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The Daily Dispatch: February 17, 1865., [Electronic resource] 1 1 Browse Search
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Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1858. (search)
ing this operation, our Lieutenant insisted that he had slept better in the open air than ever under any roof. The great Peninsular campaign followed, beginning in April, 1862. At Yorktown, Lieutenant Patten got his first sight of siege and battle. Thence Sedgwick's division was despatched in the column which occupied West Point; but the Twentieth was only drawn up in support in the action there. The whole of Sumner's corps was now north of the Chickahominy, while those of Keyes and Heintzelman were south of it. By so faulty a disposition the enemy was sure to profit. When, at Fair Oaks, on the 31st of May, the left wing of the army was driven back, the danger was imminent. But Sumner, hearing the thunders of battle from the left bank of the river, and reading the necessities of the hour with the inspiration of a genuine soldier, marched au canon, without waiting for orders. Sedgwick's division was in advance, crossed the swaying and dangerous Chickahominy bridge, made a forc
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies, 1860. (search)
orning of the 30th the troops of Jackson had been so far reinforced by Lee that at noon, notwithstanding the accession of General Porter's corps, General Pope was confronted by a superior force of the enemy. As fresh arrivals from the main body of the Rebels were continually increasing the disparity, General Pope advanced to the attack as soon as he could bring his troops into action. His force, amounting to about forty thousand men, consisted now of the corps of McDowell, Sigel, Reno, Heintzelman, and Porter. Unfortunately, Franklin and Sumner, at Centreville, had not come up, Burnside was at Fredericksburg, and Banks at Bristow's Station. These were heavy deductions from the national side. The corps of General Porter was on the left of the line, and at about three o'clock in the afternoon began the attack by an attempt to clear the enemy out of the woods in front. Our troops, however, were soon driven back with considerable loss. As they retired, the enemy advanced to the as
es our own company, the entire force remaining; seemingly just weak enough, so we thought, to tempt a surprise from Mosby and his gang the first favorable opportunity. However, lie did not appear to think so, and everything remained quiet until the 18th of April, when we struck our tents, packed up, bade adieu to Camp Davis, as it was called in honor of the Colonel of the Thirty-ninth Massachusetts, and moved out of town nearly a mile to spend an indefinite season. Our new camp (called Heintzelman, in honor of the commander of the defences of Washington under whom we then were) was located on the premises of one Henry Young. An airy awning was built over the picket to shelter the horses; trees, both pine and cedar, were cut and set about our tents; arbors were built in front of some; and, on the whole, we seemed likely to have quite a desirable summer residence. Having got fully established once more, the usual routine camp duties were resumed. These were the halcyon days of t
Gen. French with 11,000 men, whom he very naturally desired to add to his army in the momentous battle now pending. . . . Hooker had already drawn from the garrison at Washington all that Halleck would spare-leaving but 11,000 effectives under Heintzelman, which was none too much. But having crossed the Potomac, he had very properly inquired by telegraph of Halleck, Is there any reason why Maryland Heights should not be abandoned after the public stores and property are removed? and been answe midst of the great army, cheek by jowl with the men who fought under McDowell, and McClellan, and Pope, and Burnside, and Hooker, as principals, and under the more immediate direction of such leaders as Sumner and Franklin, Keyes and Kearny, Heintzelman and McCall, Sedgwick, Reno, and Banks in the earlier days of the war, and now were fresh from the gory fields of Gettysburg, where Reynolds, of precious memory, and Buford, and Hancock, and Sickles had immortalized themselves; and we rejoiced
9. Bull Run, 139, 140, 144. Buford, Gen., 101, 110, 130. Burnside, Gen. A. E., 101, 212, 249, 283. Burnside, Mine, 298. Burkesville, 428, 429. Burroughs, Isaac N., 149,150, 440, 441. Butler, Gen., 189, 228, 277, 299, 345. Bull, Lieut. W. S., 405, 407, 409. Butterfield, N. H., 82, 98. 121, 148, 151, 163, 203, 208. C. Camp Stanton, 18, 23, 31, 39. Camp Stanton, Barry, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 48, 49, 50, 78, 79, 101, 104. Camp Stanton, Davis, 62, 65, 73. Camp Stanton, Heintzelman, 62, 79. Campbell, Michael, 205, 206, 207, 350, 403, 404, 406. Carr, Gen. J. B., 179. Carr, John H., 207, 350, 398. Carr, Patrick, 351. Carter, Theo. A., 203, 204, 207, 350. Castle Thunder, 189, 430. Cavalry, Scott's Nine Hundred, 52, 60, 93. Cavalry, Sixth Michigan, 69. Cavalry, Stuart's, 138. Cavalry, Merritt's, 228. Cavalry, Gregg's, 345, 372, 375, 391. Cavalry, Hampton's, 324, 363, 374. Cavalry, First Mass., 379. Chancellorsville, 65, 213, 214. Chapi
