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Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 29: siege of Vicksburg--continued. (search)
ly 4, 1863. meeting of the officers of the Army and Navy on board the flag-ship Black Hawk. letters from General Sherman to Admiral Porter. generous terms granted the besieged after the capture of Vicksburg. true history. harmony in Army and Navy co-operation. last words of Grant. detailed report of Rear-Admiral Porter. congratulatory letter of Secretary Welles. As the Army had marched from Bruensburg, and was well on the way to Vicksburg, Admiral Porter changed his station from Grand Gulf to the flag-ship Black Hawk at the mouth of the Yazoo River, ready to co-operate with the Army the moment it should make its appearance in the rear of Vicksburg. Two iron-clads were left at the mouth of the Red River, blocking it up closely, which sealed the fate of Port Hudson. No more supplies would get to the Confederates from that quarter. One iron-clad was left at Carthage, three at Warrenton, (where the enemy aimed at building heavy works), and two or three in the Yazoo. No
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 38: review of the work done by the Navy in the year 1863. (search)
to co-operate with the Navy gave the Confederates time to render Vicksburg the Gibraltar of the West, and for a long period it bade defiance to the Army and Navy combined. The Vicksburg miscarriage enabled the enemy to fortify Port Hudson and Grand Gulf, which thus became two formidable barriers against the advance of the Navy. When Vicksburg was invested in 1863 by the Army under Major General Grant, and a large naval force under Rear-Admiral Porter, many efforts were made by the latter ofrated zealously with the Army whenever its services were needed. The capture of Arkansas Post, on the Arkansas River, and the constant effective attacks on the batteries of Vicksburg, the bombardment of the city and its defences, the battle of Grand Gulf and the landing of Grant's army at Bruensburg, and the final reduction of the great stronghold on July 4th, 1863, are among the successful achievements of the Mississippi squadron in co-operation with the Army. It is simple justice to the of
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 42: Red River expedition.--continued. (search)
ed River, we compelled the immediate evacuation of that post by the enemy, and enabled the fleet of gun-boats under Admiral Porter to pass up to Alexandria without firing a gun. The Army reached Alexandria the 9th of May (1863), in the evening, the Navy having reached there the morning of the same day. The enemy continued his retreat in the direction of Shreveport. The facts of the case are as follows, unimportant as they may be: After landing General Grant's troops fifteen miles below Grand Gulf, taking possession of that place and removing all the guns, the Admiral left at noon, May 3, 1863, and arrived that evening at the mouth of the Red River, and communicated with Admiral Farragut. He had with him the gun-boats Benton, Lafayette, Pittsburg, Price, ram Switzerland, and tug Ivy. Admiral Farragut informed Porter that, hearing that General Banks proposed marching on Alexandria, he had sent the Ansonia and Estrella, under Lieutenant-Commander A. P. Cooke, up Red River, to try
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 51: effects of the fall of Fort Fisher, and criticisms on General Badeau's military history of General Grant. (search)
reating troops. which rallied under their protecting fire and finally gained the day, to the fall of Fort Fisher, the Navy played a more active part than was perhaps ever before taken by naval forces, and though illy supplied with the proper kind of vessels, they seldom experienced reverses. There were the fights of Hatteras, Port Royal, New Orleans, Mobile, Vicksburg, and all along the Mississippi and its tributaries, Red River, Arkansas. White, Tennessee, Cumberland and Ohio Rivers, Grand Gulf, Port Hudson, Charleston, Galveston, and the whole coast of Texas brought under control. This was a large field of naval operations, seldom equalled in the history of war, and never exceeded, as far as naval successes are concerned. In this account of the Fort Fisher affair we have endeavored to do justice to all parties, but as General Butler was not partial to the Navy, and might perhaps think that a naval writer would not do him full justice, we have quoted liberally from the work o
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 55: operations of the Mississippi Squadron in the latter part of 1864 and in 1865. (search)
get the transports below the batteries, without having them cut to pieces, Fitch sent them back to Nashville under convoy of the Fair Play and Silver Lake. But Fitch was not to be balked by the Confederate batteries as long as his ammunition lasted. He set all hands to work to clear away the debris, and then proceeded down the river to his old position, taking with him the Carondelet, a vessel which had withstood the tempest of shot and shell from Forts Henry. Donelson, Vicksburg and Grand Gulf. Having secured the Carondelet to the bank above the enemy's batteries, with orders not to open fire until after the Neosho should engage, Fitch, in the latter vessel, proceeded below the Confederate batteries, rounded-to, and opened as before. As on the former occasion, the enemy opened also, but this time they got the worst of it, the Carondelet, with her heavy guns, dealing destruction right and left. Two of the enemy's pieces were soon dismounted, and by dark all but two of them w
Admiral David D. Porter, The Naval History of the Civil War., Chapter 59: (search)
teamer Boston. 23,036 03 2,308 49 20,727 54 Boston. Oct. 10, 1864 Fort Jackson. Steamer Banshee 111,216 65 6,268 17 104,948 48 New York Oct. 25, 1864 Fulton, Grand Gulf. Sloop Buffalo. 13,328 85 2,416 37 10,912 48 Philadelphia Nov. 23, 1864 Braziliera. Boat and cargo 390 25 201 78 188 47 New Orleans Feb. 2, 1865 Tallahatce 8, 1864 Virginia. Schooner Marion 381 96 235 52 146 44 do June 17, 1864 Aroostook. Schooner Mary Ann 116,544 74 4,188 42 112,356 32 Boston July 19, 1864 Grand Gulf. Schooner Mary Sorley 103,083 46 5,292 18 97,791 28 New Orleans July 28, 1864 Sciota. Schooner Maria Albert 3,866 94 805 49 3,061 45 do July 28, 1864 Rachon. Steam-tug Young America 13,500 00 219 72 13,280 28 do Oct. 5, 1865 Cumberland. Steamer Young Republic 422,341 99 10,822 20 411,519 79 do Aug. 24, 1865 Grand Gulf. Schooner Zavalla 4,125 14 1,296 15 2,828 99 New York Aug. 14, 1863 Huntsville. Schooner Zulima 2,480 61 164 02 2,316 59 Boston Dec. 19, 1864 New London.
