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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blackburn's Ford, battle at. (search)
slot at random among them. A battery in view only responded with grape-shot. Richardson sent forward the 2d Michigan Regiment as skirmishers, who were soon engaged in a hot contest on low ground. The 3d Michigan, 1st Massachusetts, and 12th New York pushed forward, and were son fighting severely. Cavalry and two howitzers were fiercely assailed by musketry and a concealed battery, when the Nationals, greatly outnumbered, recoiled and withdrew behind Ayres's battery on a hill. Just then Sherman came up with his brigade, when Ayres's battery again opened fire, and for an hour an artillery duel was kept up, the Confederates responding, gun for gun. Satisfied that he could not flank the Confederates. McDowell ordered the whole body to fall back to Centreville. The Confederates called this the Battle of Bull Run. and that which the Nationals designate by that name they called the Battle of Manassas. The loss of the combatants at Blackburn's Ford was nearly equal — that of the Nati
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blair, Francis Preston, Jr., 1821-1875 (search)
Blair, Francis Preston, Jr., 1821-1875 Military officer; born in Lexington, Ky., Feb. 19, 1821 ; was educated at the College of New Jersey, and took an active part in politics early in life. The free-soil party (q. v.) at St. Louis elected him to a seat in Congress in 1856, and he acted and voted with the Republicans several years. He joined the Union army in 1861, and rose to the rank of major-general of volunteers. In 1864 he commanded a corps of Sherman's army in the campaign against Atlanta and in his march to the sea. Having joined the Democratic party, he was its unsuccessful candidate for the Vice,--Presidency in 1868. In January. 1871, he was chosen United States Senator. He died in St. Louis, Mo., July 8. 1875.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chickasaw Bayou, battle of (search)
Chickasaw Bayou, battle of When Gen. W. T. Sherman came down from Memphis to engage in the siege of Vicksburg, late in 1862, with about 20,000 men and some heavy siege guns, he was joined by troops from Helena, Ark., and was met by a gunboat fleet, under Admiral Porter, at the mouth of the Yazoo River, just above the city (Dec. 25). The two commanders arranged a plan for attacking Vicksburg in the rear. They went up the Yazoo to capture some batteries at Chickasaw Bayou and other points. The Yazoo sweeps round in a great bend within a few miles of Vicksburg. The range of hills on which Vicksburg stands extends to the Yazoo, about 12 miles above the city, where they terminate in Haines's Bluff. There is a deep natural ditch extending from the Yazoo below Haines's Bluff to the Mississippi, called Chickasaw Bayou, passing near the bluffs, which were fortified, and along their bases were rifle-pits for sharp-shooters. This bayou lay in the path of Sherman's march up the bluff
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gillmore, Quincy Adams 1825-1888 (search)
Gillmore, Quincy Adams 1825-1888 Military officer; born in Black River, Lorain co., O., Feb. 28, 1825; graduated at West Point in 1849, and entered the engineer corps. He was for four years (1852-56) assistant instructor of engineering at West Point. In October, 1861, he was appointed chief engineer of an expedition against the Southern coasts under Gen. W. T. Sherman. He superintended the construction of the fortifications at Hilton Head, and planned and executed measures for the capture of Fort Pulaski in the spring of 1862, when he was made brigadier-general of volunteers. After service in western Virginia and Kentucky, he was brevet- Quincy Adams Gillmore. ted colonel in the United States army, and succeeded Hunter (June, 1863) in command of the Department of South Carolina, when he was promoted to majorgeneral. After a long and unsuccessful attempt to capture Charleston in 1862, he was assigned to the command of the 10th Army Corps, and in the autumn of 1863, resumed
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Jenney, William Le Baron 1832- (search)
Jenney, William Le Baron 1832- Architect; born in Fairhaven, Mass., Sept. 25, 1832; was educated at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass.; graduated at the Ecole Centrale des Arts et Metiers, Paris, in 1856. He also studied art and architecture in Paris studios in 1858-59. On his return he was commissioned a captain in the United States army; was assigned to engineer duty; and served on the staff of Gen. U. S. Grant from the battle of Cairo to Corinth, and then on that of Gen. W. T. Sherman until 1866, receiving the brevet of major in 1864; he settled in Chicago as an architect in 1868; was landscape engineer for the West Chicago parks in 1870-71; invented the skeleton construction (now generally used in tall buildings) in 1883; and was the architect for the Union League Club and the Siegel & Cooper Building, in New York City; The Fair, and the Horticultural Building at the World's Columbian Exposition, in Chicago, and other notable structures.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lookout Mountain, battle on (search)
