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Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), chapter 9 (search)
of column until an hour and a half after this attack. We may conclude, therefore, that if the offensive movement of Smith had not been delayed during those three hours, the positions of Fair Oaks and Seven Pines, which fell almost immediately after this movement, would have been captured at three instead of five o'clock, and that Sumner not having yet crossed the Chickahominy at that moment, Smith, instead of being obliged to give him battle, would have completed the defeat of Keyes' and Heintzelman's two corps. We shall not venture further with hypotheses, our object being simply to specify the points of fact concerning which we are at variance with the illustrious general who was wounded at Fair Oaks. May, 1875. Reports of the Federal and Confederate armies, to explain the second half of volume II. I. Battle of Perryville, book I., chapter I. Federal army. Commander-in-chief, Major-General D. C. Buell. Second in Command, Major-general Thomas. 1st corps (lef
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Book III:—Pennsylvania. (search)
district which the Army of the Potomac was called upon to defend, entire corps, such as the Washington garrison under Heintzelman, Stahel's six thousand cavalry in the neighborhood of Manassas, and Milroy's division in the Valley of Virginia, actedeneral Kelley's division, which occupied West Virginia, were subordinate to General Schenck. In Washington itself General Heintzelman was in command, who, besides the depots, the regiments under instruction, and the artillery of the forts, had undeing six thousand horses, whose only task was to pursue Mosby and the few hundred partisans led by this daring chief. Heintzelman's total forces amounted to no less than thirty-six thousand men. Keyes, Schenck, and Heintzelman acted under the imHeintzelman acted under the immediate authority of Halleck, who sought thereby to add the command of these detached corps to the supreme direction of the various armies—a command which he did not relinquish even when he seemingly allowed Hooker to exercise its functions for a wh
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 3. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.), Addenda by the editor (search)
e to Warrenton Junction. Instructions from Meade to French. June 29, 1863. Major-Gen. French, Comdg. Harper's Ferry: The major-general commanding directs that you remove the property of the government at Maryland Heights, etc. by canal to Washington—that you march with your command to join this army without delay. For the purpose of removing and escorting the property to Washington, you will detach such portion of your command as may be necessary, and order them to report to Maj.-Gen. Heintzelman. This force should not exceed three thousand men, and of course, in your discretion, may be less than that. The Headquarters of this army will be at Middleburg to-night, and the army are all in march for the line between Emmettsburg and Westminster. Where the Headquarters will be after to-night will depend upon the information derived from the front of the enemy and his movements: Your march must be as rapid as possible in view of the efficiency of your troops to join. You wi
The Daily Dispatch: June 19, 1861., [Electronic resource], Ordnance Department, Richmond.Va.,may 26, 1861. (search)
whom would be gone by to-night to follow the main body to Winchester. The greater part of the 14,000 troops stationed at the Ferry go southward to join Generals Besuregard and Lee's forces. The smaller body, it is believed, will march to join General Henry A. Wise, near Romney, who is to oppose the advance of Gen. McClellan's column from the West. There was a dress parade of all the troops here this afternoon. They were drawn up in line in front of headquarters, and reviewed by Col. Heintzelman. To-day we have had the hottest weather the troops have yet experienced. The thermometer stood at 105 degrees in the sun. It was reported among the Secessionists at Vienna, fifteen miles out, this afternoon, that Federal forces are at Leesburg. The people there were in communication with the Confederates, their scouts being there up to yesterday. Gen.Wise has 3,000 men at Staunton, one regiment of which is already on the march. A great number of small arms, said to be
Gen. Schenck particularly is said to have displayed perfect coolness and self-possession. There seems to have been a lack of forethought in not sending out scouts in advance, as the country is favorable to such reconnoitering; but when once in the difficulty, both men and officers apparently did the best possible. They kept undisputed possession at the point where they posted themselves, the enemy not deeming it prudent to follow them up. On the return of the engine to Alexandria, Col. Heintzelman immediately ordered reinforcements to be sent up, and in the course of the night two trains were sent up with strong detachments from various regiments in Alexandria. At four o'clock this morning the Federal troops, under Gen. Tyler, were posted some four miles this side of Vienna, preparing to march upon that point. It was believed, however, that the enemy had fallen back towards Fairfax Court-House, taking their batteries with them, and that their retrograde movement commenced a
