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Battle of Olustee. General Gillmore's report. Headquarters D. S., Hilton head, S. C., Marcnville and Baldwin. Very respectfully, Q. A. Gillmore, Major-General Commanding. P. S.--I regular officers with organized parties. Q. A. Gillmore, Major-General Commanding. [B.] [Tt by telegraph from Baldwin. frequently. General Gillmore. [C.] Jacksonville, 10 P. M., Feb. 11, .] Baldwin, Feb. 11, 1864, 2.30 P. M. Major-General Gillmore, St. Mary's: Your telegram just recmansion, Washington, January 13, 1864. Major-General Gillmore: I understand an effort is being matrictly military duties. A. Lincoln. General Gillmore's order. headquarters Department of ime our first great mistake occurred. Major-General Gillmore supposed the rebels had really no forchan of army officers. We came here, said General Gillmore, not so much to fight as to conciliate thxpedition will hereafter develop itself. General Gillmore will himself superintend the security of [6 more...]
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), The actions with the forts (search)
Pulaski's frowning guns afforded shelter for any blockade-runners that might succeed in eluding the blockading fleet. It was necessary to reduce this strong fortress before a stop could be put to the attempts of the venturesome runners. General Q. A. Gillmore directed the placing of batteries of rifled guns and mortars upon Big Tybee Island, and by the end of February, 1862, other batteries were erected in the rear of the fort, completely enfilading it. On the 10th of April, 1862, thirty-sif its harbor was maintained the strongest fleet, in the point of efficiency, weight of metal, and actual fighting qualities, that existed in that day. Month after month, Charleston was assailed both by water and land. Under the direction of General Gillmore and General Terry, breaching batteries were erected in the marshes, and although most of the outlying earthworks and batteries were taken, many determined assaults were repulsed. Fort Wagner, on Morris Island, continued its brave and determ
James Barnes, author of David G. Farragut, Naval Actions of 1812, Yank ee Ships and Yankee Sailors, Commodore Bainbridge , The Blockaders, and other naval and historical works, The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 6: The Navy. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Naval chronology 1861-1865: important naval engagements of the Civil war March, 1861-June, 1865 (search)
Federal gunboat Carondelet ran past the Confed. batteries at Island No.10, at night, without damage, and arrived at New Madrid. Headquarters of General Q. A. Gillmore at Hilton Head General Gillmore is not out of place in a volume that deals with the naval side of the Civil War, for almost continually he was directinGeneral Gillmore is not out of place in a volume that deals with the naval side of the Civil War, for almost continually he was directing movements in which the Federal navy was operating or was supposed to lend assistance. Had many of this splendid officer's suggestions been adopted, and had he received better military support from Washington, Savannah and Charleston could not by any possibility have held out, with all the bravery in the world, as long as they deneral Thomas W. Sherman and had he commanded 50,000 men instead of a small army, the Federal naval victories might have been followed up by army successes. General Gillmore conceived and superintended the construction of the fortifications at Hilton Head, and also planned the operations that resulted in the capture of Fort Pulas
of Charleston has been visited by Federal bombs. The tombs of its honored ancestors lie shattered where the ruins of fair mansions look down upon the scene. The cannonading that wrought this havoc was conducted by the Federal army under General Q. A. Gillmore after the failure of Admiral S. F. Du Pont's attack of April 7, 1863. The bombardment of the city was begun on August 21, 1863, by the famous gun, the ‘Swamp Angel,’ to enforce the evacuation of Fort Sumter. But Sumter, though reduced to a shapeless mass of ruins, did not surrender. On September 7, 1863, however, Gillmore succeeded in capturing Battery Wagner and Battery Gregg, on the northern part of Morris Island. One 30-pounder Parrott gun sent 4,523 shells toward the city, many of them landing within it destructively. Shall the spring dawn, and she, still clad in smiles, And with an unscathed brow, Rest in the strong arms of her palm-crowned isles, As fair and free as now? We know not; in the temple of the Fates God has
rater six feet high and eight feet wide. But the destruction shown in the picture was wrought by the bombardment from the land-batteries four months later. General Gillmore's guns opened on August 17th. Major John Johnson in Battles and leaders makes this report of the effect of Gillmore's operations and of the work of the defenGillmore's operations and of the work of the defenders: When demolished by landbat-teries of unprecedented range, the Fort endured for more than eighteen months their almost constant fire, and for a hundred days and nights their utmost power until it could with truth be said that it at last tired out, and in this way silenced, the great guns that once had silenced it. From ha spoke is no longer gay with flags. The staff from which Old Glory had floated to the applause of thousands stands bare. Beyond are the shapeless ruins made by Gillmore's guns. Out in the bay no ships dressed in flags are to be seen. For the whole nation is in mourning. On the very evening of the flag-raising the bullet of Bo
ed from the positions contiguous to them; there was thus a defensive relation throughout the entire line, extending from Winyaw Bay to the mouth of St. Mary's River, in Georgia, a distance of about two hundred miles. These detached and supporting works covered a most important agricultural country, and sufficed to defend it from the smaller expeditions made against that region. About March 1st the gunboats of the enemy entered the Savannah River by way of the channel leading from Hilton Head. Our naval force was too weak to dispute the possession with them, and they thus cut off the communication of Fort Pulaski with the city. Soon after, the enemy landed a force, under General Gillmore, on the opposite side of the fort. By April 1st they had powerful batteries in position, and on that day opened fire on the fort. Having no hope of succor, Fort Pulaski, after striking a blow for honor, surrendered with about five hundred men. General A. L. Long, in Historical Society Papers.
