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ent, when John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky, received the unanimous vote--105--of the delegates present; and Gen. Joseph Lane, of Oregon, was nominated for Vice-President by a similar vote. And then, after a speech from Mr. Yancey, the Convention finally adjourned. The Constitutional Union (late American ) party held a Convention at Baltimore on the 19th of May; and, on the second ballot, nominated John Bell, of Tennessee, for President; he receiving 138 votes to 114 for all others. Sam Houston, of Texas, had 57 votes on the first, and 69 on the second ballot. Edward Everett, of Massachusetts, was then unanimously nominated for Vice-President. The Convention, without a dissenting voice, united on the following Platform : Whereas, Experience has demonstrated that Platforms adopted by the partisan Conventions of the country have had the effect to mislead and deceive the people, and at the same time to widen the political divisions of the country, by the creation and encour
ry Convention in Georgia votes to secede facilities to Disunion Houston Letcher Magofiln Conway C. F. Jackson Alex. H. Stephens S. Cdate for Governor. The people were alarmed by this bold step; Gen. Sam Houston took the field in opposition to it as an independent Union cangly for Pierce against Scott, and for Buchanan against Fillmore, Gen. Houston carried it with all ease, beating Runnells by 8,670 majority, Houston, 36,170; Runnells, 27,500. in by far the largest vote ever yet polled in the State. Andrew J. Hamilton, running as a Unionist for Cs in 1859, by 20,565 votes to 3,541 for Judge W. B. Ochiltree; but Houston for Governor had 4,183 majority in the District at that election; d no serious opposition. Democrat, had no serious opposition. Gen. Houston was thus in a position to thwart the Texan conspirators, had he alyze, and, in due time, betray it into the hands of his fellows. Houston was allowed to remain in office, despised by the implacable enemie
t among nations — could not be quenched even in their own life-blood. And, on the other hand, the flag rendered illustrious by the triumphs of Gates and Greene and Washington — of Harrison, Brown, Scott, Macomb, and Jackson — of Truxtun, Decatur, Hull, Perry, Porter, and McDonough — was throughout a tower of strength to the Unionists. In the hours darkened by shameful defeat and needless disaster, when the Republic seemed rocking and reeling on the very brink of destruction — when Europe almost unanimously pronounced the Union irretrievably lost, and condemned the infatuation that demanded persistence in an utterly hopeless contest — the heart of the loyal Millions never faltered, nor was their faith shaken that, in spite of present reverses, the flag of their fathers would float once more over Richmond and Charleston and Montgomery, over Raleigh, Atlanta, and Houston, the symbol of National authority and power, accepted, beloved, and rejoiced in, by a great, free, happ
lmes, John, of Mass., 79; his vote on the Missouri Compromise, 80; 265. Holt, Joseph, of Ky., Secretary of War, 499. Hopkins, Rev. Samuel, 37; 71; 254-5. Houston, Sam., 149; goes to Texas, 150; confers with Jackson, 151; beats Runnells for Governor, 339; his death, 340. See Texas. Huger, Gen., commands near Fort Monroembia, S. C., 335-6; fires the first shot at Sumter. Ruffin. M R., of N. C., in Peace Conference, 402. Runnels, Hardin R., of Texas, beaten for Governor, by Houston, 339. Rusk, Thomas J., of Texas, on Nebraska, 226. Russell, Col. Wm. H., of Mo., to Rollins, 80. Russell, Lieut., destroys schooner Judah, 602. Russelvors Annexation, 169 to 171; Congressional, 171 to 174; Annexation consummated, 175; admitted into the Union, 185-6; 209; withdraws from the Dem. Convention, 315; Houston and Runnells, 339 ; secession of, and vote thereon, 348 population in 1860, 351; 373; Twiggs's treason, etc., 413; 514-15. Thayer, James S., in Tweddle Hall, 3
Rebellion Record: Introduction., Volume 1. (ed. Frank Moore), Contents of Thie first volume. (search)
at Philadelphia, May 17,258 175 1/2.Arkansas Secession Ordinance,259 176.New York 14th Regiment, (Brooklyn,)260 177.Attack on Sewell's Point by U. S. Steamer Star,261 178.New York Bible Society Meeting, May 19,262 179.North Carolina Ordinance of Secession,263 180.New York 2d Regiment, S. Militia,264 181.Gov. Magoffin's Proclamation in Kentucky, May 20,264 182.Tennessee 2d Regiment,265 183.Confederate Act on Debtors to U. S. Creditors,265 184.American Affairs in Germany,265 185.Sam Houston's Speech at Independence, Texas,266 186.Howell Cobb's Speech at Atlanta, Ga., May 22,268 187.Secretary Cameron's Letter on Volunteers,269 188.New York Volunteers, 2d Regiment,269 188 1/2.Dr. McClintock's Speech at Exeter Hall, London,269 189.A. H. Stephens' Speech at Atlanta, Ga., May 23,270 190.New York Volunteers, 5th Regiment, (Duryea's Zouaves,)270 190 1/2.Ohio 1st and 2d Regiments,271 191.Connecticut 3d Regiment,272 192.Toombs' Instructions to Privateers,272 193.New York Vo
