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advance far enough into the mountains of Georgia to make a retreat disastrous, to get upon his line and destroy it beyond the possibility of further use. To guard against this danger, Sherman left what he supposed to be a sufficient force to operate against Forrest in West Tennessee. He directed General Washburn, who commanded there, to send Brigadier-General S. D. Sturgis in command of this force to attack him. On the morning of the tenth of June, General Sturgis met the enemy near Guntown, Mississippi, was badly beaten, and driven back in utter rout and confusion to Memphis, a distance of about one hundred miles, hotly pursued by the enemy. By this, however, the enemy was defeated in his designs upon Sherman's line of communications. The persistency with which he followed up this success exhausted him, and made a season for rest and repairs necessary. In the mean time Major-General A. J. Smith, with the troops of the Army of the Tennessee that had been sent by General Sherman to
the Mobile and Ohio railroad, expecting to strike it at or in the vicinity of Guntown. I had proceeded some five miles with the head of the column, and halted to pldwin road, extending the line in a semi-circular form in the direction of the Guntown road, relieving the cavalry as they took position. As soon as the regiments tming next was placed on the right of Hoge's brigade completing the line to the Guntown road, and relieving the cavalry to that point. The Ninety third Indiana infantry, Colonel Thomas, was placed on the right of the Guntown road, over which it was very evident the enemy was then advancing to attack. The Seventy-second Ohio inf I directed Captain Fitch to put one section of his battery in position on the Guntown road and sweep it with grape and canister. Soon after our success on the righmmanded by myself, in the recent engagement at Brice's cross-roads, near Guntown, Mississippi, on the tenth instant. My brigade on that day marched in the rear of th
the twenty-first of December, in wretched weather, and moved directly east, threatening Corinth. Detachments were sent out which cut the telegraph from Grand Junction to Corinth, and also cut it and destroyed four bridges between Booneville and Guntown, on the Mobile and Ohio road. The main column then moved rapidly on Tupelo, and on Christmas night surprised, captured, and dispersed Forrest's dismounted camp at Verona. Here they captured six officers and twenty men, destroyed two trains of the Second New Jersey, under Major Van Rensselaer, was sent to destroy the Mobile and Ohio railroad and the telegraph at or near Boonville. At the same time the Fourth Illinois, under Captain A. F. Search, was sent to destroy the same road near Guntown. These detachments rejoined the main column, one at Ellistown, the other at Shannon's station, having destroyed four bridges, eight or ten culverts, several miles of the track and telegraph, and a large quantity of army supplies. With the ma
uns while completely surrounded by the enemy. And the rank of First Lieutenant by brevet, upon Lloyd H. Dillon, Second Lieutenant Company C, Fourth Iowa cavalry, who has repeatedly acted in the most gallant manner. He was severely wounded at Guntown, June tenth, 1864. At Selma, he led his company, which he was commanding, upon the enemy, killing several with his pistol and sabre. At Columbus he was among the first men to rush upon the enemy, and over the bridge into the city. regiment I respectfully recommend that Major A. R. Pierce, Fourth Iowa veteran cavalry, be promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel by brevet. He is one of the most cool and gallant officers in the service; has frequently unusual courage and judgment. At Guntown, when the infantry had suddenly and in great confusion retreated (before his regiment, which he then commanded had mounted), the enemy came victoriously and impetuously down upon him; he formed his men and held the entire force back till his hor
who has kept the colors of his regiment flying upon the parapet of Wagner during the entire conflict, is seen creeping along on one knee, still holding up the flag, and only yielding his sacred trust upon finding an officer of his regiment. As he enters the field hospital, where his wounded comrades are being brought in, they cheer him and the colors. Though nearly exhausted with the loss of blood, he says, Boys, the old flag never touched the ground. In the disastrous fight near Guntown, Mississippi, when the irresolution and mismanagement of the Union commander, a mismanagement generally attributed to intoxication, resulted in one of the most disgraceful defeats an i retreats in the annals of the war, it was the half drilled colored troops, most of them under fire for the first time, who, when the white troops were completely demoralized and panic-stricken by the failure of their commander, fought with the utmost desperation, and kept back the rebels until their white comrades