as considered advisable to evacuate Charleston (February 17th), that General Hardee's command might become available for service in the field; thus that noble city and its fortresses, which the combined military and naval forces of the United States, during an eighteen months siege, had failed to reduce, and which will stand forever as imperishable monuments of the skill and fortitude of their defenders, were, on February 21st, without resistance, occupied by the Federal forces under General Q. A. Gillmore. Fort Sumter, though it now presented the appearance of a ruin, was really better proof against bombardment than when first subjected to fire. The upper tier of masonry, from severe battering, had fallen on the outer wall, and shot and shell served only to solidify and add harder material to the mass. Over its rampart the Confederate flag defiantly floated until the city of Charleston was evacuated. Every effort that our circumstances permitted was immediately and thenceforw
t), 85. Galveston, Texas, capture and recapture, 196-98. Gardner, General, 333, 352. Garfield, Colonel, 15. Garland, General, 279. Garnett, General, 266, 377. Gary, General, 563. Geary, General, 88. Geddes, Colonel, 52-53. Geneva Conference, settlement of U. S. claims against Great Britain, 236-37. Georgia, reconstruction, 630-32. Georgia (cruiser), 221, 237. Germantown (frigate), 164. Gettysburg, Pa., Battle of, 355, 370-78. Ghent, Treaty of, 1815, 7. Gillmore, General Q. A., 65, 533. Gilmer, Gen. J. F., 25, 175, 428, 534. Extract from letter to Col. W. P. Johnston, 51-52. Gilmore, James R., 515-16. Gist, General, death, 489. Gladden, General, 46. Glassell, Commander W. T., 175. Gleason, William, 200. Goggin, Major, 454. Goldsborough, Commodore, 69, 82, 86. Gordon, Gen. John B., 435, 437, 449, 452, 453,454, 557, 558, 563. Attack on Fort Steadman, 552; letter to Lee concerning attack, 552-55. Governor Moore (ship), 185. Gracie, Genera
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bermuda hundred, operations near. (search)
the Army of the James at Bermuda Hundred, at the junction of the James and Appomattox rivers, early in May, 1864, to co-operate with the Army of the Potomac, approaching from the north. His chief care was at first to prevent reinforcements being sent to Lee from Petersburg and the South. For this purpose Butler proceeded to destroy the railway between Petersburg and Richmond, and so to cut off direct communication between the Confederate capital and the South. When it was known that General Gillmore had withdrawn his troops from before Charleston to join Butler, Beauregard was ordered to hasten northward to confront the Army of the James. He had arrived at Petersburg, and was hourly reinforced. Some of these troops he massed in front of Butler, under Gen. D. H. Hill; and finally, on the morning of May 16, under cover of a dense fog, they attempted to turn Butler's right flank. A sharp conflict ensued between about 4,000 Nationals and 3,000 Confederates, which resulted in the ret
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pulaski, Fort, capture of (search)
. Q. A. Gillmore, to reconnoitre Fort Pulaski and report upon the feasibility of a bombardment of it. It had been seized by the Confederates early in the year. Gillmore reported that it might be done by planting batteries of rifled guns and mortars on Big Tybee Island. A New York regiment was sent to occupy that island, and expionals erected batteries that effectually closed the Savannah River in the rear of Pulaski, and at the close of February, 1862, it was absolutely blockaded. General Gillmore planted siege guns on Big Tybee that commanded the fort; and on April 10, 1862, after General Hunter (who had succeeded General Sherman) had demanded its surrender, and it had been refused, thirty-six heavy rifled cannon and mortars were opened upon it, under the direction of Generals Gillmore and Viele. It was gallantly defended until the 12th, when, so battered as to be untenable, it was surrendered. This victory enabled the Nationals Breach in Fort Pulaski. to close the port o
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