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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 28. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 31. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 25. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 2. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 4 2 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 1 Browse Search
Varina Davis, Jefferson Davis: Ex-President of the Confederate States of America, A Memoir by his Wife, Volume 2 3 1 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 7. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Harvard Memorial Biographies 3 1 Browse Search
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4. 3 1 Browse Search
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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., chapter 11.81 (search)
l another grand attempt was made at 4 P. M., with at least three full Federal corps cooperating: Hancock's on the right, Burnside's in the center, and Warren's on the left. General Meade, in his report, says it was without success. And he adds these words: Later in the day attacks were made by the Fifth and Ninth corps with no better results. The truth is that, despite the over-whelming odds against us, every Federal assault, on the 18th, was met with most signal defeat, attended, says Mr. Swinton, the Federal historian, with another mournful loss of life. This was, in fact, very heavy, and exceeded ours in the proportion of nine to one. General Humphreys, in his Virginia campaign, 1864 and 1865, places the Union losses from the 15th to the 18th of June at 9964 killed, wounded, and missing.--editors. My welcome to General Lee was most cordial. He was at last where I had, for the past three days, so anxiously hoped to see him — within the limits of Petersburg! Two of his d
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 5: military and naval operations on the coast of South Carolina.--military operations on the line of the Potomac River. (search)
ent, an order to march on Richmond. And it was evidently the determination of the commander, all through the earlier weeks of autumn, to strike the foe at Manassas, as quickly as possible, and march triumphantly on the Confederate capital. Mr. Swinton, in his History of the Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac (note on page 69), says: Though General McClellan used to keep his own counsel, yet General McDowell tells me he was wont, in their rides over the country south of the Potomac, to poipied is about thirty-five miles, exceeding the length of the famous, and hitherto the most extensivefortified by extemporized field-works-lines of Torres Vedras by several miles. Concerning the creation and use of heavy ordnance at that time, Swinton says: The task of forming an artillery establishment was facilitated by the fact that the country possessed, in the regular service, a body of accomplished and energetic artillery officers. As a basis of organization, it was decided to form fie
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 14: movements of the Army of the Potomac.--the Monitor and Merrimack. (search)
could be made to do something. Notes by General McDowell of a conference with the President and others, on the subject of the movement of the Army, cited by Mr. Swinton, in his Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 79. Mr. Swinton says he submitted these notes to Mr. Lincoln, during the summer of 1864, who declared that thMr. Swinton says he submitted these notes to Mr. Lincoln, during the summer of 1864, who declared that they were substantially correct. The President, supported by public opinion, had resolved that something must be done by the army of the Potomac immediately, under the direction of General McClellan, or some other officer, and arrangements were in progress to that effect, when the General-in-Chief, who had been too ill to see thee fortifications at Norfolk, destroy the naval establishment there, and evacuate the seaboard. Battle-fields of the South, by an English Combatant, page 169. Mr. Swinton says (Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 103) that this exposition of the views and wishes of the Confederate commander was given to him by Johnston him
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
llison's mill and vicinity on page 404. The road from Mechanicsville approaching the Beaver Dam Creek, runs along the foot of the distant eminences, almost parallel with the stream, and there the approaching Confederates presented a flank to the fire of their foes. The Nationals were masters of the situation. Expecting a renewal of the fight in the morning, the gallant Reserves rested on their arms that night. The National loss was about four hundred. According to a statement made to Mr. Swinton (Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, note, page 145) by General Longstreet, the Confederate loss was between three and four thousand. Notwithstanding the Nationals gained a decided victory at Ellison's Mill, McClellan was satisfied that the time had come for him to fly to the Battle of Mechanicsville. James River. He ascertained that Jackson had passed the Beaver Dam Creek above, and was gaining his flank. Lee's intention to strike McClellan's communications with his base at
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