learning that two of McClellan's army corps, those of Keyes and Heintzelman, were on the south side of the Chickahominy, determined on an im on theNine-mile road. Kearny's and Hooker's divisions, forming Heintzelman's corps, were in rear of Couch. The rest of the Federal army wavision were driven back, although reinforced by the corps of General Heintzelman. The corps of Generals Keyes and Heintzelman having retiredHeintzelman having retired to the third line by direction of General Heintzelman, I there collected what remained of my division. Official Report. The Federal repGeneral Heintzelman, I there collected what remained of my division. Official Report. The Federal reports and many subsequent historical writers speak persistently of the overwhelming numbers of the Confederates engaged in the defeat of theirside the divisions of Casey, Couch and Kearny were engaged. General Heintzelman, the senior Federal officer on their left, says: Couch's, Ca This, of course, would make the total 15,000 men, as opposed to Heintzelman's 18,500. Five thousand may be right for the strength of Kearny,
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 1: (search)
cularly, to the South Carolina commands. The line of battle as now re-established, south of the Warrenton turnpike, ran at a right angle with the Bull run line, and was composed of the shattered commands of Bee, Bartow and Evans on the right, with Hampton's legion infantry; Jackson in the center, and Gartrell's, Smith's, Faulkner's and Fisher's regiments, with two companies of Stuart's cavalry, on the left. The artillery was massed near the Henry house. With this line the assaults of Heintzelman's division and the brigades of Sherman and Keyes, with their batteries, numbering some 18,000 strong, were resisted with heroic firmness. By 2 o'clock, Kershaw's Second and Cash's Eighth South Carolina, General Holmes' brigade of two regiments, Early's brigade, and Walker's and Latham's batteries, arrived from the Bull run line and reinforced the left. The enemy now held the great plateau from which he had driven our forces, and was being vigorously assailed on his left by Kershaw and
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 3: (search)
f May, the Third and Fourth corps of the Federal army, under Generals Heintzelman and Keyes, had crossed at Bottom's bridge, and by the 30th, s which had been constructed for their convenience in crossing. Heintzelman's corps was in the vicinity of Bottom's bridge. There had been einforced from the north of the Chickahominy or to any extent by Heintzelman from Bottom's bridge. To understand his plan of attack, it willneral Sumner's report, that three corps, his own, Franklin's and Heintzelman's, were under his command and put in line of battle at Savage Station. Heintzelman (15,000) was ordered to hold the Williamsburg road, but before the attack by Kershaw, General Heintzelman left the field,General Heintzelman left the field, and crossed White Oak swamp. Sumner speaks of the assault by Kershaw and Semmes as being met by Bums' brigade, supported and reinforced by th Kershaw's and Semmes' brigades and Kemper's battery, followed Heintzelman's retreat at night, and crossing White Oak marched to Glendale,
Brigadier-General Ellison Capers, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 5, South Carolina (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 7: (search)
's was in S. D. Lee's battalion. Pope massed against Jackson, and after assailing him with a heavy fire of artillery, attacked his whole line with all the aggressive power he could command. Porter's corps assailed his right and center, and Heintzelman's and Reno's corps attacked his left and left flank. These three corps were supported by the divisions of King and Ricketts. Jackson stood against this combination with his three divisions, and made desperate resistance. For three hours, t Fairfax, on one of which he was stationed, Jackson, followed by Longstreet, marching on the other. Reinforced by Sumner's and Franklin's corps, General Pope arranged for battle on the 1st of September with a force of 57,000. The corps of Heintzelman, Reno and McDowell were in position south of the Little River turnpike, facing almost north. Against these corps General Jackson attacked on the afternoon of the 1st, the battle being fought during a storm of rain and wind, which blew directl
it may be said that McClellan had, at Seven Pines, committed a blunder. On the morning of May 31st he had rashly placed two of his best corps on the Richmond side of the Chickahominy, and the river, flood. ing its banks, cut them off from the rest of his army. Johnston at once hurled the bulk of his force against the isolated enemy. Throughout the first day the Confederates were doing their best to profit by the blunder. But steady Sumner crossed the river in force to help Keyes and Heintzelman, and, through his desperate effort, the Federals recovered on the second day what they had lost on the first. Both armies claimed the victory. The loss on both sides was heavy and about equally divided. In our number of casualties, however, we suffered a greater loss than they in the severe wound which, during the battle, had incapacitated General Johnston. Among the troops at Seven Pines, the Chasseurs-à--pied, of New Orleans, after rendering excellent service, had come out with t
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