ence; the immediate fortifications of Atlanta were strengthened; and the two armies now confronted each other in what was unmistakably the crisis of the Georgia campaign. To this point the incidents of the campaign had all been in favour of the Confederates. The engagements at Resaca, New Hope Church, and Kenesaw Mountain, had been all Confederate victories. In connection, too, with the campaign, Gen. Forrest had achieved a brilliant success in Northern Mississippi, and intercepting at Guntown, on the 10th June, an expedition under Sturgis on its way from Memphis to protect and operate in Sherman's rear, had driven it back in utter rout and confusion, and hotly pursued it a distance of a hundred miles, taking two thousand prisoners, and killing and wounding an equal number. This stroke uncovered Sherman's rear, and left him a hundred and thirty-five miles in the interiour of Georgia, in constant dread that cavalry might get upon his line, and destroy it beyond the possibility of
Capt. Calvin D. Cowles , 23d U. S. Infantry, Major George B. Davis , U. S. Army, Leslie J. Perry, Joseph W. Kirkley, The Official Military Atlas of the Civil War, Index. (search)
862 22, 3, 22, 4, 22, 6, 22, 7; 111, 1 Guard Hill, Va. 82, 4; 85, 19 Engagement, Aug. 16, 1864. See Cedarville, Va. Guiney's Station, Va. 45, 1; 74, 1; 81, 2; 117, 1 Gulf, Department of the (U): Boundaries 165-171 Gum Springs, Va. 27, 1 Gum Swamp, N. C. 80, 7; 139, C7 Gunnell's,ΓΈ Va. 7, 1 Gunpowder, Md. 27, 1; 81, 4; 100, 1; 136, E10 Gunter's Bridge, S. C. 143, E9; 144, A9 Guntersville, Ala. 117, 1; 118, 1; 135-A; 149, F8 Guntown, Miss. 76, 1; 154, D14 Guyandotte, W. Va. 140, H6; 141, C7 Guy's Gap, Tenn. 32, 5 Hagerstown, Md. 27, 1; 42, 5; 43, 7; 81, 4; 82, 3; 83, 4; 116, 2; 135-A; 136, D6; 171 Capture, July 6, 1864 83, 4 Vicinity of, 1863 42, 5 Hall's Ferry, Miss. 36, 1 Hallsville, Mo. 152, C5 Halltown, W. Va. 27, 1; 29, 1; 42, 1; 69, 1; 74, 1; 81, 4; 82, 1; 85, 1; 100, 1; 116, 2 Hamburg, Mo. 152, D8 Hamburg, Tenn. 10, 10; 12, 5; 14, 2, 14, 3; 24, 3; 78,
31, 58; in Red river campaign, 60, 64-74, 80-84, III., 388; at fall of Mobile, 637. Stoneman, General, George, captured by rebels near Atlanta, II., 543; at Louisville, III., 191; delay of, 411; cuts off Lee's retreat towards Lynchburg, 637. Stanley, General D. S., in Thomas's army, III., 185; at Pulaski, 186; at Spring hill, 208. Stuart, General J. E. B., at Spottsylvania, II., 145; opposes Sheridan's movement to James river, 238; death, 239. Sturgis, General S. D., defeated at Guntown, II., 401. Sumpter, Fort, attack on, i., 3; fall of, 9. Tallahatchie river, Grant's movement to, 127-140; expedition to, from Yazoo pass 169-173. Taylor, General Richard, supersedes Hood, III.; 270; calls for more troops, 287; surrenders all rebel forces east of Mississippi river, 639. Tennessee, military situation in, November, 1861, i., 23; results in, consequent on capture of Fort Donelson, 55; movements in, after battle of Shiloh, 101-120; occupation and liberation of East,
kirmishing with the Confederate parties observing them. On August 19th, Colonel Adams, in camp with two companies of Mississippi cavalry at Marietta, was attacked by Colonel Lee, and made a safe retreat toward the headquarters of Armstrong near Guntown. Lee reported that the posting and vigilance of the Confederate pickets were perfect, and it was impracticable to capture them. On August 27th Colonel Falkner tried his hand at this game and drove in Sheridan's pickets on the Ripley road. ld watch Rosecrans and prevent the junction of the latter with Buell. Word was received from Van Dorn that he would be ready to move from Holly Springs on the 12th to support the army of the West. Price immediately advanced his headquarters to Guntown, and having ascertained that Rosecrans was at Iuka with 10,000 men, he marched in that direction on the 11th with his whole army. The cavalry, under General Armstrong, arrived before the town on the 13th, but found there only a small garrison w
lry, 5,000 infantry, 16 pieces of artillery and a train of 250 wagons, and marched under the command of Gen. S. D. Sturgis. On the 9th of June it was approaching Guntown. General Forrest had been ordered almost simultaneously to destroy Sherman's railroad communications in middle Tennessee, but being informed of Sturgis' approachohnson's brigade of Roddey's Alabama cavalry. As soon as Forrest at Booneville was definitely advised that the enemy was advancing, not toward Corinth but on the Guntown road from Ripley, he hastened to seize Brice's cross-roads and concentrate his forces immediately in the enemy's front. A small detachment reached the cross-robrigade and his artillery and was getting Grierson in condition to retire. At one o'clock Forrest ordered an assault, taking Bell's brigade and his escort to the Guntown and Ripley road to form the left of his line. Owing to the density of the undergrowth Bell was compelled to advance within thirty yards of the enemy before charg
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