uggle was maintained. Howard's division came to the aid of French and Hancock, and those of Sturgis and Getty, of the Ninth corps, made several attacks in support of the struggling Second, but still no advance could be made. Finally Burnside ordered Hooker across, with such of his force as he had in hand,, saying, as he looked from the north bank of the river upon the smoking heights for which his troops had been unsuccessfully struggling for hours, That crest must be carried to-night. Swinton's Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac, page 251. Hooker crossed with three divisions, but on surveying the ground and learning the situation of affairs, was so well satisfied of the hopelessness of the enterprise, that he hastened to Burnside and begged him to desist from further attacks. Burnside would not yield, so Humphrey's division, four thousand strong, was sent out from the city by Hooker with empty muskets, to use the bayonet only. They followed the track of French, Hancock,
x hundred and six officers. And as their force was only about eight hundred men, it appears that no more than two hundred of them served as privates only. After I had written this, and before I had revised the manuscript, the following letter was brought to my notice, which I use as an authority for my statements about the bravery of the officers, which I did not know of my own knowledge:-- New York, March 15, 1891. Major-General Benj. F. Butler, Boston, Mass.: Sir:--I have read Swinton's History of the New York Seventh Regiment, and from it I learn that the Seventh was a well drilled and equipped regiment in April, 1861. That during the Civil War they did not fire a shot at the enemy, were not in any battle, not once under fire, did not kill or wound any of the enemy, and never trod on rebel territory. In May, 1861, a portion of the regiment remained in camp in Washington while the others crossed the Long Bridge over the Potomac, and bivouacked one mile from the bridg
military goods and chattels of the sick man so inopportunely restored to life. Mr. Chase's disappointment at this sudden frustration of his schemes accounts, I suppose, for his anger. In another connection I have already stated that some weeks before the date of this meeting I had given Mr. Chase a sketch of the proposed Urbana movement, and that he was much pleased with it. Here I need only say in addition that I did this entirely of my own volition, for the purpose indicated, and that Mr. Swinton is entirely mistaken in stating that it was by direction of the President. Mr. Chase knew at the time that the President had no knowledge of my intention of talking to him about my plans. At this previous interview Mr. Chase seemed very grateful for the confidence I reposed in him and for my thoughtfulness in thus seeking to relieve his mind in his troubles. I presume the after-thought, and the object of the intrigues, cut short by my recovery, was to take advantage of this plan by hav
led machine, one hundred and twenty-one thousand men, with all the equipment for war, including fourteen thousand horses and mules, forty-four batteries, wagons, pontoon bridges, and boats are loaded. It comprises a fleet of four hundred vessels. On board men are swarming like ants; they unmoor from the landings and lazily float down the river. The unfinished dome of the Capitol fades away in the distance. The men gather in little knots and can but conjecture as to their destination. Swinton tells us that it was an undertaking which for economy and celerity of movement is without a parallel on record. This vast army with its entire equipage was transferred in about two weeks a distance of two hundred miles without the loss of a man, from the scene of its preparation at Washington to the Flanders of the Civil War. McClellan's headquarters before Yorktown Camp Winfield Scott, near Wormley's Creek. General McClellan was a stickler for neatness. His headquarters were models
nd ammunition alike. The batteries of the regular establishment were, of course, all in the United States service, commanded and served by trained gunners, and were easily distributed among the volunteer brigades by way of stiffening to the latter. This disparity was fully recognized by the Confederates and had its influence in the selection of more than one battle-ground in order that it might be neutralized by the local conditions, yet the service was very popular in the Southern army. Swinton, the historian of the Army of the Potomac, exclaims, Who can ever forget, that once looked upon it, that army of tattered uniforms and bright muskets, that body of incomparable infantry, the Army of Northern Virginia, which for four years carried the revolt on their bayonets, opposing a constant front to the mighty concentration of power brought against it; which, receiving terrible blows, did not fail to give the like, and which, vital in all its parts, died only with its annihilation.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 3. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The defence of Fort Gregg. (search)
s to enable them to go to their homes. If Captain Chew was in the fort at all, he was simply there as a volunteer or a spectator. We should give the honor to those who earned it in this fierce fight of three hours against such fearful odds. Swinton, in his Army of the Potomac, in his description of the breaking through the lines on this historic Sunday, says: On reaching the lines immediately around Petersburg, a part of Ord's command under Gibbon began an assault directed against Foy that Gibbons' force, surging repeatedly against it, was each time thrown back; at length a renewed charge carried the work, but not till its two hundred and fifty defenders had been reduced to thirty. * * Gibbons' loss was four hundred men. Swinton does not mention the Washington artillery in the fort: he also errs in putting the number of Mississippians at 250. General Harris says there were 150. These, with the 64 artillerists, make a total of 214 men, and these men put hors du combat 5
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