War Department has just issued in pamphlet form, a tribute to the bravery, endurance, and patriotism of that portion of the United States Army which has been recently engaged in conflict with the Indians. It is called Order No. 11, and describes, in a pleasant manner, the chief engagements of the summer and fall. In the Department of the West, the services of Major Sedgewick's command against the Kiowas; in the Department of Texas, Lieut. Hazen's expedition, Corporal Collins' pluck, Major Heintzelman's operations, and other gallant actions; in the Department of New Mexico, the Navajo war furnishes several exciting chapters; in the Department of Utah, the late depredations committed upon emigrants; and in the Department of California, the incursions of the Paintes, Bannocks, and Shoshones, are commented upon in detail, and furnish innumerable evidences of the trials and energy of the soldiers. In enumerating instances of individual heroism, with which the little document is studded
y 10-pounder guns were fired to-day. Guns have also been placed outside the fort commanding the roads. Good military authority pronounce these works perfect in every detail, and capable of withstanding a siege by 10,000 of the best troops. They have been constructed under the superintendence of Captain Wright. Intelligence from Manassas Junction gives satisfaction that the force there is not near as large as represented, and that it is neither well clothed nor well fed. Col. Heintzelman has never entertained any apprehensions of an attack in his immediate incality, though every precaution has been taken to guard against such an event. Troops are now so admirably posted for a defence, and the field work so extensive, that all fear of that character are generally dismissed. A reconnoitering party discovered several thousand troops gathering near Vienna this morning. Intelligence from Camp Tyler this evening presents all the Confederate troops as having disappe
ho were formerly Charleston and Savannah pilots. not captured. The Cincinnati Enquirer contradicts the story, which it originated, that three companies of the 19th Ohio Regiment had been captured by C. Jennings Wise. Though hemmed in and in great danger, the three companies managed to escape with but slight loss. The Washington Star, of Monday afternoon, contains the following: Springfield Station occupied at Union troops. Alexandria, July 16th. --A portion of Col. Heintzelman's Alexandria command now occupies the railroad immediately at Springfield station, eight miles from here. I imagine that the troops took that position but for a temporary purpose, and will probably change their location to-day, coming in nearer to Alexandria. The unfounded story of Gen. McDowell's occupation of Fairfax Court-House doubtless grew out of that movement of the column of his forces whose headquarters are here. As for the story of the abandonment of his entrenchments a
reating forces and endeavored to rally them, but with only partial success. Only two hundred of the Fire Zouave Regiment are left from the slaughter. The 69th and other New York Regiments suffered frightfully. Sherman's, Carlisle's, Griffin's and the West Point Batteries were taken by the Confederate troops. They also took the eight siege 32-pounders, rifle cannon. Col. Wilcox, who commanded a Brigade, was killed. Capt. McCook is also among the killed. Col. Heintzelman was wounded. Washington presents a scene of most intense excitement. Wagons are continually bringing in the dead and wounded, and the feeling is awfully distressing. Both telegraph and steamboat communication with Alexandria has been suspended. Fortifications are being strongly reinforced with fresh troops. It is understood that Gen. Mansfield will take the command. Fortifications on the Virginia side of the river are being improved and reinforced, and large rifled cannon
th Regiment suffered most severely, and it is reported that the Lieutenant Colonel was among those first killed. Ellsworth's Zouaves also distinguished themselves by their spirited assault on the batteries at the point of the bayonet; but it is feared that their loss is immense. Up to the hour of three P. M., it was generally understood that we had hemmed in the enemy entirely, and that they were gradually retreating; that Col. Hunter had driven them back in the rear, and that Col. Heintzelman's command was meeting with every success, and that it required but the reserve of Gen. Tyler's Division to push on to Manassas Junction. A Mississippi soldier was taken prisoner by private Hasbrouck, of the Wisconsin Second Regiment. He turned out to be Brigadier Quartermaster Pryor, a cousin of Roger A. Pryor. He was captured with his horse as he by accident rode within our lines. From the statements of this prisoner, it appears that our artillery has created great havoc am
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