Owen Wister, Ulysses S. Grant, V. (search)
ively listening to contrary opinions, disregarded these and pursued its way. And in everything that Grant did, the admirable navy supported him brilliantly. On April 16 it ran the Vicksburg batteries in an hour and forty minutes. In six days the transports followed; and Vicksburg beheld the army that had been sitting in the mud for so many weeks depart, to return presently on its own side the river with a vengeance. Grant's arm was at length raised to strike. His first blow glanced at Grand Gulf, the southernmost defence of Vicksburg; but the next day he stood on the east shore, the tall, defended, baffling shore which Secession had called its Gibraltar. To do this, he had had to come down the river to cross at Bruinsburg, some thirty-one miles below Vicksburg. When this was effected, I felt a degree of relief scarcely ever equalled since, he says. I was on dry ground on the same side of the river with the enemy. He now manoeuvred to deceive Pemberton, and easily did so. On
ge, and thence across the Mississippi below Warrenton, or to a point still farther down the river, and thence across to Grand Gulf. Admiral (then Commodore) Porter at the same time was to run by the rebel batteries with several of his gunboats, and mination showing that it was advisable, in consequence of McClernand's delay, to cross the Mississippi at a point below Grand Gulf, which was strongly fortified, General Grant, upon assuming immediate command, moved down from New Carthage to a point river by the steamers and gunboats, and established themselves on the Mississippi side, and compelled the evacuation of Grand Gulf. Then Grant,, sending his pithy despatch, You may not hear from me again for several days, cut loose from his base, an knew better than I, that the Yazoo expedition, and the like, could succeed. When you got below, and took Port Gibson, Grand Gulf, and vicinity, I thought you should go down the river and join General Banks; and when you turned northward, east of th
stablish itself on the eastern shore. This first high land is at Grand Gulf, a place strongly held at that time by the Confederates, and as u from the river as Vicksburg itself. Porter ran the batteries of Grand Gulf as he had run those of Vicksburg; the army descended the river a e, about 60,000 men. After fighting and losing an action to cover Grand Gulf, the Confederates evacuated that place, and Grant occupied it on the 3rd of May. By the 7th of May Sherman joined him at Grand Gulf, and he found himself with a force of 33,000 men. He then determined at onburg, and then to move on the stronghold itself. In order to use Grand Gulf as his base of supplies for these operations, he must have constred therefore merely to bring up by the single road available from Grand Gulf, what rations of biscuit, coffee, and salt he could, and to make fruitless attack by Admiral Porter's gunboats on the batteries of Grand Gulf: I occupied a tug, from which I could see the effect of th
el batteries by our fire; but, at 3 A. M. of the 28th, Capt. Farragut, in the Hartford, with six more of his vessels, passed Vicksburg triumphantly, with a total loss of 15 killed and 30 wounded, and exchanged cheers above with Capt. Davis's fleet of mortar and gun-boats, which had fought their way down from Cairo. Still, our forces were not strong enough for assault, and the bombardment remained ineffective; while Gen. Williams, who, on his way up from Baton Rouge, had been fired on from Grand Gulf, and had burned that village in retaliation, was losing men daily by sickness, which ultimately reduced his effective force by more than half. He had under-taken to cut a canal, or water-course, across the peninsula opposite Vicks-burg, and had gathered some 1,200 negroes from the adjacent plantations to assist in the work; but it did not succeed. The soil to be excavated was an exceedingly tenacious clay, in good part covered with large trees. The strong current obstinately kept to the
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