eld of Mars, And set against the Stars and Stripes the flashing Stars and Bars. Albert Sidney Johnston The man who, at the opening of hostilities, was regarded as the most formidable general in the Confederacy is commemorated in the poem opposite by a woman long prominent in the relief work of the Grand Army of the Republic. Johnston, whose father was a Connecticut Yankee, won distinction in the Black Hawk War, entered the army of Texas in its struggle for independence, succeeded Sam Houston as commander-in-chief, fought in the War with Mexico, and was recommended for the grade of brigadier-general for his conduct at Monterey. When he heard that his adopted state, Texas, had passed the ordinance of secession, he resigned from the Department of the Pacific. He was assured that he might have the highest position in the Federal service. Sorrowfully he declined, writing at the time: No one could feel more sensibly the calamitous condition of our country than myself, and whatev
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Alamo, Fort, (search)
ruggle by Texas for independence, the most sanguinary and heroic conflict of the border warfare, which merged into the Mexican War, occurred there — a conflict which for years was familiar to Americans as the Thermopylae of Texas. The fort was about an acre in extent, oblong, and surrounded by a wall 8 or 10 feet in height by 3 feet in thickness. A body of Texans, under the command of Col. William Barrett Davis, retired into the fort early in 1836, upon the dismantling of San Antonio by Sam Houston, and then Santa Ana, with a large force, invested the fort Feb. 23. The Texans numbered only 140 men, while the Mexican army was 4,000 strong. The enemy took possession of the town, then erected batteries on both sides of the river, and for twenty-four hours bombarded the fort, during which, it is stated, over 200 shells were discharged into it, but without injuring a man. The attacking forces made several vigorous assaults on the fort. but were repulsed in each case. The commander of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Scotch-Irish Society of America, (search)
Scotch-Irish Society of America, A society organized in May, 1889, when the first Scotch-Irish congress was held at Columbia, Tenn. It is composed of the people of Scotch-Irish descent, residents of the United States and Canada. Its purpose is declared to be the preservation of Scotch-Irish history and associations, the increase and diffusion of knowledge regarding the Scotch-Irish people, the keeping alive of the characteristic qualities and sentiments of the race, the promotion of intelligent patriotism, and the development of social intercourse and fraternal feeling. State societies are being formed, and the growth of the organization is expected to be large, as the race is widely extended over the Union, and particularly in the middle South, where such men as Andrew Jackson, John C. Calhoun, and Sam Houston were its types. Membership includes females as well as males.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Texas, (search)
vernment was formed in a delegate convention, called the Consultation, and a governor and lieutenant-governor were chosen. At the same time Samuel Houston Sam Houston. (q. v.), of Tennessee, who had settled in Texas, was chosen commander-in-chief of the forces, and Austin was sent as commissioner to the United States. After Burnet) was chosen. On the 27th the command of Colonel Fanning, at Goliad, were massacred in cold blood, and successive defeats of the Texans produced a panic. Houston, meanwhile. in order to scatter the Mexican forces, continually fell back, until he reached San Jacinto. There, at the head of a force of 800 troops, he gave baident Santa Ana. His force was annihilated. The survivors fled westward in terror. The war was practically at an end. The Mexicans did not again invade Texas. Houston was elected president of the republic (September, 1836). The independence of Texas was acknowledged by the United States in March, 1837, but Mexico did not give u
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tohopeka, or Horseshoe Bend, battle at (search)
lls, and he proceeded to storm them. In the face of a tempest of bullets they pressed forward. The leader of the storming-party (Maj. L. P. Montgomery) leaped upon the breastworks and called upon his men to follow. He was shot dead, when Ensign Sam Houston (afterwards conqueror and President of Texas,. United States Senator, etc.), who was wounded in the thigh by a barbed arrow, leaped down among the Indians and called upon his companions to follow. They did so, and fought like tigers. Their Jackson sent a messenger, telling them their lives should be spared if they would surrender. He was fired upon. A cannon brought to bear upon the stronghold effected little. Then the general called for volunteers to storm it, and wounded Ensign Houston was the first to step out. Nothing could be effected until the torch was applied; and as the Indians rushed out from the flames they were shot down without mercy. The carnage continued until late in the evening; and when it ended 557 Creek w
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