the question. President Cleveland was elected in 1892 largely on this issue, and the party platform had condemned the principle of protection. The Wilson bill, framed by Chairman Wilson,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Thurman, Allen Granbery 1813-1895 (search)
Thurman, Allen Granbery 1813-1895 Statesman; born in Lynchburg, Va., Nov. 13, 1813; practised law in Chillicothe, O., and became eminent at the bar; was a life-long Democrat. In 1845-47 he represented Ohio in the national House of Representatives, and in 1851-55 was a judge of the State Supreme Court. In 1867 he was the candidate for governor in opposition to Rutherford B. Hayes, and the campaign was close and exciting, though Hayes won. During two terms, 1869 to 1881, Thurman was a member of the United States Senate, where he served on the judiciary committee and on the electoral commission of 1877, and was a leader of the party and an authority on constitutional questions. He had been a candidate for the Presidential nomination, and in 1888 he accepted the second place on the ticket with Grover Cleveland. In the election Cleveland and Thurman were defeated by Harrison and Morton. Senator Thurman died in Columbus, O., Dec. 12, 1895.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tillman, Benjamin Ryan 1847- (search)
Tillman, Benjamin Ryan 1847- Legislator; born in Edgefield county, S. C., Aug. 11, 1847; received an academic education; governor of South Carolina in 1890-92; elected to the United States Senate in 1894 and 1900. He has been interested in agriculture for many years; established the Clemson Agricultural and Mechanical College in Fort Hill, S. C.; originated the dispensary system of selling liquor under State control (see State of South Carolina). He became known as Pitchfork Tillman, on account of his savage speech in the Senate against President Cleveland.
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