Lookout Mountain, battle on Gen. W. T. Sherman arrived near Chattanooga Top of Lookout Mountain, sunrise, November 25, 1863. late in November, 1863. It was important to get his army over the river without being discovered. To attract the chief attention of the Confederates in another quarter, Hooker was ordered to attack them on the northern face of Lookout Mountain. His entire force consisted of nearly 10,000 men. The main Confederate force was encamped in a hollow half-way up the mountain, and the summit was held by several brigades. Their pickets held a continuous line along Lookout Creek, with reserves in the valley. Hooker moved to the attack on the morning of Nov. 24. Geary, supported by Cruft, marched to Wauhatchie and crossed Lookout Creek there, while the rest of the troops crossed in front of the Confederates on temporary bridges. A heavy mist enveloped mountain and plain. Geary crossed at eight o'clock, seized a picket-guard of forty men, and extended his lin
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Missionary Ridge, battle of (search)
Missionary Ridge, battle of Gen. W. T. Sherman was lying, with his corps, along the line of the Big Black River, in Mississippi, when General Grant called him, Sept. 22, 1863, and a greater portion of his command to Chattanooga. Sherman fought his way eastward. He crossed the Tennessee River to the north side, at Eastport (Nov. 1), under cover of gunboats, and, pushing on, reported to Grant in person on Nov. 15. Sherman's corps was then in command of Gen. Frank Blair, and, on the afternoon of Nov. 23, it was ready to cross the Tennessee above Chattanooga, on a pontoon bridge which it had stealthily brought with them, at the moment when General Thomas was moving the centre of the Nationals towards the Confederates on Missionary Ridge, to ascertain whether Bragg was preparing to flee or to fight. He was ready for the latter act. When Thomas moved, the heavy guns at Fort Wood, Chattanooga, played upon Missionary Ridge and Orchard Knob, a lower hill a considerable distance in adv
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Raymond, battle of (search)
Raymond, battle of Gen. W. T. Sherman was called from operations in the Yazoo region (see Haines's Bluff) by General Grant. He marched down the western side of the Mississippi River, crossed at Hard Times, and on the following day (May 8, 1863) joined Grant on the Big Black River. Grant had intended to send down troops to assist Banks in an attack upon Port Hudson, but circumstances compelled him to move forward from Grand Gulf and Port Gibson. He made for the important railway connecting Jackson, the capital of Mississippi, with Vicksburg. His army moved in parallel lines on the eastern side of the river. These were led respectively by Generals McClernand and McPherson, and each was followed by portions of Sherman's corps. When, on the morning of April 12, the van of each column was approaching the railway near Raymond, the county seat of Hinds county, the advance of McPherson's corps, under Logan, was attacked by about 6,000 Confederates under Generals Gregg and Walker. I
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, John 1823-1896 (search)
Sherman, John 1823-1896 Statesman; born in Lancaster, O., May 10, 1823; brother of Gen. William T. Sherman; was admitted to the bar in 1844; elected to Congress in 1854, and served there until 1861, when he became United States Senator. He was a leading member of the finance committee of the Senate during the Civil War. He and Thaddeus Stevens were the framers of the bill passed in 1866-67 for the reorganization of the so-called seceded States. He was also the author of a bill providing for the resumption of specie payments on Jan. 1, 1879; and on March 4, 1877, President Hayes called him to his cabinet as Secretary of the Treasury. In 1881 he was re-elected to the United States Senate; became chairman of the committee on foreign relations; resigned John Sherman. in 1897 to become Secretary of State; and retired from that office in April, 1898. He died in Washington, D. C., Oct. 22, 1900. Mr. Sherman published Recollections (2 volumes, 1896).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 (search)
Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 Military officer; born in Mansfield, O., Feb. 8, 1820; gra State passed the ordinance of secession, Captain Sherman resigned; was made colonel of United Statt urgently recommend the promotion of Maj.-Gen. W. T. Sherman, now commanding the 15th Army Corps, e South, with instructions to co-operate with Sherman's inland movements by occupying, in succession, Charleston and other places. Sherman notified General Grant that it was his intention, after le Charleston kept Hardee from interfering with Sherman's inland march. Wheeler had been putting obsConfederates, who could not determine whether Sherman's objective was Charleston or Augusta. His invasion produced wide-spread alarm. Sherman's army steadily advanced in the face of every obstacederates before them wherever they appeared. Sherman's march was so rapid that troops for the defeith the National troops at Wilmington. General Sherman was promoted major general, United States[6 more...]
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